- Boolean operators
- This OR that
This AND that
This NOT that
- Must include "This" and "That"
- This That
- Must not include "That"
- This -That
- "This" is optional
- This +That
- Exact phrase "This That"
- "This That"
- (this AND that) OR (that AND other)
- Specifying fields
- publisher:"Publisher Name"
author:(Smith OR Jones)
Recovery of Bitumen From a Carbonate Reservoir by Thermal-Assisted Gravity Drainage (TAGD)
- Bruce Roberts (Athabasca Oil Corporation) | Tarek Hamida (Athabasca Oil Corporation)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- July 2014
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 224 - 232
- 2014.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 6.10.1 Carbonate Reservoirs, 6.4 Primary and Enhanced Recovery Processes, 6 Reservoir Description and Dynamics, 6.9 Unconventional Hydrocarbon Recovery, 6.4.5 Thermal Methods (e.g.,Steamflood, Cyclic Steam, THAI, Combustion), 6.9.4 Oil Sand/Shale/Bitumen, 6.3.2 Multi-phase Flow, 6.3 Fluid Dynamics, 6.10 Management of Challenging Reservoirs
- electrial heating, bitumen, thermal recovery, carbonate reservoir
- 3 in the last 30 days
- 331 since 2007
- Show more detail
A new recovery process, thermal-assisted gravity drainage (TAGD), is described for the recovery of bitumen from heterogeneous carbonate reservoirs. The process is shown to be thermally efficient in lower-porosity formations and is less impacted by the complex porosity distributions, that characterize carbonate rock. The TAGD process heats the reservoir by means of a pattern of horizontal heater wells to allow bitumen to flow by gravity into a producer placed at the base of the reservoir. High thermal efficiency is achieved by heating the reservoir to 120–160°C. The energy for this process is transferred to the reservoir by heat conduction from electrically heated mineral-insulated cables. Precise control of reservoir heating is accomplished by optimally placing heater wells within the formation and adjusting the power in each heater for efficient energy usage. Voidage replacement is achieved by solution-gas evolution and connate-water vapourization. The target of this new technology is the thick, highly permeable, and vertically continuous Leduc bitumen reservoir located in the Liege area of north-central Alberta. In addition to improved energy efficiency, the TAGD process does not require water for steam generation, thus reducing the size and initial capital cost of the surface-processing facilities.
Abbasov, V.M., Mamedov, F.F., and Ismailov, T.A. 2008. Heats of combustion of oil shale, bitumen, and their mixtures. Solid Fuel Chem. 42 (4): 248-250. http://dx.doi.org/10.3103/s0361521908040113.
Burrowes, A., Teare, M., Marsh, R. et al. 2011. Alberta's Energy Reserves 2011 and Supply/Demand Outlook 2012-2021. Annual Report ST98-2011, Energy Resources Conservation Board, Calgary, Alberta (June 2011).
Alvarez, J.M., Sawatzky, R.P., Forster, L.M. et al. 2008. Alberta's Bitumen Carbonate Reservoirs—Moving Forward with Advanced R&D. Presented at the World Heavy Oil Congress, Edmonton, Alberta, 10–12 March. Paper 2008-467.
Amthor, J.E., Mountjoy, E.W., and Machel, H.G. 1993. Subsurface dolomites in Upper Devonian Leduc Formation buildups, central part of Rimbey-Meadowbrook reef trend, Alberta, Canada. Bull. Can. Petrol. Geol. 41 (2): 164-185.
Bridges, J.E., Krstansky, J.J., Taflove, A. et al. 1983. The IITRI In-Situ RF Fuel Recovery Process. J. Microwave Power Electromagn. Energy 18 (1): 3-14.
Cassis, R., Fuller, N., Hepler, L.G. et al. 1985. Specific heat capacities of bitumens and heavy oils, reservoir minerals, clays, dehydrated clays, asphaltenes, and cokes. AOSTRA J. Res. 1 (3): 163-173.
Clauser, C. and Huenges, E. 1995. Thermal Conductivity of Rocks and Minerals. In Rock Physics & Phase Relations: A Handbook of Physical Constants, T.J. Ahrens, Vol. 3, 105-126. Washington, DC: AGU Reference Shelf Series, American Geophysical Union.
Dehghani, K., Meyer, R.F., Duran, H. et al. 1997. An Experimental and Numerical Study of In-Situ Steamdrive During Cyclic Steaming. SPE Res Eng 12 (2): 144-150. SPE-30749-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/30749-PA.
Dehghani, K. and Kamath, J. 2001. High-Temperature Blowdown Experiments in a Vuggy Carbonate Core. SPE J. 6 (3): 283-287. SPE-74136-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/74136-PA.
Dembicki, E.A. and Podivinsky, T.J. 2012. Heavy Oil from an Ancient Reef. GEOExPro 9 (6): 42-46.
Edmunds, N. and Peterson, J. 2007. A Unified Model for Prediction of CSOR in Steam-Based Bitumen Recovery. Presented at the Canadian International Petroleum Conference, Calgary, 12-14 June. PETSOC-2007-027. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/2007-027.
Edmunds, N., Barrett, K., Solanki, S. et al. 2009. Prospects for Commercial Bitumen Recovery from the Grosmont Carbonate, Alberta. J Can Pet Technol 48 (9): 26-32. PETSOC-09-09-26. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/09-09-26.
Flock, D.L. and Tharin, J. 1975. Unconventional Methods of Recovery of Bitumen And Related Research Areas Particular to the Oil Sands of Alberta. J Can Pet Technol 14 (3). PETSOC-75-03-01. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/75-03-01.
Jiang, Q., Yuan, J.-Y., Russel-Houston, J. et al. 2010. Evaluation of Recovery Technologies for the Grosmont Carbonate Reservoirs. J Can Pet Technol 49 (5): 56-64. SPE-137779-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/137779-PA.
Kerr, A. 1996. Countdown To 97. J Can Pet Technol 35 (2). PETSOC-96-02-02. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/96-02-02.
Krupka, K.M., Hemingway, B.S., Robie, R.A. et al. 1985. High-temperature heat capacities and derived thermodynamic properties of anthophyllite, diopside, dolomite, enstatite, bronzite, talc, tremolite and wollastonite. Am. Mineral. 70 (3-4): 261-271.
Liu, M. and Zhao, G. 2013. A Performance Comparison Study of Electromagnetic Heating and SAGD Process. Presented at the SPE Heavy Oil Conference-Canada, Calgary, 11-13 June. SPE-165547-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/165547-MS.
Machel, H.G., Borrero, M.L., Dembicki, E. et al. 2012. The Grosmont: the world's largest unconventional oil reservoir hosted in carbonate rocks. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 370 (1): 49-81. http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/sp370.11.
McDougall, J., Alvarez, J.M., and Isaacs, E. 2008. Alberta Carbonates - the Third Trillion. Presented at the 19th World Petroleum Congress, Madrid, Spain, 29 June-3 July. WPC-19-0925.
McGee, B.C.W. and Vermeulen, F.E. 2007. The Mechanisms of Electrical Heating For the Recovery of Bitumen From Oil Sands. J Can Pet Technol 46 (1). PETSOC-07-01-03. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/07-01-03.
Miura, K. and Wang, J. 2012. An Analytical Model To Predict Cumulative Steam/Oil Ratio (CSOR) in Thermal-Recovery SAGD Process. J Can Pet Technol 51 (4): 268 - 275. SPE-137604-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/137604-PA.
Mukhametshina, A. and Martynova, E. 2013. Electromagnetic Heating of Heavy Oil and Bitumen: A Review of Experimental Studies and Field Applications. Journal of Petroleum Engineering 2013. Article ID 476519. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/476519.
Karanikas, J.M. 2012. Unconventional resources: Cracking the hydrocarbon molecules in situ. J Pet Technol 64 (5): 68–75.
Qi, J. and Yuan, J.-Y. 2013. History Matching Grosmont C Carbonate Thermal Production Performance. Presented at the SPE Heavy Oil Conference-Canada, Calgary, 11-13 June. SPE-165560-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/165560-MS.
Qin, K. and MacDonald, J. 2013. A Heuristic Production Model for Cyclic Steam Stimulation in a Fractured Heavy Oil Carbonate Reservoir. Presented at the SPE Heavy Oil Conference-Canada, Calgary, 11-13 June. SPE-165462-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/165462-MS.
Osum Oil Sands Corporation. 2013. Application for Approval of the Sepiko Kesik Project. Submitted to the Alberta Energy Resources Conservation Board, Calgary, Alberta.
Rangel-German, E.R., Schembre, J., Sandberg, C. et al. 2004. Electrical-heating-assisted recovery for heavy oil. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 45 (3–4): 213–231. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2004.06.005.
Rassenfoss, S. 2013. Finding Pathways to Produce Heavy Oil From Canadian Carbonates. J Pet Technol 65 (8): 58–67.
Sahni, A., Kumar, M., and Knapp, R.B. 2000. Electromagnetic Heating Methods for Heavy Oil Reservoirs. Presented at the SPE/AAPG Western Regional Meeting, Long Beach, California, USA, 19-22 June. SPE-62550-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/62550-MS.
Sandberg, C., Hale, A., and Kovscek, A. 2013. History and Application of Resistance Electrical Heating in Downhole Oil Field Applications. Presented at the SPE Western Regional & AAPG Pacific Section Meeting 2013 Joint Technical Conference, Monterey, California, USA, 19-25 April. SPE-165323-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/165323-MS.
Scott, G.R. 2002. Comparison of CSS and SAGD Performance in the Clearwater Formation at Cold Lake. Presented at the SPE International Thermal Operations and Heavy Oil Symposium and International Horizontal Well Technology Conference, Calgary, 4-7 November. SPE-79020-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/79020-MS.
Svrcek, W.Y. and Mehrotra, A.K. 1982. Gas Solubility, Viscosity And Density Measurements For Athabasca Bitumen. J Can Pet Technol 21 (4): 31–38. PETSOC-82-04-02. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/82-04-02.
Wagner, W. and Pruß, A. 2002. The IAPWS Formulation 1995 for the Thermodynamic Properties of Ordinary Water Substance for General and Scientific Use. J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 31 (2): 387-535. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1461829.
Wang, J., McGee, B., and Kantzas, A. 2006. Calculations of the Effect of Boiling Water on Bitumen Production. Presented at the Canadian International Petroleum Conferenc, Calgary, 13-15 June. PETSOC-2006-046. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/2006-046.
Wellington, S.L., de Rouffignac, E.P., Karanikas, J.M. et al. 2005. Production of a blending agent using an in situ thermal process in a relatively permeable formation US Patent No. 6,948,562.
Wei, W. and Gates, I.D. 2010. On the Relationship between Completion Design, Reservoir Characteristics, and Steam Conformance Achieved in Steam-based Recovery Processes such as SAGD. Presented at the SPE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium, Tulsa, 24-28 April. SPE-129694-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/129694-MS.
Yang, C., Card, C., and Nghiem, L. 2009. Economic Optimization and Uncertainty Assessment of Commercial SAGD Operations. J Can Pet Technol 48 (9): 33-40. PETSOC-09-09-33. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/09-09-33.
Yuan, J.-Y., Jiang, Q., Russel-Houston, J. et al. 2010. Evolving Recovery Technologies Directed Towards Commercial Development of the Grosmont Carbonate Reservoirs. Presented at the Canadian Unconventional Resources and International Petroleum Conference, Calgary, 19-21 October. SPE-137941-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/137941-MS.
Not finding what you're looking for? Some of the OnePetro partner societies have developed subject- specific wikis that may help.
The SEG Wiki
The SEG Wiki is a useful collection of information for working geophysicists, educators, and students in the field of geophysics. The initial content has been derived from : Robert E. Sheriff's Encyclopedic Dictionary of Applied Geophysics, fourth edition.