The Effect of Slant Hole, Drainhole, and Lateral Hole Drilling on Well Productivity
- Alvin E. Roemershauser (Louisiana State U.) | Murray F. Hawkins Jr. (Louisiana State U.)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- February 1955
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 11 - 14
- 1955. Original copyright American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Inc. Copyright has expired.
- 4.2 Pipelines, Flowlines and Risers, 2 Well Completion, 2.2.2 Perforating, 5.2 Reservoir Fluid Dynamics, 4.3.4 Scale, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 1.10.1 Drill string components and drilling tools (tubulars, jars, subs, stabilisers, reamers, etc)
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Methods have been developed for drilling (a) slant holes and (b) one or more curved holes from a common central hole in producing formations. These wells will have productivities exceeding that of a single hole drilled normal to and fully penetrating the producing stratum. other factors being equal. This increase is due to the decrease in resistance to flow in the vicinity of the wellbore by an increase in the cross section exposed to flow with increasing footage drilled in the formation and due to the geometrical arrangement of the holes with respect to the drainage radius or boundary. Where other factors are not equal, for example, where zonal damage exists in the single, fully penetrating hole but not in the slant or curved holes, additional increases in productivity will accrue.
Many of these wells have been drilled in the past and are currently being drilled with various results reported. While the authors are aware of some of the practical aspects of drilling and completing these multiple. curved holes, it is their hope to provide some basic data on the improvement in productivity to be anticipated in these wells for a number of hole arrangements or patterns.
Electric analogue or model studies have been used for solving some reservoir fluid flow problems in which the mathematical solutions are unknown, too approximate or too complex. For example, recent studies have used this method to determine the effect of shot density, diameter, and depth of penetration of gun perforations on well productivity. The success of these studies depends upon the analogy between Ohm's Law for electrical flow and Darcy's Law for incompressible fluid flow in homogeneous rock. Where a geometrical scale reduction is desired, a single scale factor is applied to all dimensions.
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