Oil/water dispersions from two oils of different viscosities (16 and 220 cp), equal surface tensions (27 mN/m), and similar densities (810 and 873 kg/m3) were circulated in a viscous loop using an electrical submersible pump (ESP). The viscosity of the formed dispersions was measured at the discharge of the pump using an in-line pipe viscometer. The objective was to evaluate the impact of the effective viscosity of the emulsions on the head and flow rate delivered by the ESP.
Arirachakaran, S., Oglesby, K. D., Malinowsky, M. S. et al. 1989. An Analysis of Oil/Water Flow Phenomena in Horizontal Pipes. Paper presented at the SPE Production Operations Symposium, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA, 13–14 March. SPE-18836-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/18836-MS.
Brito, R. 2012. Effect of Medium Oil Viscosity on Two-Phase Oil-Gas Flow Behavior in Horizontal Pipes. MS thesis. University of Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA.
Colebrook, C. F. 1939. Turbulent Flow in Pipes with Particular Reference to the Transition Region Between the Smooth and Rough Pipe Laws. Jour Inst Civil Eng (London) 11 (4): 133–156. https://doi.org/10.1680/ijoti.1939.13150.
ISOPAR-V is a trademark of ExxonMobil Corporation, 5959 Las Colinas Blvd., Irving, Texas, USA 75039.
Laflin, G. C. and Oglesby, K. D. 1976. An Experimental Study on the Effects of Flow Rate, Water Fraction and Gas Liquid Ratio on Air-Oil-Water Flow in Horizontal Pipes. BSc thesis, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA.
Soleimani, A. 1999. Phase Distribution and Associated Phenomena in Oil-Water Flows in Horizontal Tubes. PhD dissertation, Imperial College, University of London, London, UK.
Takacs, G. and Turzo, Z. 2000. Equations Correct Centrifugal Pump Curves for Viscosity. Oil & Gas J. 98 (22): 57–61.
Torres-Monzon, C. F. 2006. Modeling of Oil-Water Flow in Horizontal and Near Horizontal Pipes. PhD dissertation, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA.
Vielma, J. C. 2006. Rheological Behavior of Oil-Water Dispersion Flow in Horizontal Pipes. MS thesis, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA (August 2006).
Vielma, C. 2007. Characterization of Oil-Water Flows in Horizontal Pipes. MS thesis, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA.
White, F. M. 1998. Fluid Mechanics. Boston, Massachusetts, USA: McGraw-Hill.