Analysis of the Influence of Fluid Flow on the Plasticity of Porous Rock Under an Axially Symmetric Punch
- Milos Kojic (Rice U.) | J.B. Cheatham Jr. (Rice U.)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Society of Petroleum Engineers Journal
- Publication Date
- June 1974
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 271 - 278
- 1974. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 1.5 Drill Bits, 1.10 Drilling Equipment, 1.11 Drilling Fluids and Materials, 1.6 Drilling Operations
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A number of problems occur in the fields of drilling and rock mechanics for which consideration must be given to the interaction of fluid flow and rock deformation. Such problems include those of borehole stability, chip removal from under a drill bit, drilling in the presence of a fluid pressure gradient between the drilling fluid and formation fluid, and drilling by use of hydraulic jets. We have recently developed a general theory of the influence of fluid pressure gradients and gravity on the plasticity of porous media. The solution of the problem considered here serves as an example of the application of that theory. The illustrative problem is to determine the load required on a flat problem is to determine the load required on a flat axially symmetric punch for incipient plasticity of the porous medium under the punch when fluid flows through the bottom face of the punch. The rock is assumed to behave as a Coulomb plastic material under the influence of body forces plastic material under the influence of body forces due to fluid pressure gradients and gravity. Numerical methods that have been used by Cox et al. for analyzing axially symmetric plastic deformation in soils with gravity force are applied to the problem considered here. Involved is an iterative process for determining the slip lines. The fluid flow field 'used for calculating the fluid pressure gradient is based upon the work by Ham pressure gradient is based upon the work by Ham in his study of the potential distribution ahead of the bit in rotary drilling. The effective stresses in the porous rock and the punch force for incipient plasticity are computed in terms of the fluid plasticity are computed in terms of the fluid pressure and the cohesive strength and internal pressure and the cohesive strength and internal friction of the rock.
PLASTICITY OF POROUS MEDIA PLASTICITY OF POROUS MEDIA A recently developed general theory of plasticity of porous media under the influence of fluid flow is summarized in this section. The equation of motion for the porous solid for the case of incipient plastic deformation reduces to the following equilibrium equation:
where Ts is the partial stress tensor of the solid; Fs is the body force acting on the solid per unit volume of the solid material; P is the interaction force between the solid and the fluid; and is the porosity, which is defined as the ratio of the pore porosity, which is defined as the ratio of the pore volume to the total volume of the solid-fluid mixture. The partial stress tensor Ts can be considered as the effective stress tensor that is used in sod mechanics. With the acceptance of the effective stress principle defined in Ref. 5, the yield function, f, in the following form is satisfied for plastic deformation of the porous medium. plastic deformation of the porous medium.
where EP is the plastic strain tensor and K and the work-hardening parameter. From the equation of motion for the fluid, the interaction force P can be expressed in the form
where is the inertial force of the fluid per unit volume of the mixture and F is the body force acting on the fluid per unit volume of fluid. For the case of incipient plastic deformation the solid can be considered static (velocities of the solid particles are zero), and the problem of determining particles are zero), and the problem of determining the fluid flow field is the one usually analyzed in petroleum engineering. petroleum engineering. Consider a flow of be fluid such that the inertial forces of the fluid can be neglected and assume that Darcy's law is applicable.
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