Viscosity of Hydrocarbon Gases Under Pressure
- Norman L. Carr (Illinois Institute of Technology) | Riki Kobayashi (The Rice Institute) | David B. Burrows (Continental Oil Co.)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- October 1954
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 47 - 55
- 1954. Original copyright American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Inc. Copyright has expired.
- 5.3 Reservoir Fluid Dynamics
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The viscosity of hydrocarbon mixtures, whether in the gas or liquid phase, is a function of pressure, temperature, and phase composition. This paper presents methods for the prediction of the viscosity of the gas or less dense fluid phase over the practical range of pressure, temperature, and phase compositions encountered in surface and subsurface petroleum production operations. The correlation necessary to predict the effect of pressure on viscosities is presented in Part I. Serious discrepancies in high pressure gas viscosity data in the literature are discussed.
The application of the correlation to predict absolute viscosities is discussed in Part II. Auxiliary correlations are presented to enable calculations of viscosities from a knowledge of the pressure, temperature, and gravity of the gas phase.
A knowledge of the viscosity of hydrocarbon fluids is needed to study the dynamical or flow behavior of these mixtures through pipes, porous media, or more generally wherever transport of momentum occurs in fluid motion. Since flow is predominantly in the laminar region in petroleum reservoirs, the influence of fluid viscosity on this flow is especially important.
As early as 1894, Onnes and Onnes and de Haas noted that the viscosities of homologs under corresponding states could be correlated. The theorem of corresponding states has been further developed and applied to the viscosity of pure, nonpolar gases under pressure by Comings, Mayland, and Egly.
Serious discrepancies in the viscosity of pure hydrocarbon gases at high pressures have been called to our attention by Comings, Mayland, and Egly. They made a careful analysis of the following methods commonly used to measure gas viscosities:
1. Oscillating disc viscometer.
2. Rolling ball viscometer.
3. Capillary tube viscometer
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