Calculation of Temperature in Fracture for Carbon Dioxide Fracturing
- Zhiyuan Wang (China University of Petroleum, East China) | Baojiang Sun (China University of Petroleum, East China) | Xiaohui Sun (China University of Petroleum, East China)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- October 2016
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 1,491 - 1,500
- 2016.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- temperature field, flow work, fracturing, specific enthalpy, carbon dioxide
- 3 in the last 30 days
- 506 since 2007
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Carbon dioxide (CO2) temperature-field models in the wellbore and fracture are proposed to calculate transitions of fluid-phase states and variations of the fluid thermal-physical parameters during CO2 fracturing. The models take two items into account in the formula of the specific enthalpy: the internal energy and the flow work. The flow work is usually ignored for conventional hydraulic fracturing. When computing the CO2 temperature at the bottom of the hole, we find a 3.8°C deviation (well depth of 2000 m, injection temperature: –20°C) if the effects of the flow-work variations on the fluid temperatures are ignored. The phase states of CO2 vary from liquid to the supercritical state, and the position of the phase-state transition moves from inside the wellbore to the fracture. The fluid temperatures in the wellbore and fracture drop rapidly, whereas the pressures rise gradually. The temperature differences between the fracture fluid and the matrix-leakoff zone are small, and the cooling-formation distance increases with time and the injection rate.
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