A Semianalytical Approach To Model Two-Phase Flowback of Shale-Gas Wells With Complex-Fracture-Network Geometries
- Ruiyue Yang (China University of Petroleum, Beijing) | Zhongwei Huang (China University of Petroleum, Beijing) | Gensheng Li (China University of Petroleum, Beijing) | Wei Yu (Texas A&M University) | Kamy Sepehrnoori (University of Texas at Austin) | Hamid R. Lashgari (University of Texas at Austin) | Shouceng Tian (China University of Petroleum, Beijing) | Xianzhi Song (China University of Petroleum, Beijing) | Mao Sheng (China University of Petroleum, Beijing)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- December 2017
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 1,808 - 1,833
- 2017.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Complex fracture networks, Water flowback, Two-phase flow
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- 689 since 2007
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Two-phase flow is generally significant in the hydraulic-fracturing design of a shale-gas reservoir, especially during the flowback period. Investigating the gas- and water-production data is important to evaluate stimulation effectiveness. We develop a semianalytical model for multifractured horizontal wells by incorporating the two-phase flow in both shale matrix and fracture domains. The complex-fracture network, including both primary/hydraulic fractures and secondary/natural fractures, is modeled explicitly as discretized segments. The node-analysis approach is used to discretize the networks into a number of fracture segments and connected nodes, depending on the complexity of the fracture system. The two-phase flow is incorporated by iteratively correcting the relative permeability to gas/water for each fracture segment and capillary pressure at each node with the fracture depletion. The accuracy of the proposed model is confirmed by the numerical model. Subsequently, the early-time gas- and water-production performance is analyzed by use of various fracture geometries and network configurations. The model was also used to history match an actual multistage hydraulically fractured horizontal well in the Marcellus Shale during the flowback period. The research findings have shed light on the factors that substantially influence the gas- and water-production behavior during the flowback period. We also investigate the effects of fracture-network geometries and complexities on the gas/water-ratio (GWR) diagnostic plots. The results depict that the GWR behavior on the diagnostic plots is highly dependent on fracture-network geometry, configuration, and connectivity, which could assist in deriving the critical fracture properties affecting the production performance. This work extends the semianalytical approach previously proposed for modeling single-phase to two-phase flowback problems in unconventional reservoirs with various fracture-network geometries. The method is easier to set up and is less data-intensive than use of a numerical reservoir simulator, and is capable of providing a straightforward and flexible way to model complex-nonplanar-fracture networks in a multiphase-flow environment.
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