A Practical Methodology For Integration of 4D Seismic in Steam-Assisted-Gravity-Drainage Reservoir Characterization
- Mostafa Hadavand (University of Alberta) | Clayton V. Deutsch (University of Alberta)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering
- Publication Date
- May 2017
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 353 - 362
- 2017.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 4D Seismic, Geostatistics, SAGD Reservoir Characterization
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- 116 since 2007
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4D seismic is a dynamic source of data that provides information about changes in reservoir-rock and -fluid properties over time. Seismic attributes are sensitive to variations in the fluid content, temperature, and pressure distribution; therefore, 4D-seismic images contain information on the nature of fluid flow within the reservoir. Perhaps the most-reliable and -important information that can be learned from 4D-seismic images is related to anomalies in fluid flow within the reservoir. During steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD), the steam-chamber propagation is fairly clear from 4D-seismic images, mainly because of higher gas saturation in the chamber. Therefore, anomalies are revealed by the absence or unexpected location of the steam chamber. In this paper, a practical methodology is proposed for consideration of anomalies identified from 4D-seismic images in geostatistical reservoir models. The geostatistical realizations are updated to enforce missing anomalies and improve reservoir characterization. The updated models are suitable for reservoir decision making and management.
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