E and P Safety Performance Monitoring
- J.P. Visser (Shell Intl. Petroleum Mij. B.V.) | R.C. Asgil (Shell Intl. Petroleum Mij. B.V.) | Geoffrey Thorp (Oil Industry Intl. E and P Forum)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- January 1993
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 72 - 76
- 1993. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 6.1 HSSE & Social Responsibility Management, 6.1.5 Human Resources, Competence and Training, 6.1.2 HSSE Reorting, 6.1.2 HSSE Reporting, 6.3.3 Operational Safety, 1.6 Drilling Operations
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Safety program management needs a form of statistical analysis to chartprogram progress and to measure its efficacy. While detailed analysis isrequired by safety officers to define causes and thus remedial action,management requires broader, simpler data that are unambiguous and easy tointerpret, first at the company level then at a wider regional or nationallevel for comparison purposes. The Oil Industry Intl. E and P Forum developed asimple reporting system with data provided by its members that fulfills theseneeds and gives its users a consistent set of data from a significant samplesize that industry can use as a yardstick and indicator of trends.
Increasing Safety Awareness. Significant advances in recent years haveraised the standard of safety in the E and P industry. The Piper Alpha accidentin 1988 and other serious accidents Piper Alpha accident in 1988 and otherserious accidents demonstrated the dangers inherent in the search for andproduction of oil and gas. The need for continued vigilance and increasedeffort to improve safety performance in the E and P industry is clear. Safetynow has a status equal to other primary business objectives in many operatingcompanies. It is becoming widely accepted that accident prevention is goodbusiness practice and that a safe operation is usually an efficient operation.Safety programs are being implemented that involve all employees from topprograms are being implemented that involve all employees from top managementto the workplace, and benefits are being realized.
Importance of Safety Data. The effectiveness of any safety program must bemonitored continuously. Accident statistics play program must be monitoredcontinuously. Accident statistics play important roles as prime indicators ofsafety performance. Statistics, part of the safety management process, indicatewhether safety programs are successful and highlight areas of weakness, be iton a company-, country-, or worldwide basis. Statistical information alone,significant as it is, tells little about how accidents occur or about how toreduce the number of injuries. Detailed analysis of the accident cause isrequired to achieve these goals and to take appropriate remedial actions.Statistics are, however, an essential link in the safety management process(Fig. 1). Without this link, it is impossible to measure performanceaccurately, and without this feedback, there is no realistic hope of managingsafety professionally.
Different Standards. Some individual companies have made significantimprovements in the collection and analysis of accident data. In these cases,detailed analysis is carried out that yields guidance on trends, relationships,and causes of accidents. These data-collection improvements still are isolated,and the data collected are not consistent in the industry. Worldwide, there aremany different approaches to safety data collection, often dictated by legalrequirements in the country concerned. This restricts collection of common,industry-wide safety data and makes performance comparisons worldwide difficultand unreliable, if not misleading. Thus, considerable doubts have beenexpressed, both in and outside the industry, about the usefulness of availableindustry safety statistics, particularly because under-reporting has occurredin the past.
Need for a Common Approach. It therefore is clear that, in the short term,any attempt to collect consistent data industry-wide must be tailored to suitthe information that is readily available. If statistics are to be used tomonitor industry safety performance, it is extremely important that common andconsistent performance, it is extremely important that common and consistentrecords be collected industrywide. Confidence in industry safety performancewill not grow until a set of accident figures is performance will not growuntil a set of accident figures is available that honestly reflects industrystatus with respect to safety performance. If the industry cannot accuratelymeasure performance, it cannot manage it. Furthermore, the commitment toperformance, it cannot manage it. Furthermore, the commitment to safety appearsextremely hollow if performance data are not available to back it up. A commonsystem for the industry therefore is essential and would be a useful toot toguide national and international authorities considering setting up their ownaccident recording and reporting systems.
Rationalization of Existing Data
The reliability of a safety reporting system is not improved solely by thecollection of more data. What is required is rationalization of available data.The collection of whole number counts in a limited number of groups is all thatcan be obtained currently given the quality and diversity of data available.However, industry-wide, this is still of significant value and may be all thatcan be practically expected in the short term.
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