Effect of GOR on Gas Diffusivity in Reservoir-Fluid Systems
- Ram R. Ratnakar (Shell International Exploration and Production) | Birol Dindoruk (Shell International Exploration and Production)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- February 2020
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 185 - 196
- 2020.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Henry's constant, pressure-decay test, late transient solution, diffusivity, gas-to-oil ratio
- 7 in the last 30 days
- 116 since 2007
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Molecular diffusion plays a dominant role in various reservoir processes, especially in the absence of convective mixing. In general, gas diffusion in oils depends on several factors such as pressure, temperature, oil viscosity, and gas/oil ratio (GOR). Out of these factors, the effects of GOR and live-oil-compositional changes on diffusivity are rare or not available in the literature. The current work fills this gap and presents the experimental observations on the effect of GOR on gas diffusivity in reservoir-fluid systems.
Synthetic live oils were created by combining stock-tank oil (STO) and methane in various ratios. Constant-composition-expansion (CCE) experiments were performed with these oils to obtain their bubblepoints and liquid densities in relation to GOR. Methane diffusivity in these oils was obtained from pressure-decay (PD) tests at high-pressure/high-temperature (HP/HT) conditions. The diffusion and solubility parameters were estimated from PD data using the diffusion model and integral-based linear regression presented in previous work (Ratnakar and Dindoruk 2015, 2018). The experimental and modeling methodologies are presented here in sufficient detail to allow readers to replicate and evaluate the results.
In this work, we experimentally investigated the effect of GOR on methane diffusivity in oils at HP/HT conditions using PD tests. In particular,
- We present experimental data for bubblepoints and liquid density of synthetic oils with various GOR values. For the range of GORs considered, these measurements show that the bubblepoint pressure increases linearly with GOR.
- Late-transient solution (LTS) of the PD model was used to obtain diffusivity parameters by regressing against experimental data. It is found that as the GOR value increases (that is, when oil becomes lighter), the diffusivity value increases, which is in accordance with the Stokes-Einstein relation.
- Most importantly, an empirical correlation is developed on the basis of a limited data set to describe the variation in diffusivity values with GOR. This can be important when experimental data are available for the STO but not for the live oils. It can also be extremely useful in gas-injection processes where the amount of gas dissolved in the oil varies, leading to variations in diffusivity.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||12|
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