The Potential of Using Cr3+/Salt-Tolerant Polymer Gel for Well Workover in Low-Temperature Reservoir: Laboratory Investigation and Pilot Test
- Hu Jia (State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation at Southwest Petroleum University) | Hao Chen (State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation at Southwest Petroleum University)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Production & Operations
- Publication Date
- August 2018
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 569 - 582
- 2018.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- KYPAM polymer, fluid loss control, mature gel, experimental study, workovers
- 3 in the last 30 days
- 240 since 2007
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Using mature Cr3+/partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (HPAM) gel can reduce filtration for water shutoff in the fractured reservoir. Whether the mature gel can act as a fluid-loss-control pill for well-workover operation is worth investigating. In this paper, we start a systematic experimental study to reveal the physical process and fluid-loss-control mechanism of the Cr3+/KYPAM (salt-tolerant polymer) gel used for overbalanced well workover. The polymer gel used in this study is formulated with a combination of 0.4 to 0.6 wt% KYPAM and added 0.02 to 0.04 wt% chromium acetate, which can provide a gelation time between 2 and 4 hours, and with a maximum gel strength of Code G at a temperature of 30°C. Results show that the mature Cr3+/KYPAM gel can withstand positive pressure of 10 MPa for a period of 120 minutes with average fluid-loss volume of 15 cm3 for the core permeability between 9.18 and 217 md, indicating a favorable fluid-loss-control performance. The regained-permeability recovery can reach up to 85% for different core permeabilities. Scanning-electron-microscope (SEM) pictures show that a dense structure was formed in the gel filter cake during fluid-loss experiment. The wettability results show that the core has a greater potential to increase its water-wet ability after interacting with Cr3+/KYPAM mature gel. Field test shows that a small amount of gel leakoff was observed during each reperforation process, whereas water cut decreased from 89.1 to 52.1% and oil production increased from 0.15 to 1.11 m3/d. This study suggests that the mature Cr3+/KYPAM gel can act as a fluid-loss-control pill in high-water-cut oil wells, which can provide an avenue to bridge the design philosophy of well workover and water shutoff.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||14|
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