Aquifer Behavior with Injection
- E.J. Bonet (Petrobras) | Paul B. Crawford (Texas A and M U.)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- September 1969
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 1,210 - 1,216
- 1969. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 4.1.2 Separation and Treating
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- 258 since 2007
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The injection of water at substantial distances from the oil-water contact may cause only 10 to 50 percent of the injected water actually to advance the oil-water contact. The remainder of the water serves to increase the pressure in the aquifer, and its effect is dissipated in the pore volume-compressibility term.
It is fairly common practice to reinject water into the aquifer near the oil-water interface in water-drive reservoirs. There have been many studies of aquifer behavior without reinjection, but apparently no analytical studies have been made to indicate performance when injection wells are present in the performance when injection wells are present in the aquifer.
The diffusivity equation may be used to describe the pressure behavior in an aquifer. When sources are present it can be written as present it can be written as (1)
A general solution of Eq. 1 may be obtained as the sum of two solutions. One is a general solution of the homogeneous equation, obtained by dropping the source term in Eq. 1 and still satisfying the required boundary conditions. Another is a general solution of Eq. 1 satisfying homogeneous boundary conditions. The first solution, which corresponds to the aquifer without reinjection, has been given quantitative and qualitative treatment in the literature. The latter solution will be treated here.
Solutions with variable injection rates are obtained by superimposing solutions with constant rates, so we have considered only the latter.
Five cases have been treated here:
1. A linear aquifer of finite width and extent. Water is injected into the aquifer at point xo, yo at constant rate. The pressure along the line x = 0 is maintained at zero pressure. (See Fig. 1.) Equations showing the pressure distribution, rates, velocity and cumulative pressure distribution, rates, velocity and cumulative influx have been developed. Certain numerical results are shown.
2. A linear aquifer of finite width and extent. Water is injected into the aquifer at point xo, yo at constant rate. The rate of production along the oil-water water contact is maintained constant. Equations showing the pressure distribution inside the aquifer are presented. pressure distribution inside the aquifer are presented. 3. A linear aquifer of finite width and extent. Constant pressures are maintained at opposite ends of the aquifer. Water is injected at constant rates at point xo, yo. Equations showing the pressure distribution are shown.
4. A linear aquifer of finite width and infinite extent. The pressure is maintained constant at the oil-water contact. Water is injected at a constant rate at point xo, yo.
5. A linear aquifer of finite width and finite extent. The pressure at the oil-water contact is maintained constant. Water is injected at constant rate per unit length along a fine xo.
The Linear Aquifer
The linear closed aquifer, performing at constant terminal pressure was selected as the first case to be analyzed. The development of the equations is based on uniform injection per unit of thickness, and gravity effects are neglected.
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