Optimization of Uncertain Structural Parameters With Production and Observation Well Data
- Alan David Irving (Total) | Danila Kuznetsov (Total) | Emmanuel Robert (Total E&P UK) | Tom Manzocchi (University College Dublin) | Conrad Childs (University College Dublin)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering
- Publication Date
- November 2014
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 547 - 558
- 2014.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- compartmentalization, uncertainties, optimization, faults
- 1 in the last 30 days
- 406 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 5.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 35.00|
The conditioning of fault geometry and properties to production data is usually achieved by ad hoc modifications without considering prior probability distributions or physical realism. We investigate optimization approaches on the basis of response surfaces and the ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF), on a reservoir of which the structure, well pattern, and production history make it particularly suitable. The observed pressure behavior during buildup and interference periods demonstrates production induced across fault communication. This behavior was best matched by reducing the reservoir volume and fault offset compared with the base-case interpretation, but with fault properties close to the a priori base case.
|File Size||2 MB||Number of Pages||12|
Aanonsen, S.I., Nævdal, G., Oliver, D.S. et al. 2009. The Ensemble Kalman Filter in Reservoir Engineering—A Review. SPE J. 14 (3): 393–412. SPE-117274-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/117274-PA.
Ahmadi, M., Christie, M., and Gerritsen, M. 2013. Structural Uncertainty Quantification With Immersed Interface Methods. Presented at the SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium, The Woodlands, Texas, 18–20 February. SPE-163606-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/163606-MS.
Box, G.E.P., Hunter, J.S., and Hunter, W.G. 2005. Statistics for Experimenters: Design, Innovation, and Discovery, second edition. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley-Interscience, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics.
ECLIPSE. 2006. Technical Description, version 2006.2. London: Schlumberger Software.
Evensen, G. 1994. Sequential Data Assimilation With a Nonlinear Quasi Geostrophic Model Using Monte Carlo Methods To Forecast Error Statistics. J. Geophysical Res.: Oceans 99 (C5): 10,143–10,162. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/94JC00572.
Evensen, G. 2003. The Ensemble Kalman Filter: Theoretical Formulation and Practical Implementation. Ocean Dynamics 53: 343–367. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10236-003-0036-9.
Evensen, G., Hove, J., Meisingset, H.C. et al. 2007. Using the EnKF for Assisted History Matching of a North Sea Reservoir Model. Presented at the SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium, Houston, Texas, 26–28 February. SPE-106184-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/106184-MS.
Fisher, Q.J. 2005. Recent Advances in Fault Seal Analysis as an Aid to Reservoir Characterization and Production Simulation Modelling. Presented at the SPE EUROPEC/EAGE Annual Conference, Madrid, Spain, 13–16 June. SPE-94460-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/94460-MS.
Hesthammer, J. and Fossen, H. 1998. The Use of Dipmeter Data to Constrain the Structural Geology of the Gullfaks Field, Northern North Sea. Marine and Petrol. Geol. 15: 549–573. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0264-8172(98)00028-2.
Irving, A.D., Chavanne, E., Faure, V. et al. 2010. An Uncertainty Modelling Workflow for Structurally Compartmentalized Reservoirs. In Reservoir Compartmentalization, ed. S. Jolley, Q.J. Fisher, P. Vrolijk et al., 347, 283–299. London: Geological Society, Special Publications.
Jolley, S.J., Dijk, H., Lamens, J.H. et al. 2007. Faulting and Fault Sealing in Production Simulation Models: Brent Province, Northern North Sea. Petrol. Geosci. 13: 321–340. http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/1354-079306-733.
Kalman, R.E. 1960. A New Approach to Linear Filtering and Prediction Problems. Trans. of the American Soc. Mechanical Eng.—J. Basic Eng. 82 (D): 35–45.
Knai, T.A. and Knipe, R.J. 1998. The Impact of Faults on Fluid Flow in the Heidrun Field. In Faulting and Fault Sealing in Hydrocarbon Reservoirs, ed. G. Jones, Q.J. Fisher, and R.J. Knipe, 147, 269–282. London: Geological Society, Special Publications.
Lecour, M., Cognot, R., Duvinage, I. et al. 2001. Modelling of Stochastic Faults and Fault Networks in a Structural Uncertainty Study. Petroleum Geosci. 7: S31–S42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/petgeo.7.S.S31.
Leeuwenbergh, O., Peeters, E., and Wilschut, F. 2011. Towards an Integrated Workflow for Structural Reservoir Model Updating and History Matching. Presented at the SPE EUROPEC/EAGE Annual Conference, Vienna, Austria, 23–26 May. SPE-143576-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/143576-MS.
Leverett, M.C. 1941. Capillary Behavior in Porous Solids. Trans. of the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petrol. Eng. 142: 159–172.
Manzocchi, T., Heath, A.E., Palananthakumar, B. et al. 2008. Faults in Conventional Flow Simulation Models: A Consideration of Representational Assumptions and Geological Uncertainties. Petrol. Geosci. 14: 91–110. http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/1354-079306-775.
Manzocchi, T., Walsh, J.J., Nell, P.A.R. et al. 1999. Fault Transmissibility Multipliers for Flow Simulation Models. Petrol. Geosci. 5 (1): 53–63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/petgeo.5.1.53.
Nocedal, J. and Wright, S.J. 1999. Numerical Optimization. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Seiler, A., Aanonsen, S.I., Evensen, G. et al. 2010. Structural Surface Uncertainty Modelling and Updating Using the Ensemble Kalman Filter. SPE J. 15 (4): 1068–1082. SPE-125352-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/125352-PA.
Seiler, A., Evensen, G., Skjervheim, J.-A. et al. 2009. Advanced Reservoir Management Workflow Using an EnKF Based Assisted History Matching Method. Presented at the SPE Reservoir Simulation Symposium, The Woodlands, Texas, 2–4 February. SPE-118906-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/118906-MS.
Srivastava, M.R. 1992. Reservoir Characterization With Probability Field Simulation. Presented at the SPE 67th Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Washington, DC, 4–7 October. SPE-24753-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/24753-MS.
Sverdrup, E., Helgesen, J., and Vold, J. 2003. Sealing Properties of Faults and Their Influence on Water-Alternating-Gas Injection Efficiency in the Snorre Field, Northern North Sea. American Assoc. of Petrol. Geologists Bull. 87 (9): 1437–1458. http://dx.doi.org/10.1306/04110301041.
Thore, P., Shtuka, A., Lecour, M. et al. 2002. Structural Uncertainties: Determination, Management, and Applications. Geophysics 67 (3): 840–852.
TransGen. 2006. User Notes and Technical Description, version 3.2. Hundleby, Lincolnshire, UK: Badley Geoscience Ltd.
Yielding, G. 2002. Shale Gouge Ratio—Calibration by Geohistory. In Hydrocarbon Seal Quantification, ed. A.G. Koestler and R. Hunsdale, 11, 1–15. Amsterdam: Elsevier, Norwegian Petroleum Society Special Publications.
Yielding, G., Freeman, B., and Needham, D.T. 1997. Quantitative Fault Seal Prediction. American Assoc. of Petrol. Geologists Bull. 81 (6): 897–917.