Video: Assessing the Impact of Open Hole Gravel Pack Completions to Remediate the Observed Productivity Decline in Cased Hole FracPack Completions in Deepwater Gulf of Mexico Fields
- Karim Zaki (Chevron ETC) | Yan Li (Chevron ETC) | Clinton Terry (Chevron NA Upstream)
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- Society of Petroleum Engineers
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- Document Type
- 2018. Copyright is retained by the author. This presentation is distributed by SPE with the permission of the author. Contact the author for permission to use material from this video.
- 5.1 Reservoir Characterisation, 5.1.5 Geologic Modeling, 2 Well completion, 2.7 Completion Fluids, 3.3.1 Production Logging, 5.6.8 Well Performance Monitoring, Inflow Performance, 5.6 Formation Evaluation & Management, 2.1.3 Completion Equipment, 3.3 Well & Reservoir Surveillance and Monitoring, 2.4 Sand Control, 2.2.2 Perforating, 0.2 Wellbore Design, 2.7.1 Completion Fluids, 3 Production and Well Operations, 5.1.1 Exploration, Development, Structural Geology, 2.2 Installation and Completion Operations, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 1.8.3 Fines Migration, 5 Reservoir Desciption & Dynamics, 2.4.3 Gravel pack design & evaluation, 1.8 Formation Damage
- Productivity Decline, Open Hole Gravel Pack, Deepwater, Geomechanics, Cased Hole FracPack
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The objective of this work is to assess the impact on productivity decline of altering the completion type in a deepwater Miocene reservoir. Typically to date, these types of assets have utilized Cased Hole FracPack (CHFP) completions as a basis of design. Wells in the Gulf of Mexico targeting the deepwater Miocene plays have seen significant Productivity Index (PI) decline within the first few years of production.
Open Hole Gravel Pack (OHGP) and Open Hole FracPack (OHFP) completion types were selected as potential alternatives to CHFP. A coupled well, reservoir and geomechanical model was created to assess the impact of multiple potential damage components on matching the observed inflow performance from production logs. The model assesses probabilistically the weighting of each of six damage mechanisms (creep, fracture conductivity, fines migration, fracture connectivity, off-plane perforation contribution and drilling/completion fluid damage) on well performance. Based on this weighting, an assessment can then be made of their impact on the alternate completion types.
Previous studies (Knobles et al. 2017) have indicated that cased hole completions are particularly susceptible to PI decline. Specifically, when unpropped perforation tunnels collapse, they reduce the inflow area into the wellbore and create a flow restriction. In higher permeability formations, the perforations not connected to the fracture (i.e. off-plane perforations) can contribute a significant portion of the well's production. It is important to note that if the connectivity and packing of the perforations is optimized and fracture is placed to within design specifications, little PI decline is observed. However, in the real world, this is not always the case. Three wells were used in this analysis. Two wells where decline was observed and a third well where no significant decline was observed. Results from the study indicated that if the two underperforming wells had utilized an OHGP completion, the PI degradation would have been mitigated. However, the upside production seen from the third well would not be attainable had the well been completed as an OHGP on an equivalent well trajectory. The results of the study also indicated that minimizing the drilling damage would be integral to the success of the OHGP completion in comparison to optimizing the completion placement in a CHFP.
The paper addresses a significant issue of PI decline affecting deepwater wells and presents a potential remediation technique based on alternate completion types. The paper also presents a new methodology based on Design of Experiment to assess the contribution of various damage mechanism while incorporating the uncertainty around each based on available measurements.