Simultaneous Determination of Basic Geometrical Characteristics of Porous Media
- Candelario Perez-Rosales (Instituto Mexicano Del Petroleo)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Society of Petroleum Engineers Journal
- Publication Date
- December 1969
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 413 - 416
- 1969. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 1.2.3 Rock properties, 5.1 Reservoir Characterisation
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A statistical method for determining simultaneously some of the basic geometrical characteristics of porous media such as porosity, specific surface, porous media such as porosity, specific surface, mean pore with, mean grain thickness and absolute permeability is presented. The proposed method is permeability is presented. The proposed method is characterized by its simplicity and the minimum amount of laboratory equipment that it requires. The experimental procedure used to evaluate the various geometrical characteristics is based upon the surface analysis of a sample. in view of this fact the applicability of the method is limited to homogeneous and isotropic materials.
The behavior of a fluid flowing through a porous medium depends, among other things, upon the internal geometry of the medium; hence the importance of developing efficient methods to determine the geometrical properties of porous materials. . This paper describes a statistical method to determine simultaneously some of the basic geometrical properties of porous materials such as porosity, specific surface, mean pore width, mean grain thickness and absolute permeability. The mathematical formulation has been developed that the data required to calculate the various geometrical characteristics of a sample can be easily measured by analyzing a section of the sample with an evenly spaced grid.
A simple way of obtaining information about the internal geometry of a porous material is to throw a point at random over a cross-section of a sample. point at random over a cross-section of a sample. Through this procedure the porosity can be determined. By considering that the material is homogeneous and isotropic, and that the point is dropped many times, the porosity is given by
where N is the total number of times the point is thrown and n is the number of times the point falls within pore areas. Another simple manner of analyzing the structural characteristics of a porous material is to superimpose an arbitrarily long line on a cross-section so that its length is evenly distributed over the surface area. Through this procedure the porosity can also be determined. If L is the total length of the line, and l is the sum of the lengths of the line segments within void spaces, the porosity is given by
The advantage of this type of analysis is that geometrical characteristics other than porosity can be obtained. Thus, if c represents the number of intersections between the line and the perimeter of pores, it can be shown that the specific surface, pores, it can be shown that the specific surface, defined as the surface area of pores per unit bulk volume, is given by
To give a proper description of the internal geometry of a porous medium, it is necessary to define quantities that characterize the notions of pore size and grain size. Unfortunately, because of pore size and grain size. Unfortunately, because of the complexity of porous materials, it is difficult to give exact geometrical definitions of what is meant by the concepts of "pores" and "grains", especially when dealing with consolidated materials. Nevertheless, one often talks about the "size of pores" and the "size of grains" without defining accurately the terms. In possible solution to this problem follows. Assume that an arbitrarily long line is placed on a section of a sample so that the line is evenly distributed over the surface area (see Fig. 1). In a system like this, each line segment within a void space will be, by definition, the pore width in a given location and direction.
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