Monolayer Microproppant-Placement Quality Using Split-Core-Plug Permeability Measurements Under Stress
- Brice Y. Kim (Texas A&M University) | I. Yucel Akkutlu (Texas A&M University) | Vladimir Martysevich (Halliburton) | Ronald G. Dusterhoft (Halliburton)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- April 2019
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 2019.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Microproppant, Core Analysis, Pulse Decay, Hydraulic Fracturing, Permeability
- 12 in the last 30 days
- 32 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 10.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 30.00|
The stress-dependent permeabilities of split shale core plugs from Eagle Ford, Bakken, and Barnett Formation samples are investigated in the presence of microproppants. An analytical permeability model is developed for the investigation, including the interactions between the fracture walls and monolayer microproppants under stress. The model is then used to analyze a series of pressure-pulse-decay measurements of the propped shale samples in the laboratory. The analysis provides the propped-fracture permeability of the samples and predicts a parameter related to the quality of the proppant areal distribution in the fracture. The proppant-placement quality can be used as a measure of success of the delivery of proppants into microfractures and to design stimulation experiments in the laboratory.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||19|
API RP 40, Recommended Practices for Core Analysis, second edition. 1998. Washington, DC: API.
Calvin, J., Grieser, B., and Bachman, T. 2017. Enhancement of Well Production in the SCOOP Woodford Shale Through the Application of Microproppant. Presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, The Woodlands, Texas, 24–26 January. SPE-184863-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/184863-MS.
Dahl, J., Nguyen, P., Dusterhoft, R. et al. 2015. Application of Micro-Proppant to Enhance Well Production in Unconventional Reservoirs: Laboratory and Field Results. Presented at the SPE Western Regional Meeting, Garden Grove, California, 27–30 April. SPE-174060-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/174060-MS.
Eveline, V. F., Akkutlu, I. Y., and Moridis, G. J. 2017. Numerical Simulation of Hydraulic Fracturing Water Effects on Shale Gas Permeability Alteration. Transp Porous Media 116 (2): 727–752. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11242-016-0798-4.
Gangi, A. F. 1978. Variation of Whole and Fractured Porous Rock Permeability With Confining Pressure. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 15 (5): 249–257. https://doi.org/10.1016/0148-9062(78)90957-9.
Jones, S. C. 1997. A Technique for Faster Pulse-Decay Permeability Measurements in Tight Rocks. SPE Form Eval 12 (1):19–26. SPE-28450-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/28450-PA.
Kwon, O., Kronenberg, A. K., Gangi, A. F. et al. 2004. Permeability of Illite-Bearing Shale: 1. Anisotropy and Effects of Clay Content and Loading. J Geophys Res Solid Earth 109 (B10): B10205. https://doi.org/10.1029/2004jB003055.
Leroy, B. 1985. Collision Between Two Balls Accompanied by Deformation: A Qualitative Approach to Hertz’s Theory. Am J Phys 53 (4): 346–349. https://doi.org/10.1119/1.14164.
Nelson, R. A. 1976. An Experimental Study of Fracture Permeability in Porous Rock. Presented at the 17th US Symposium on Rock Mechanics (USRMS), Snow Bird, Utah, 25–27 August. ARMA-76-0127.
Rassenfoss, S. 2017. Testing Tiny Grains Seeking More Output. J Pet Technol 69 (3): 28–34. SPE-0317-0028-JPT. https://doi.org/10.2118/0317-0028-JPT.
Shi, J.-Q. and Durucan, S. 2016. Near-Exponential Relationship Between Effective Stress and Permeability of Porous Rocks Revealed in Gangi’s Phenomenological Models and Application to Gas Shales. Int J Coal Geol 154–155 (15 January): 111–122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coal.2015.12.014.
Suleimenova, A., Bake, K. D., Ozkan, A. et al. 2014. Acid Demineralization With Critical Point Drying: A Method for Kerogen Isolation That Preserves Microstructure. Fuel 135 (1 November): 492–497. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2014.07.005.
Tinni, A., Fathi, E., Agarwal, R. et al. 2012. Shale Permeability Measurements on Plugs and Crushed Samples. Presented at the SPE Canadian Unconventional Resources Conference, Calgary, 30 October–1 November. SPE-162235-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/162235-MS.
Walsh, J. B. 1981. Effect of Pore Pressure and Confining Pressure on Fracture Permeability. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 18 (5): 429–435. https://doi.org/10.1016/0148-9062(81)90006-1.