Application of the Material Balance Equation to a Partial Water-Drive Reservoir
- A.F. Van Everdingen (Shell Oil Co.) | E.H. Timmerman (Shell Oil Co.) | J.J. McMahon (Shell Oil Co.)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- February 1953
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 51 - 60
- 1953. Original copyright American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Inc. Copyright has expired.
- 5.2 Reservoir Fluid Dynamics, 4.6 Natural Gas, 4.1.5 Processing Equipment, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 2.4.3 Sand/Solids Control, 5.1.2 Faults and Fracture Characterisation, 5.2.1 Phase Behavior and PVT Measurements
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The present paper contains a method which combines the material balance equation with the water influx equation to obtain reliable values for the active oil originally in place and a quantitative evaluation of the cumulative water influx. The method is illustrated by an application to a reservoir without original gas cap. In the absence of an original gas cap, results may be obtained using only field production and pressure data, PVT analyses, and a minimum of subsurface information.
Characteristics of Reservoir and Reservoir Fluids
Production in the field under review is obtained from the top of the Wilcox formation of Eocene age, at a depth of approximately 8,100 ft subsea. The structural map, Fig. 1, shows that the accumulation, half elliptical in shape with the long axis in east-west direction, is trapped to the north and on the upthrown side of a normal fault. A number of east-west faults with additional minor faulting in random directions are found in the general area, and seismic information and production performance indicate in this particular case the existence of a second fault a short distance downdip, with a strike more or less parallel to the fault controlling the accumulation. It is estimated that 1,830 acres were originally underlain by oil and that the maximum thickness of the original oil column, about 37 ft, was only slightly greater than the maximum thickness of the oil-bearing sand. Maximum net sand thickness was estimated at approximately 26 ft. From logging and subsurface information the gross sand volume has been placed at 37,400 acre-ft, which reduces to about 27,500 acre-ft after probable non-productive intervals have been deducted. The following table presents laboratory analyses data for the Wilcox sand cores.
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