Phase-Behavior Properties of CO2 - Reservoir Oil Systems
- Ralph Simon (Chevron Oil Field Research Co.) | A. Rosman (Chevron Oil Field Research Co.) | Erdinc Zana (Chevron Oil Field Research Co.)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Society of Petroleum Engineers Journal
- Publication Date
- February 1978
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 20 - 26
- 1978. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.4.2 Gas Injection Methods, 4.1.5 Processing Equipment, 5.2.1 Phase Behavior and PVT Measurements, 5.4 Enhanced Recovery, 5.2.2 Fluid Modeling, Equations of State, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating
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Original manuscript received in Society of Petroleum Engineers office Jan. 14, 1977. Paper accepted for publication Aug. 15, 1977. Revised manuscript received Sept. 21, 1977. Paper (SPE 6387) was presented at the SPE-AIME Permian Basin Oil and Gas Recovery Conference, held in Midland, Tex., March 10-11, 1977.
This paper presents experimental phase behavior data on two CO2-reservoir oil systems at reservoir pressures and temperatures. pressures and temperatures. The data include(1)pressure-composition diagrams with bubble points, dew points, and critical points; (2) vapor-liquid equilibrium compositions and related K values; (3) vapor and liquid densities compared with values calculated by the Redlich-Kwong equation of state; (4) vapor and liquid viscosities compared with predictions by the Lobrenz-Bray-Clark correlation; and (5) interfacial tensions for six vapor-liquid mixtures compared with values calculated by the Weinaug-Katz parachor equation.
These and other published data contribute to development of the generalized correlations needed by reservoir and production engineers for evaluating, designing, and efficiently operating CO2-injection projects. projects
This paper presents experimental phase behavior data for two CO2-reservoir oil systems. These data are used in predicting the performance of CO2 floods with a compositional simulator. The simulator calculates vapor and liquid compositions, densities, viscosities, and interfacial tensions to describe the phase behavior as the injected CO2 advances through phase behavior as the injected CO2 advances through the reservoir. The simulator predictions are used to evaluate proposed projects and to design and efficiently operate approved ones.
The data in this paper consist of pressure-composition diagrams with bubble points, pressure-composition diagrams with bubble points, dew points, and critical points; and compositions, densities, viscosities, and interfacial tensions of vapors and liquids in equilibrium in the two-phase region. These data were obtained by the experimental procedure shown in Fig. 1. procedure shown in Fig. 1. We have compared our measured data with values calculated by existing methods: Redlich-Kwong equation for densities, Lohrenz-Bray-Clark correlation for viscosities, and the Weinaug-Katz parachor equation for interfacial tension. We found parachor equation for interfacial tension. We found that these published methods give acceptable agreement in some areas, but in general, they are not satisfactory for engineering purposes. Therefore, we conclude that improved calculation methods are needed for CO2 systems. For the special case of compositional simulator applications, we devised a technique for obtaining satisfactory calculated density, viscosity, and interfacial tension values. This technique is discussed in the section on "Measurements vs Calculations."
We believe that our data, along with previously published information and information yet to come, published information and information yet to come, will advance the development of satisfactory correlations, thus reducing the need for extensive laboratory studies of individual systems.
PRESSURE-COMPOSITION DIAGRAMS PRESSURE-COMPOSITION DIAGRAMS OIL A
Ten mixtures of CO2 and Reservoir Oil A were prepared. These mixtures contained CO2 concentrations prepared. These mixtures contained CO2 concentrations of 0, 20, 40, 55, 60, 65. 70, 75, 80, and 90 mol percent. At 130 degrees F, pressure traverses were made with each mixture. These traverses started in the single-phase region at a pressure above the bubble (or dew) points and lowered the pressure in discrete steps, passing from the single-phase into the two-phase region. At each step, the vapor and liquid volumes were measured. The results are described in Fig. 2A. At 130 degrees F, the critical point of the CO2-Reservoir Oil A system (where intensive properties of the gas and liquid phases were equal) properties of the gas and liquid phases were equal) is 2,570 psia and 60-mol percent CO2.
Eight mixtures of CO2 and Reservoir Oil B also were prepared and studied in the visual cell at 255 degrees F. CO2 concentrations for these mixtures were 0, 20, 40, 55, 65, 75, 80, and 85 mol percent. The pressure was varied from 800 to 6,100 psia, and the pressure was varied from 800 to 6,100 psia, and the relative vapor and liquid volumes measured. The results are given in Fig. 2B. The critical point of the CO2-Reservoir Oil B system at 255 degrees F is 4,890 psia and 74-mol percent CO2. psia and 74-mol percent CO2. SPEJ
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