An Approximate Method for Non -Darcy Radial Gas Flow
- G. Rowan (The British Petroleum Co. Ltd., Bp Research Center) | M.W. Clegg (The British Petroleum Co. Ltd., Bp Research Center)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Society of Petroleum Engineers Journal
- Publication Date
- June 1964
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 96 - 114
- 1964. Original copyright American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Inc. Copyright has expired.
- 6.5.3 Waste Management, 4.6 Natural Gas, 4.3.4 Scale, 5.6.4 Drillstem/Well Testing, 5.2.2 Fluid Modeling, Equations of State
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Approximate analytical solutions for non-Darcy radial gas flow are derived for bounded and infinite reservoirs producing at either constant rate or constant pressure. These analytical solutions are compared with published results for non-Darcy flow obtained on digital and analogue computers, and the agreement is shown to be very good. Some observations on the interpretation of gas well tests are made.
The flow of gases in porous media is a problem that has been the subject of much study in recent years , and many methods have been proposed for solving the non-linear equations associated with it. The assumption that the flow satisfies Darcy's Law
leads to a non-linear equation of the form
in a homogeneous medium , assuming an equation of state (3)
It has been observed, however, that the linear relationship between the flow rate and pressure gradient is only approximately valid even at low flow rates, and that as the flow rate increases the deviations from linearity also increase. It has been suggested by a number of authors that Darcy's Law should be replaced by a quadratic flow law of the form
This form of equation was first suggested by Forchheimer and, later, Katz and Cornell, and Irmay, developed a similar equation. Houpeurt derived this form of equation using the concept of an idealized pore system in which each channel consists of sequences of truncated cones giving rise to successive restrictive orifices along the channel. This type of representation leads to a quadratic flow law of type , for all fluids, but it is found that the quadratic term is only significant in the case of gas flow. The methods of Houpeurt for solving gas flow problems will be discussed further in another section of this paper.
Solutions of the non-linear equation for Darcy gas flow may be classified as either computer (digital and analogue), or approximate analytical ones. The former include the well-known solutions of Bruce et al., and Aronofsky and Jenkins, but the latter solutions, apart from the simple linearization of equation  to yield a diffusion equation in p2, are not so well-known.
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