Thermal Recovery of Bitumen From the Grosmont Carbonate Formation—Part 2: Pilot Interpretation and Development Strategy
- Daniel Yang (Laricina Energy Limited) | Moslem Hosseininejad Mohebati (Laricina Energy Limited) | Steve Brand (Laricina Energy Limited) | Caralyn Bennett (GLJ Petroleum Consultants)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- July 2014
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 212 - 223
- 2014.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.2.1 Phase Behavior and PVT Measurements, 5.1 Reservoir Characterisation, 5.1.1 Exploration, Development, Structural Geology, 5.1.2 Faults and Fracture Characterisation, 5.7 Reserves Evaluation, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 4.6 Natural Gas, 5.4.6 Thermal Methods, 5.7.6 Reserves Classification, 5.4.10 Microbial Methods, 5.1.7 Seismic Processing and Interpretation, 2.4.3 Sand/Solids Control, 4.3.4 Scale, 5.8.5 Oil Sand, Oil Shale, Bitumen, 5.1.9 Four-Dimensional and Four-Component Seismic, 5.6.5 Tracers, 2 Well Completion, 4.1.4 Gas Processing, 5.3.9 Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage, 5.8.7 Carbonate Reservoir
- bitumen, carbonate reservoir, thermal recovery
- 1 in the last 30 days
- 411 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 10.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 30.00|
Bitumen production from the Grosmont formation is enabled by bitumen-viscosity reduction caused by heating with steam, and is driven by three processes: thermal expansion, gravity drainage, and spontaneous imbibition. Gravity drainage is the dominant recovery mechanism. Maintaining a balance of injected and produced fluid is indicative of good performance. The projected steam/oil ratio (SOR) for the carbonate Grosmont formation is comparable to that of the clastic Clearwater formation; the impact of lower porosity is compensated by lower water saturation. On the basis of the experience from the pilot project, a followup development of the Grosmont formation relies on cyclic operation of injection and production. Saleski Phase 1, approved by the Alberta Energy Regulator, is designed for 1700-m3/d oil capacity from the Grosmont formation. For the first time, probable undeveloped reserves have been assigned to a fractured-carbonate bitumen reservoir. The cyclic-to-continuous steam-assisted-gravity-drainage drainage (C2C-SAGD) concept, where initial cyclic operation of individual wells is converted into continuous injection and production with well pairs as the reservoir depletion matures, intends to maximize recovery in future exploitation projects.
|File Size||8 MB||Number of Pages||12|
Al-Hadhrami, H.S. and Blunt, M.J. 2001. Thermally Induced Wettability Alteration To Improve Oil Recovery in Fractured Reservoirs. SPE Res Eval & Eng 4 (03): 179 - 186. SPE-71866-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/71866-PA.
Bahonar, M., Ataei, A., Masoudi, R. et al. 2007. Evaluation of Steam Injection in a Fractured Heavy Oil Carbonate Reservoir in Iran. Presented at the SPE Middle East Oil and Gas Show and Conference, Kingdom of Bahrain, 11-14 March. SPE-105299-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/105299-MS.
Batycky, J.P., Leaute, R.P., and Dawe, B.A. 1997. A Mechanistic Model of Cyclic Steam Stimulation. Presented at the International Thermal Operations and Heavy Oil Symposium, Bakersfield, California, 10-12 February. SPE-37550-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/37550-MS.
Beicip Franlab Inc. 2013. Grosmont reservoir fracture characterization and modeling, Saleski permit. Internal report, Laricina Energy Ltd., Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
CNRL. 2012. 2011 Primrose, Wolf Lake, and Burnt Lake Annual Presentation to the ERCB: Surface Operations, Compliance, and Issues Not Related to Resource Evaluation and Recovery. Presentation, Canadian Natural Resources Limited, Calgary, Alberta (26 January 2012), http://www.aer.ca/documents/oilsands/insitu-presentations/2012AthabascaCNRLPAWCSS9140.pdf (accessed June 2014).
Harrison, L. 2013. Chevron Piloting World's First Commercial Steam Flooding In Carbonate Reservoir. Daily Oil Bulletin (25 October 2013).
Hosseininejad Mohebati, M., Yang, D., and MacDonald, J. 2014. Thermal Recovery of Bitumen from the Grosmont Carbonate Formation - Part 1: The Saleski Pilot. J Can Pet Technol 53 (4): Special Issue. SPE-171560-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/171560-PA.
Nakamura, S., Sarma, H.K., Umucu, T. et al. 1995. A Critical Evaluation of a Steamflood Pilot in a Deep Heavy Carbonate Reservoir in Ikiztepe Field, Turkey. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Dallas, 22-25 October. SPE-30727-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/30727-MS.
Osterloh, W.T., Mims, D.S., and Meddaugh, W.S. 2011. Probabilistic Forecasting and Model Validation for the 1st Eocene Large Scale Pilot (LSP) Steamflood, Partitioned Zone (PZ), Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Presented at the SPE Heavy Oil Conference and Exhibition, Kuwait City, Kuwait, 12-14 December. SPE-150580-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/150580-MS.
Penney, R., Al-Lawati, S.B., Hinai, R. et al. 2007. First Full Field Steam Injection in a Fractured Carbonate at Qarn Alam, Oman. Presented at the SPE Middle East Oil and Gas Show and Conference, Bahrain, 11–14 March. SPE-105406-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/105406-MS.
Qin, K. and MacDonald, J. 2013. A Heuristic Production Model for Cyclic Steam Stimulation in a Fractured Heavy Oil Carbonate Reservoir. Presented at the SPE Heavy Oil Conference-Canada, Calgary, 11-13 June. SPE-165462-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/165462-MS.
Shahin, G.T., Moosa, R., Kharusi, B. et al. 2006. The Physics of Steam Injection in Fractured Carbonate Reservoirs: Engineering Development Options That Minimize Risk. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, USA, 24–27 September. SPE-102186-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/102186-MS.
Shell-Canada. 2011. Peace River In Situ Oil Sands Progress Report. Progress Report, Commercial Scheme Approval No. 8143, Energy Resources Conservation Board, Calgary, Alberta (01 December 2011), http://www.aer.ca/documents/oilsands/insitu-presentations/2011PeaceRiverShellPeaceRiverCSS8143.pdf .
SPEE Calgary and Petroleum Society of CIM. 2007. Canadian Oil and Gas Evaluation Handbook (COGEH) Volume 1: Reserves Definitions and Evaluation Practices and Procedures, second edition. Calgary, Alberta: Society of Petroleum Engineers Canada.
Tang, G.-Q., Inouye, T.A., Lee, V. et al. 2012. Investigation of Recovery Mechanism of Steam Injection in Heavy Oil Carbonate Reservoir and Mineral Dissolution. Presented at the SPE Western Regional Meeting, Bakersfield, California, USA, 21-23 March. SPE-153812-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/153812-MS.
Union Oil Company of Canada Ltd. (UOCCL). 1980. Steam Stimulation Buffalo Creek Test Site; February 1 to December 31, 1980. Progress Report ER-81-17, Energy Resources Conservation Board (ERCB), Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Union Oil Company of Canada Ltd. (UOCCL). 1981a. Steam Stimulation Buffalo Creek Test Site; February 1 to June 30, 1981. Progress Report ER-81-38, Energy Resources Conservation Board (ERCB), Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Union Oil Company of Canada Ltd. (UOCCL). 1981b. Steam Stimulation Buffalo Creek Test Site; July 1 to December 31, 1981. Progress Report ER-82-08, Energy Resources Conservation Board (ERCB), Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Walther, C. 1931. Über die Auswertung von Viskositätsangaben (The Evaluation of Viscosity Data). Erdol Teer 7: 382–384.
Wong, J.K.K. 2011. Cold Lake Approvals 8558 and 4510. Annual InSitu Performance Review, Imperial Oil, Calgary, Alberta, Canada (October 2011), http://www.aer.ca/documents/oilsands/insitu-presentations/2011ColdLakeIORCSS8558.pdf.
Yarranton, H., van Dorp, J., Verlaan, M. et al. 2013. Wanted Dead or Live: Crude-Cocktail Viscosity--A Pseudocomponent Method to Predict the Viscosity of Dead Oils, Live Oils, and Mixtures. J Can Pet Technol 52 (3): 176-191. SPE-160314-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/160314-PA.