History Matching in Two-Phase Petroleum Reservoirs: Incompressible Flow
- Bruno van den Bosch (Essochem Europe Inc.) | John H. Seinfeld (California Institute Of Technology)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Society of Petroleum Engineers Journal
- Publication Date
- December 1977
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 398 - 406
- 1977. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.5.8 History Matching, 1.10.1 Drill string components and drilling tools (tubulars, jars, subs, stabilisers, reamers, etc), 5.1 Reservoir Characterisation, 5.2.1 Phase Behavior and PVT Measurements
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The estimation of porosity, absolute permeability, and relative permeability-saturation relations in a two-phase petroleum reservoir is considered The data available for estimation are assumed to be the oil flow rates and the pressures at the wells. A situation in which the reservoir may be represented by incompressible flow of oil and water also is considered. A hypothetical, circular reservoir with a centrally located producing well is studied in detail. In principle, the porosity can be estimated on the basis of saturation behavior, absolute permeability on The basis of pressure behavior, and permeability on The basis of pressure behavior, and coefficients in the relative permeability-saturation relations on the basis of both saturation and pressure behavior. The ability to achieve good pressure behavior. The ability to achieve good estimates was found to depend on the nature of the flow in a given situation.
The estimation of petroleum reservoir properties on the basis of data obtained during production, so-called history matching, has received considerable attention. By and large, the development of theories for history matching and their application have been confined to reservoirs that can be modeled as containing a single phase. (Wasserman et al. considered the estimation of absolute permeability and porosity in a three-phase reservoir permeability and porosity in a three-phase reservoir by the use of pseudo single-phase model.) Since in the single-phase case only a single partial-differential equation is needed to describe partial-differential equation is needed to describe the reservoir, identification techniques can be tested most conveniently on such a system. The customary parameters to be estimated are the rock porosity (or the storage coefficient) and the porosity (or the storage coefficient) and the directional permeabilities (or the transmissibilities), which are not uniform throughout the reservoir but a function of location. The history matching of single-phase reservoirs through the estimation of these functional properties now appears to be understood quite well. Numerical algorithms have been thoroughly studied and tested. The most difficult aspect is the ill-conditioned nature of the problem arising from the large number of unknowns problem arising from the large number of unknowns relative to the available data. A recent study has elucidated the basic structure of single-phase history-matching problems and has shown how the degree of ill-conditioning may be assessed quantitatively.
Reservoirs generally contain more than one fluid phase, however, and consequently are described by phase, however, and consequently are described by mathematical models accounting for the multiphase nature of the system. The porosity and absolute permeabilities still must be estimated as in the permeabilities still must be estimated as in the single-phase case. In addition, it may be necessary to estimate the relative permeability-saturation relationships. Ordinarily, relative permeability vs saturation curves are determined through experiments on core samples. Because it may be difficult to reproduce actual reservoir flow conditions in a laboratory core sample, it is desirable to consider the direct estimation of relative permeability-saturation relationships on the basis of permeability-saturation relationships on the basis of reservoir data that ordinarily would be available during the course of production. This paper represents an initial investigation of the complex identification problem in two-phase reservoirs. The major objective problem in two-phase reservoirs. The major objective of this study is to investigate the feasibility of parameter estimation in two-phase reservoirs in parameter estimation in two-phase reservoirs in which the reservoir is described by a two-phase incompressible flow model.
In the next section we present basic equations governing two-phase (oil-water) reservoirs. We first define the general history-matching problem for these reservoirs and then consider a hypothetical reservoir, circularly symmetric with a central producing well in which the flow may be taken as producing well in which the flow may be taken as incompressible. The radial flow reservoir represents a situation in which oil is produced from a water drive. We wanted to estimate reservoir properties based on data obtained at the well. Considering the flow as incompressible enables us to draw a direct comparison to the classic incompressible linear-flow case for which the problem of estimating relative permeabilities is well established. Thus, we permeabilities is well established. Thus, we seek to understand fully the incompressible flow case as a prelude to the general problem of history matching in two-phase compressible flow reservoirs.
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