An Analytical Model for Analyzing and Forecasting Production From Multifractured Horizontal Wells With Complex Branched-Fracture Geometry
- Mohammadhossein Heidari Sureshjani (University of Calgary) | Christopher R. Clarkson (University of Calgary)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering
- Publication Date
- August 2015
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 356 - 374
- 2015.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- multifractured horizontal wells, analytical model, local solutions, complex fractures, forecasting
- 2 in the last 30 days
- 685 since 2007
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Analytical methods for analyzing and forecasting production from multifractured horizontal wells completed in unconventional reservoirs are in their infancy. Among the difficulties in modeling such systems is the incorporation of fracture-network complexity as a result of the hydraulic-fracturing process. Along with a primary propped-hydraulic-fracture network, a secondary fracture network, which may or may not contain proppant, may be activated during the stimulation process, creating a “branched fracture” network. These secondary fractures can be the result of reactivation of healed natural fractures, for example. In the current work, we develop a fully analytical enhanced fracture-region (EFR) model for analyzing and forecasting multifractured horizontal wells with complex fracture geometry that is more-general, -rigorous, and -flexible than those previously developed. Specifically, our new model allows nonsymmetric placement of a well within its area of drainage, to reflect unequal horizontal-lateral spacing; this is a very real scenario observed in the field, particularly for the external laterals on a pad. The solutions also can be reduced to be applicable for homogeneous systems without branch fractures. In addition to the general EFR solution, we have provided local solutions that can be used to analyze individual flow regimes in sequence. We provide practical examples of the application (and sometimes misapplication) of local solutions by use of simulated and field cases. One important observation is that a negative intercept obtained from a straight line drawn through data on a square-root-of-time plot (commonly used to analyze transient linear flow) may indicate EFR behavior, but this straight line should not be interpreted as linear flow because it represents transitional flow from one linear-flow period to another. Our general EFR solution therefore provides a powerful tool to improve both forecasting and flow-regime interpretation for hydraulic-fracture/reservoir characterization.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||19|
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