A Multimeasurement Core-Log Integration for Advanced Formation Evaluation of Oil Shale Formations: A Green River Formation Case Study
- Stacy Lynn Reeder (Schlumberger) | Robert L. Kleinberg (Schlumberger) | Badarinadh Vissapragada (Schlumberger) | Malka Machlus (Schlumberger) | Michael M. Herron (Schlumberger) | Alan Burnham (American Oil Shale LLC) | Pierre Allix (Total Exploration and Production)
- Document ID
- Society of Petrophysicists and Well-Log Analysts
- Publication Date
- June 2013
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 258 - 273
- 2013. Society of Petrophysicists & Well Log Analysts
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- 350 since 2007
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Historically, well-logging and interpretation workflows have been developed mainly for use in porous and permeable reservoir formations and are not commonly used to evaluate source rocks or unconventional reservoirs. Instead, the evaluation of oil shales, such as the organicrich deposits of the Green River Formation, has relied primarily on expensive and inefficient core analyses, such as the Fischer assay, and simple log interpretation. With the potential oil equivalent in place exceeding a trillion barrels, there is a need for detailed characterization of these oil shale deposits using high-resolution well logs.
We have logged two Green River Formation wells using combinations of standard and advanced logging techniques. This program was supported by extensive core analysis, including Fischer assay and thorough mineralogical and chemical analyses. Methods of determining kerogen content from log responses were developed along with multiple methods of estimating a continuous log of formation-water salinity. We developed methods for quantitatively evaluating these Green River Formation oil shales by integrating standard logs with more advanced logging measurements including nuclear magnetic resonance, elemental capture and inelastic spectroscopy, and dielectric dispersion. The results and the petrophysically derived multimineral model are validated by the core measurements and then applied to a nearby well.
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