Investigation of Production-Induced Stress Changes for Infill-Well Stimulation in Eagle Ford Shale
- Xuyang Guo (Texas A&M University) | Kan Wu (Texas A&M University) | John Killough (Texas A&M University)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- August 2018
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 1,372 - 1,388
- 2018.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Infill well stimulation, Eagle Ford Shale, Coupled flow and geomechanics, Non-uniform hydraulic fracture geometry, Production-induced stress change
- 7 in the last 30 days
- 437 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 12.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 35.00|
Heterogeneous stress has a great effect on fracture propagation and perforation-cluster efficiency of infill wells. Principal-stress reorientation induced by depletion of parent wells has been investigated by previous numerical studies assuming uniform biwing fracture geometry along the horizontal wells. However, recent field diagnostics indicate that fractures along the horizontal wells are generally nonuniformly developed. In this study, we investigated the impact of depletion of parent wells with complex fracture geometry on stress states, and analyzed stimulation efficiency of infill wells by using an in-house reservoir geomechanical model for Eagle Ford Shale.
The model fully couples multiphase flow and rock deformation in three dimensions based on the finite-element method, incorporating complex fracture geometry and heterogeneity. We used this model to accurately characterize pressure distribution and to update stress states through history matching production data of parent wells in Eagle Ford Shale. Depletion of parent wells with nonuniform fracture geometries, which has not been researched thoroughly in the literature, is incorporated in the study. Results show that magnitude and orientation of principal stresses are greatly altered by depletion, and the alteration is uneven because of nonuniform fracture geometries. Stress reversal monitored at the center of the infill location starts after 1 year of production, and it takes another 8 months to be totally reversed for 90°. We also performed sensitivity studies to examine effects of parameters on changes of magnitude and orientation of stress at the infill location, and found that effects of bottomhole pressure (BHP), differential stress (DS), and fracture geometry of parent wells are all significant, whereas effects of the reservoir elastic property are limited. Effects of production time of parent wells are also noticeable in all sensitivity studies. This work analyzes stress-state change induced by depletion of parent wells in Eagle Ford Shale, and provides critical insights into the optimization for stimulation of infill wells.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||17|
Abousleiman, Y., Cheng, A. D., Cui, L. et al. 1996. Mandel’s Problem Revisited. Geotechnique 46 (2): 187–195. https://doi.org/10.1680/geot.19220.127.116.11.
An, C., Fang, Y., Liu, S. et al. 2017. Impacts of Matrix Shrinkage and Stress Changes on Permeability and Gas Production of Organic-Rich Shale Reservoirs. Presented at the SPE Reservoir Characterization and Simulation Conference and Exhibition, Abu Dhabi, 8–10 May. SPE-186029-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/186029-MS.
Anderson, D. M., Thompson, J. M., Cadwallader, S. D. et al. 2016. Maximizing Productive Stimulated Reservoir Volume in the Eagle Ford—An Infill Case Study. Presented at the Unconventional Resources Technology Conference, San Antonio, Texas, USA, 1–3 August. https://doi.org/10.15530/urtec-2016-2430961.
Bangerth, W., Hartmann, R., and Kanschat, G. 2007. DEAL. II—A General-Purpose Object-Oriented Finite Element Library. ACM Trans. on Mathematical Software (TOMS) 33 (4). https://doi.org/10.1145/1268776.1268779.
Bhardwaj, P., Hwang, J., Manchanda, R. et al. 2016. Injection Induced Fracture Propagation and Stress Reorientation in Waterflooded Reservoirs. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Dubai, 26–28 September. SPE-181883-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/181883-MS.
Blanco-Marti´n, L., Rutqvist, J., Doughty, C. et al. 2016. Coupled Geomechanics and Flow Modeling of Thermally Induced Compaction in Heavy Oil Diatomite Reservoirs Under Cyclic Steaming. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering 147: 474–484. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2016.09.002.
Chavez Urbina, G. A. 2016. Eagle Ford Shale: Evaluation of Companies and Well Productivity. MS thesis. The University of Texas at Austin.
Chueh, C. C., Secanell, M., Bangerth, W. et al. 2010. Multi-Level Adaptive Simulation of Transient Two-Phase Flow in Heterogeneous Porous Media. Computers & Fluids 39 (9): 1585–1596. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compfluid.2010.05.011.
Dean, R. H., Gai, X., Stone, C. M. et al. 2006. A Comparison of Techniques for Coupling Porous Flow and Geomechanics. SPE J. 11 (1): 132–140. SPE-79709-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/79709-PA.
Dean, R. H. and Schmidt, J. H. 2009. Hydraulic-Fracture Predictions With a Fully Coupled Geomechanical Reservoir Simulator. SPE J. 14 (4): 707–714. SPE-116470-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/116470-PA.
Dixit, P. M. and Dixit, U. S. 2008. Modeling of Metal Forming and Machining Processes: By Finite Element and Soft Computing Methods. Springer Science & Business Media.
Gai, X., Dean, R. H., Wheeler, M. F. et al. 2003. Coupled Geomechanical and Reservoir Modeling on Parallel Computers. Presented at the SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium, Houston, 3–5 February. SPE-79700-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/79700-MS.
Guo, X., Kim, J., and Killough, J. E. 2017. Hybrid MPI-OpenMP Scalable Parallelization for Coupled Non-Isothermal Fluid-Heat Flow and Elastoplastic Geomechanics. Presented at the SPE Reservoir Simulation Conference, Montgomery, Texas, USA, 20–22 February. SPE-182665-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/182665-MS.
Gupta, J., Zielonka, M., Albert, R. A. et al. 2012. Integrated Methodology for Optimizing Development of Unconventional Gas Resources. Presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference, The Woodlands, Texas, USA, 6–8 February. SPE-152224-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/152224-PA.
Huang, J., Ma, X., Safari, R. et al. 2015. Hydraulic Fracture Design Optimization for Infill Wells: An Integrated Geomechanics Workflow. Presented at the 49th US Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, San Francisco, California, USA. 28 June–1 July. ARMA-2015-074.
Hwang, J., Bryant, E. C., and Sharma, M. M. 2015. Stress Reorientation in Waterflooded Reservoirs. Presented at the SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium, Houston, 23–25 February. SPE-173220-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118//173220-MS.
Kim, J., Tchelepi, H. A., and Juanes, R. 2009. Stability, Accuracy and Efficiency of Sequential Methods for Coupled Flow and Geomechanics. Presented at the SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium, The Woodlands, Texas, USA, 2–4 February. SPE-119084-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/119084-MS.
Marongiu-Porcu, M., Lee, D., Shan, D. et al. 2015. Advanced Modeling of Interwell Fracturing Interference: An Eagle Ford Shale Oil Study. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Houston, 28–30 September. SPE-174902-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/174902-MS.
McNamee, J. and Gibson, R. E. 1960a. Displacement Functions and Linear Transforms Applied to Diffusion Through Porous Elastic Media. Quarterly Journal of Mechanics and Applied Mathematics 13 (1): 98–111.
McNamee, J. and Gibson, R. E. 1960b. Plane Strain and Axially Symmetric Problems of the Consolidation of a Semi-Infinite Clay Stratum. Quarterly Journal of Mechanics and Applied Mathematics 13 (2): 210–217.
Minkoff, S. E., Stone, C. M., Bryant, S. et al. 2003. Coupled Fluid Flow and Geomechanical Deformation Modeling. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering 38 (1): 37–56. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0920-4105(03)00021-4.
Okeahialam, I., Yang, M., Shinde, D. B. et al. 2017. Completion Optimization Under Constraints: An Eagle Ford Shale Case Study. SPE Prod & Oper 32 (2): 128–136. SPE-174057-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/174057-PA.
Peaceman, D. W. 1978. Interpretation of Well-Block Pressures in Numerical Reservoir Simulation. SPE J. 18 (3): 183–194. SPE-6893-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/6893-PA.
Roussel, N. P., Florez, H., and Rodriguez, A. A. 2013. Hydraulic Fracture Propagation From Infill Horizontal Wells. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, 30 September–2 October. SPE-166503-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/166503-PA.
Rutqvist, J. and Stephansson, O. 2003. The Role of Hydromechanical Coupling in Fractured Rock Engineering. Hydrogeology Journal 11 (1): 7–40. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10040-002-0241-5.
Rutqvist, J., Rinaldi, A. P., Cappa, F. et al. 2013. Modeling of Fault Reactivation and Induced Seismicity During Hydraulic Fracturing of Shale-Gas Reservoirs. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering 107: 31–44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2013.04.023.
Safari, R., Lewis, R., Ma, X. et al. 2016. Infill-Well Fracturing Optimization in Tightly Spaced Horizontal Wells. SPE J. 22 (2): 582–595. SPE-178513-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/178513-PA.
Shovkun, I. and Espinoza, D. N. 2017. Coupled Fluid Flow-Geomechanics Simulation in Stress-Sensitive Coal and Shale Reservoirs: Impact of Desorption-Induced Stresses, Shear Failure, and Fines Migration. Fuel 195: 260–272. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2017.01.057.
Simpson, M. D., Patterson, R., and Wu, K. 2016. Study of Stress Shadow Effects in Eagle Ford Shale: Insight From Field Data Analysis. Presented at the 50th US Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, Houston, 26–29 June. ARMA-2016-190.
Ugueto, C., Gustavo, A., Huckabee, P. T. et al. 2016. Perforation Cluster Efficiency of Cemented Plug and Perf Limited Entry Completions; Insights From Fiber Optics Diagnostics. Presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference, The Woodlands, Texas, USA, 9–11 February. SPE-179124-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/179124-MS.
Wan, J., Durlofsky, L. J., Hughes, T. J. R. et al. 2003. Stabilized Finite Element Methods for Coupled Geomechanics—Reservoir Flow Simulations. Presented at the SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium, Houston, 3–5 February. SPE-79694-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/79694-MS.
Webster, P., Cox, B., and Molenaar, M. 2013. Developments in Diagnostic Tools for Hydraulic Fracture Geometry Analysis. Presented at the Unconventional Resources Technology Conference, Denver, 12–14 August. URTEC-1619968-MS.
Weijermars, R., Sorek, N., Sen, D. et al. 2017. Eagle Ford Shale Play Economics: U.S. Versus Mexico. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering 38: 345–372. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jngse.2016.12.009.
Weng, X. and Siebrits, E. 2007. Effect of Production-Induced Stress Field on Refracture Propagation and Pressure Response. Presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference, College Station, Texas, USA, 29–31 January. SPE-106043-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/106043-MS.
Wheaton, B. E., Miskimins, J., Barree, R. et al. 2014. Integration of Distributed Temperature and Distributed Acoustic Survey Results With Hydraulic Fracture Modeling: A Case Study in the Woodford Shale. Presented at the Unconventional Resources Technology Conference, Denver, 25–27 August. https://doi.org/10.15530/URTEC-2014-1922140.
Wu, K. and Olson, J. E. 2015. Simultaneous Multifracture Treatments: Fully Coupled Fluid Flow and Fracture Mechanics for Horizontal Wells. SPE J. 20 (2): 337–346. SPE-167626-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/167626-PA.
Wu, K., Olson, J., Balhoff, M. T. et al. 2016. Numerical Analysis for Promoting Uniform Development of Simultaneous Multiple-Fracture Propagation in Horizontal Wells. SPE Prod & Oper 32 (1): 41–50. SPE-174869-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/174869-PA.
Yang, D. 2013. A Simulator With Numerical Upscaling for the Analysis of Coupled Multiphase Flow and Geomechanics in Heterogeneous and Deformable Porous and Fractured Media. PhD dissertation, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/151194.
Yang, D., Moridis, G. J., and Blasingame, T. A. 2014. A Fully Coupled Multiphase Flow and Geomechanics Solver for Highly Heterogeneous Porous Media. Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics 270: 417–432. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cam.2013.12.029.
Zoback, M. D. 2010. Reservoir Geomechanics. Cambridge University Press.