Modeling Lost Circulation Through Drilling-Induced Fractures
- Yongcun Feng (University of Texas at Austin) | K. E. Gray (University of Texas at Austin)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- February 2018
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 205 - 223
- 2018.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Mud circulation, Drilling-induced fractures, Geomechanics, Coupled modeling, Lost circulation
- 10 in the last 30 days
- 654 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 12.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 35.00|
Previous lost-circulation models assume either a stationary fracture or a constant-pressure- or constant-flowrate-driven fracture, but they cannot capture fluid loss into a growing, induced-fracture driven by dynamic circulation pressure during drilling. In this paper, a new numerical model is developed on the basis of the finite-element method for simulating this problem. The model couples dynamic mud circulation in the wellbore and induced-fracture propagation into the formation. It provides estimates of time-dependent wellbore pressure, fluid-loss rate, and fracture profile during drilling. Numerical examples were carried out to investigate the effects of several operational parameters on lost circulation. The results show that the viscous pressure losses in the wellbore annulus caused by dynamic circulation can lead to significant increases in wellbore pressure and fluid loss. The information provided by the model (e.g., dynamic circulation pressure, fracture width, and fluid-loss rate) is valuable for managing wellbore pressure and designing wellbore-strengthening operations.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||19|
Abaqus Example Problems Guide: 10.1.5 Hydraulically Induced Fracture in a Wellbore. ABAQUS Documentation. Version 6.14.
Arlanoglu, C., Feng, Y., Podnos, E. et al. 2014. Finite Element Studies of Wellbore Strengthening. Presented at the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference and Exhibition, Fort Worth, Texas, USA, 4–6 March. SPE-168001-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/168001-MS.
Biot, M. A. 1956. General Solutions of the Equations of Elasticity and Consolidation for a Porous Material. J. Appl. Mech. 78: 91–96.
Carlson, E. S., Venkataraman, M., Clark, P. E. et al. 1996. Predicting the Fluid Loss of Drilling, Workover, and Fracturing Fluids Into a Formation With and Without Filter Cake. Presented at the Permian Basin Oil and Gas Recovery Conference, Midland, Texas, USA, 27–29 March. SPE-35227-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/35227-MS.
Cherny, S., Chirkov, D., Lapin, V. et al. 2009. Two-dimensional Modeling of the Near-Wellbore Fracture Tortuosity Effect. Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. 46: 992–1000. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrmms.2009.01.001.
Churchill, S. W. 1977. Friction Factor Equation Spans All Fluid-Flow Regimes. Chemical Engineering 84 (24): 91–92.
Cook, J., Growcock, F., Guo, Q. et al. 2011. Stabilizing the Wellbore to Prevent Lost Circulation. Oilfield Rev. 23: 26–35.
Feng, Y., Jones, J. F., and Gray, K. E. 2015. Pump-in and Flow Back Test for Determination of Fracture Parameters and In-Situ Stresses. Presented at the AADE National Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, USA, 8–9 April.
Feng, Y. and Gray, K. E. 2016a. A Comparison Study of Extended Leak-Off Tests in Permeable and Impermeable Formations. Presented at the 50th US Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, Houston, 26–29 June. American Rock Mechanics Association. ARMA-2016-033.
Feng, Y. and Gray, K. E. 2016b. A Fracture-Mechanics-Based Model for Wellbore Strengthening Applications. J. Nat. Gas Sci. Eng. 29: 392–400. https://doi.org/0.1016/j.jngse.2016.01.028.
Feng, Y. and Gray, K. E. 2016c. A Parametric Study for Wellbore Strengthening. J. Nat. Gas Sci. Eng. 30: 350–363. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jngse.2016.02.045.
Feng, Y. and Gray, K. E. 2017. Review of Fundamental Studies on Lost Circulation and Wellbore Strengthening. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 152: 511–522. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2017.01.052.
Gao, C., Miska, S. Z., Yu, M. et al. 2016a. Triaxial Tests for Shales After Pore Plugging With Nanomaterials: An Example of Rock Characterization on Cuttings-Size Samples. Presented at the 50th US Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, American Rock Mechanics Association.
Gao, C., Miska, S. Z., Yu, M. et al. 2016b. Effective Enhancement of Wellbore Stability in ShalesWith New Families of Nanoparticles. Presented at the SPE Deepwater Drilling and Completions Conference, Galveston, Texas, USA, 14–15 September. SPE-180330-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/180330-MS.
Geertsma, J. and De Klerk, F. 1969. A Rapid Method of Predicting Width and Extent of Hydraulically Induced Fractures. J Pet Technol 21: 1571–1581. SPE-2458-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/2458-PA.
Ghalambor, A., Salehi, S., Shahri, M. P. et al. 2014. Integrated Workflow for Lost Circulation Prediction. Presented at the SPE International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, USA, 26–28 February. SPE-168123-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/168123-MS.
Guo, Q., Feng, Y. Z., and Jin, Z. H. 2011. Fracture Aperture for Wellbore Strengthening Applications. Presented at the 45th US Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, San Francisco, California, USA, 26–29 June. ARMA-11-378.
Haddad, M. and Sepehrnoori, K. 2016. XFEM-Based CZM for the Simulation of 3D Multiple-Cluster Hydraulic Fracturing in Quasi-Brittle Shale Formations. Rock Mech. Rock Eng. 49: 4731. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00603-016-1057-2.
Hager, W. H. 2003. Blasius: A Life in Research and Education. Exp. Fluids 34: 566–571. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00348-002-0582-9.
Hubbert, M. K. and Willis, D. G. 1957. Mechanics of Hydraulic Fracturing. Petroleum Trans., AIME 210: 153–168. SPE-686-G. https://doi.org/10.2118/686-G.
Jaeger, J. C., Cook, N. G. W., and Zimmerman, R. 2007. Fundamentals of Rock Mechanics. Wiley.
Kostov, N., Ning, J., Gosavi, S. V. et al. 2015. Advanced Drilling Induced Fracture Modeling for Wellbore Integrity Prediction. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Houston, 28–30 September. SPE-174911-MS. https:/doi.org/10.2118/174911-MS.
Lavrov, A. and Tronvoll, J. 2004. Modeling Mud Loss in Fractured Formations. Presented at the Abu Dhabi International Conference and Exhibition, Abu Dhabi, 10–13 October. SPE-88700-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/88700-MS.
Lietard, O., Unwin, T., Guillot, D. J. et al. 1999. Fracture Width Logging While Drilling and Drilling Mud/Loss-Circulation-Material Selection Guidelines in Naturally Fractured Reservoirs (includes associated papers 75283, 75284, 81590, and 81591). SPE Drill Compl 14: 168–177. SPE-57713-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/57713-PA.
Majidi, R., Miska, S., Thompson, L. G. et al. 2010. Quantitative Analysis of Mud Losses in Naturally Fractured Reservoirs: The Effect of Rheology. SPE Drill Compl 25: 509–517. SPE-114130-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/114130-PA.
Matanovic, D. 2013. Risk Analysis for Prevention of Hazardous Situations in Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering, first edition. Hershey, Pennsylvania: IGI Global.
Mehrabi, M., Zeyghami, M., and Shahri, M. P. 2012. Modeling of Fracture Ballooning in Naturally Fractured Reservoirs: A Sensitivity Analysis. Presented at the Nigeria Annual International Conference and Exhibition, Lagos, Nigeria, 6–8 August. SPE-163034-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/163034-MS.
Mehrabian, A., Jamison, D. E., and Teodorescu, S. G. 2015. Geomechanics of Lost-Circulation Events and Wellbore-Strengthening Operations. SPE J. 20 (6): 1305–1316. SPE-174088-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/174088-PA.
Milanese, E., Rizzato, P., Pesavento, F. et al. 2016. An Explanation for the Intermittent Crack Tip Advancement and Pressure Fluctuations in Hydraulic Fracturing. Hydraulic Fracturing J. 3, 2: 30–43.
Morita, N., Black, A. D., and Guh, G.-F. 1990. Theory of Lost Circulation Pressure. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, 23–26 September. SPE-20409-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/20409-MS.
Okland, D., Gabrielsen, G. K., Gjerde, J. et al. 2002. The Importance of Extended Leak-Off Test Data for Combating Lost Circulation. Presented at the SPE/ISRM Rock Mechanics Conference, Irving, Texas, USA, 20–23 October. SPE-78219-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/78219-MS.
Onyia, E. C. 1994. Experimental Data Analysis of Lost-Circulation Problems During Drilling With Oil-Based Mud. SPE Drill Compl 9 (1): 25–31. SPE-22581-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/22581-PA.
Ozdemirtas, M., Babadagli, T., and Kuru, E. 2007. Numerical Modelling of Borehole Ballooning/Breathing-Effect of Fracture Roughness. Presented at the Canadian International Petroleum Conference, Calgary, 12–14 June. PETSOC-2007-038. https://doi.org/10.2118/2007-038.
Ozdemirtas, M., Babadagli, T. and Kuru, E. 2009. Experimental and Numerical Investigations of Borehole Ballooning in Rough Fractures. SPE Drill Compl 24 (2): 256–265. SPE-110121-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/110121-PA.
Parn-anurak, S. and Engler, T. W. 2005. Modeling of Fluid Filtration and Near-Wellbore Damage Along a Horizontal Well. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 46: 149–160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2004.12.003.
Raaen, A. M. and Brudy, M. 2001. Pump-in/Flowback Tests Reduce the Estimate of Horizontal in-Situ Stress Significantly. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, 30 September –3 October. SPE-71367-MS. https://doi.org/10.211n8//71367-MS.
Raaen, A. M., Skomedal, E., Kjørholt, H. et al. 2001. Stress Determination From Hydraulic Fracturing Tests: The System Stiffness Approach. Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. 38: 529–541. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1365-1609(01)00020-X.
Salehi, S. 2012. Numerical Simulations of Fracture Propagation and Sealing: Implications for Wellbore Strengthening. PhD dissertation, Missouri University of Science and Technology.
Sanfillippo, F., Brignoli, M., Santarelli, F. J. et al. 1997. Characterization of Conductive Fractures While Drilling. Presented at the SPE European Formation Damage Conference, The Hague, Netherlands, 2–3 June. SPE-38177-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/38177-MS.
Searles, K. H., Zielonka, M. G., Ning, J. et al. 2016. Fully-Coupled 3D Hydraulic Fracture Models: Development, Validation, and Application to O&G Problems. Presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference, The Woodlands, Texas, USA, 9–11 February. SPE-179121-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/179121-MS.
Shahri, M. P., Oar, T. T., Safari, R. et al. 2015. Advanced Semi-analytical Geomechanical Model for Wellbore-Strengthening Applications. SPE J. 20 (6): 1276–1286. SPE-167976-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/167976-PA.
SIMULIA. 2016. Abaqus Version 2016 Analysis User’s Guide. Providence, Rhode Island, USA: Dassault Systèmes.
Soliman, M. Y., Wigwe, M., Alzahabi, A. et al. 2014, Analysis of Fracturing Pressure Data in Heterogeneous Shale Formations. Hydraulic Fracturing J. 1 (2): 8–12.
Turon, A., Camanho, P. P., Costa, J. et al. 2006. A Damage Model for the Simulation of Delamination in Advanced Composites Under Variable-Mode Loading. Mech. Mater. 38: 1072–1089. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mechmat.2005.10.003.
Tzschichholz, F. and Herrmann, H. J. 1995. Simulations of Pressure Fluctuations and Acoustic Emission in Hydraulic Fracturing. Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Top. 51: 1961–1970. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.51.1961.
Valkó, P. and Economides, M. J. 1995. Hydraulic Fracture Mechanics, first edition. Chichester: Wiley.
Waldmann, A. T. A., Martins, A. L., Aragao, A. F. L. et al. 2005. Predicting and Monitoring Fluid Invasion in Exploratory Drilling. SPE Drill Compl 20 (4): 268–275. SPE-86497-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/86497-PA.
Wang, H. 2015. Numerical Modeling of Non-Planar Hydraulic Fracture Propagation in Brittle and Ductile Rocks Using XFEM With Cohesive Zone Method. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 135: 127–140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2015.08.010.
Wu, W. and Sharma, M. M. 2017. A Model for the Conductivity and Compliance of Unpropped Fractures. Paper presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, The Woodlands, Texas, USA, 24–26 January. SPE-184852-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/184852-MS.
Yao, Y. 2012. Linear Elastic and Cohesive Fracture Analysis to Model Hydraulic Fracture in Brittle and Ductile Rocks. Rock Mech. Rock Eng. 45: 375–387. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00603-011-0211-0.
Ye, Z., Janis, M., Ghassemi, A. et al. 2017. Experimental Investigation of Injection-driven Shear Slip and Permeability Evolution in Granite for EGS Stimulation. Proc., 42nd Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, 13–15 February. SGPTR-212.
Yew, C. H. and Weng, X. 2014. Mechanics of Hydraulic Fracturing. Gulf Professional Publishing.
Zhang, G. M., Liu, H., Zhang, J. et al. 2010. Three-dimensional Finite Element Simulation and Parametric Study for Horizontal Well Hydraulic Fracture. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 72: 310–317. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2010.03.032.
Zhang, X., Jeffrey, R. G., Bunger, A. P. et al. 2011. Initiation and Growth of a Hydraulic Fracture From a Circular Wellbore. Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. 48: 984–995. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrmms.2011.06.005.
Zhang, J., Alberty, M., and Blangy, J. P. 2016. A Semi-Analytical Solution for Estimating the Fracture Width in Wellbore Strengthening Applications. Presented at the SPE Deepwater Drilling and Completions Conference, Galveston, Texas, USA, 14–15 September. SPE-180296-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/180296-MS.
Zhong, R., Miska, S., and Yu, M. 2017. Modeling of Near-Wellbore Fracturing for Wellbore Strengthening. J. Nat. Gas Sci. Eng. 38: 475–484. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jngse.2017.01.009.
Ziegler, F. and Jones, J. 2014. Predrill Pore-Pressure Prediction and Pore Pressure and Fluid Loss Monitoring During Drilling: A Case Study for a Deepwater Subsalt Gulf of Mexico Well and Discussion on Fracture Gradient, Fluid Losses, and Wellbore Breathing. Interpretation 2: SB45–SB55. https://doi.org/10.1190/INT-2013-0099.1.
Zielonka, M. G., Searles, K. H., Ning, J. et al. 2014. Development and Validation of Fully-Coupled Hydraulic Fracturing Simulation Capabilities. Presented at the 2014 SIMULIA Community Conference, Providence, Rhode Island.
Zienkiewicz, O. C. (ed.). 1999. Computational Geomechanics With Special Reference to Earthquake Engineering. Chichester, New York: Wiley.