Density and Viscosity of Athabasca Bitumen Samples at Temperatures Up to 200C and Pressures Up to 10 MPa
- Hossein Nourozieh (University of Calgary) | Mohammad Kariznovi (University of Calgary) | Jalal Abedi (University of Calgary)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering
- Publication Date
- August 2015
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 375 - 386
- 2015.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- temperature, density, correlation, viscosity, Athabasca bitumen
- 7 in the last 30 days
- 513 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 12.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 35.00|
This paper presents the measurements of bitumen thermophysical properties (density and viscosity) over a wide range of temperatures (ambient to 200C) and pressures (atmospheric to 14 MPa). The measurements have been conducted on three Athabasca bitumen samples taken from different locations. A new method was proposed to correlate the density data as a function of temperature and pressure, with a maximum absolute deviation of 1.7 kg/m3. The viscosity data were also correlated with two correlations available in literature considering the effect of pressure and temperature on viscosity of bitumen, with an average absolute relative deviation of 9.2%. The measured data and correlations are applicable for the prediction and optimization of oil recovery in the solvent- and thermal-based bitumen-recovery processes such as expanding- solvent steam assisted gravity drainage (ES-SAGD) and heated vapor extraction (VAPEX).
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||12|
ASTM D7169-05. 2005. Standard Test Method for Boiling Point Distribution of Samples with Residues Such as Crude Oils and Atmospheric and Vacuum Residues by High Temperature Gas Chromatography. West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania: ASTM International.
Badamchi-Zadeh, A., Yarranton, H. W., Svrcek, W. Y., et al. 2009a. Phase Behaviour and Physical Property Measurements for VAPEX Solvents: Part I. Propane and Athabasca Bitumen. J Can Pet Technol 48 (1): 54–61. PETSOC-09-01-54. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/09-01-54.
Badamchi-Zadeh, A., Yarranton, H. W., Maini, B. B., et al. 2009b. Phase Behaviour and Physical Property Measurements for VAPEX Solvents: Part II. Propane, Carbon Dioxide and Athabasca Bitumen. J Can Pet Technol 48 (3): 57–65. PETSOC-09-03-57. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/09-03-57.
Guan, J., Kariznovi, M., Nourozieh, H., et al. 2013. Density and Viscosity for Mixtures of Athabasca Bitumen and Aromatic Solvents. Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data 58 (3): 611–624. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/je3010722.
Hildebrand, J. H. 1977. Viscosity and Diffusivity: A Predictive Treatment. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Kariznovi, M., Nourozieh, H. and Abedi, J. 2011. Experimental Apparatus for Phase Behavior Study of Solvent–Bitumen Systems: A Critical Review and Design of a New Apparatus. Fuel 90 (2): 536–546. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2010.10.019.
Kariznovi, M., Nourozieh, H., Guan, J. G., et al. 2013. Measurement and Modeling of Density and Viscosity for Mixtures of Athabasca Bitumen and Heavy n-alkane. Fuel 112 (October): 83–95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2013.04.071.
Khan, M. A. B., Mehrotra, A. K. and Svrcek, W. Y. 1984. Viscosity Models For Gas-Free Athabasca Bitumen. J Can Pet Technol 23 (3): 47–53. PETSOC-84-03-05. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/84-03-05.
Mehrotra, A. K. and Svrcek, W. Y. 1984. Measurement and Correlation of Viscosity, Density and Gas Solubility for Marguerite Lake Bitumen Saturated with Carbon Dioxide. AOSTRA J. Res. 1 (1): 51–62.
Mehrotra, A. K. and Svrcek, W. Y. 1985a. Viscosity, Density and Gas Solubility Data for Oil Sand Bitumens. Part I: Athabasca Bitumen Saturated with CO and C2H6. AOSTRA J. Res. 1 (4): 263–268.
Mehrotra, A. K. and Svrcek, W. Y. 1985b. Viscosity, Density and Gas Solubility Data for Oil Sand Bitumens. Part II: Peace River Bitumen Saturated with N2, CO, CH4, CO2 and C2H6. AOSTRA J. Res. 1 (4): 269–279.
Mehrotra, A. K. and Svrcek, W. Y. 1985c. Viscosity, Density and Gas Solubility Data for Oil Sand Bitumens. Part III: Wabasca Bitumen Saturated with N2, CO, CH4, CO2 and C2H6. AOSTRA J. Res. 2 (2): 83–93.
Mehrotra, A. K. and Svrcek, W. Y. 1986. Viscositv of Compressed Athabasca Bitumen. Can. J. Chem. Eng. 64 (5): 844–847. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cjce.5450640520.
Mehrotra, A. K. and Svrcek, W. Y. 1987a. Viscosity of Compressed Cold Lake Bitumen. Can. J. Chem. Eng. 65 (4): 672–675. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cjce.5450650423.
Mehrotra, A. K. and Svrcek, W. Y. 1987b. Corresponding States Method For Calculating Bitumen Viscosity. J Can Pet Technol 26 (5): 60–66. PETSOC-87-05-06. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/87-05-06.
Mehrotra, A. K. and Svrcek, W. Y. 1988. Properties of Cold Lake Bitumen Saturated with Pure Gases and Gas Mixtures. Can. J. Chem. Eng. 66 (4): 656–665. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cjce.5450660419.
Mehrotra, A. K., Eastick, R. R. and Svrcek, W. Y. 1989. Viscosity of Cold Lake Bitumen and its Fractions. Can. J. Chem. Eng. 67 (6): 1004–1009. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cjce.5450670620.
Miadonye, A., Singh, B. and Puttagunta, V. R. 1994. Modeling the Viscosity-Temperature Relationship of Alberta Bitumen. Fuel Sci. Techn. Int. 12 (2): 335–350. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08843759408916182.
Motahhari, H. R., Schoeggl, F., Satyro, M. A., et al. 2011. Prediction of the Viscosity of Solvent Diluted Live Bitumen at Temperatures up to 175°C. Presented at the Canadian Unconventional Resources Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 15–17 November. SPE-149405-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/149405-MS.
Nourozieh, H., Kariznovi, M., Guan, J., et al. 2013. Measurement of Thermophysical Properties and Modeling for Pseudo-Binary Mixtures of n-decane and Athabasca Bitumen. Fluid Phase Equilibr. 347 (15 June): 62–75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fluid.2013.03.010.
Oyekunle, L. 2000. A Two-Parameter Correlation for Petroleum Bitumens. Pet. Sci. Technol. 18 (1–2): 63–79. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10916460008949832.
Puttagunta, V. R., Singh, B. and Miadonye, A. 1993. Correlation of Bitumen Viscosity with Temperature and Pressure. Can. J. Chem. Eng. 71 (3): 447–450. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cjce.5450710315.
Reid, R. C., Prausnitz, J. M. and Sherwood, T. K. 1977. The Properties of Gases and Liquids, third edition. New York City, New York: McGraw-Hill.
Svrcek, W. Y. and Mehrotra, A. K. 1988. One-Parameter Correlation for Bitumen Viscosity. Chem. Eng. Res. Des. 66 (4): 323–327.
Svrcek, W. Y. and Mehrotra, A. K. 1989. Properties Of Peace River Bitumen Saturated With Field Gas Mixtures. J Can Pet Technol 28 (2): 50–56. PETSOC-89-02-01. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/89-02-01.