The High-Pressure/High-Temperature Completion Landscape—Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow
- Douglas J. Lehr (Baker Hughes) | Scott Collins (Baker Hughes Inc)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Drilling & Completion
- Publication Date
- September 2015
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 187 - 197
- 2015.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- HPHT, intervention tools, industry standards and specifications, completion tools
- 6 in the last 30 days
- 571 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 10.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 30.00|
High-pressure/high-temperature (HP/HT) wells demand the highest-performance equipment and services for the safe and successful completion of these high-risk and high-cost projects. The demands associated with logging, shoe-track isolation, equipment longevity and service life, completion and intervention options, and regulatory compliance push the limits of materials and services. The successful completion of HP/HT wells requires advanced materials evaluations, collaboration among many disciplines, and sufficient time for product development and assessment to meet current industry and regulatory standards. The tools used in HP/HT completions are usually developed to meet the demands of a well or a family of wells. These tools include, but are not limited to, wellbore-isolation plugs, production packers, liner hangers, perforating guns, casing-collar-locator (CCL) tools, formation-evaluation tools, seal assemblies, and subsurface safety valves. The methods used for HP/HT tool development are evolving, and the development cycles are lengthening, particularly for ultra-HP/HT applications in which materials screening and stability assessments are required. The development of tools for several recent Gulf of Mexico ultra-HP/HT wells required a multiyear schedule for development to industry and regulatory requirements. Because of their extreme depths, ultra-HP/HT wells are typically constructed architecture emphasizing small production casings across production intervals. This complicates cementing procedures, and severely limits product options. From an intervention standpoint, work-string options also become limited. Achieving mechanical success in these applications requires the operator to manage not only traditional resources such as time, people, and cash, but also the development of new high-performance technologies in an evolving regulatory environment. What can the industry anticipate for future HP/HT wells in terms of architecture, product development, and regulatory challenges? This paper reviews the industry’s history in these areas, identifies current development paradigms, and discusses the future challenges in well planning and product development.
|File Size||719 KB||Number of Pages||11|
API 14A. 2005. Specification For Subsurface Safety Valve Equipment, eleventh edition. http://infostore.saiglobal.com/store/details.aspx?ProductID=1588111
API TR 1PER15K-1. 2013. Protocol for Verification and Validation of HP/HT Equipment. In Technical Report 1PER15K-1.
API 17TR8. 2015. API Technical Report 17TR8, first edition. http://www.api.org/~/media/files/publications/whats%20new/17tr8_e1%20pa.pdf
ANSI/API 11D1. 2009. Packers and Bridge Plugs, second edition.
ANSI/NACE MR0175/ISO 15156. 2009. Packers and Bridge Plugs, second edition.
Brown, A., Farrow, C., and Cowie, J. 2007. The Rhum Field: A Successful HP/HT Gas Subsea Development (Case History). Paper presented at the Offshore Europe 2007 Meeting, Aberdeen, 4–7 September. SPE-108942-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/108942-MS.
Cesar, L., Palagi, O., Ribiero, J. S. et al. 2013. The Development and Production of Cascade and Chinook Fields in the Gulf of Mexico—An Overview. Paper presented at the Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, USA, 6–9 May. OTC-24156.
Coulston, S. 2014. What Does 20-Year Life Mean in the Downhole Industry? Paper presented at the 2014 SPE-ASPE Advanced Technology Workshop, Precision Tools in HP/HT Applications–Filling the Gaps, Austin, Texas, USA, 1–2 April.
Deng, G., Doane, J., and Ruffo, A. 2013. Design Verification, Optimization, and Validation of an Ultra HP/HT Production and Completion Tools. Paper presented at the 2013 Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, USA 30 September–2 October. SPE-166231-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/166231-MS.
Denney, D. 2012. Well-Testing Operations in High-Temperature Environments—Worldwide Experiences and Best Practices. J Pet Technol. 63 (2): 76–77. SPE-0211-0076-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/0211-0076-PA.
Doane, J., Deng, G., and Collins, S. 2012. A Completion Technology Milestone—The First 25,000 psi 500°F Packer Seal System. Paper presented at the 2012 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, USA, 8–10 October. SPE-159182-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/159182-MS.
Doane, J., Guijun, D., and Collins, S. 2013. Pushing the Boundary of Ultra HP/HT Completion Technology: The First 20,000-psi 470°F Permanent Production Packer for As-rolled Casing. Paper presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference, Beijing, 26–28 March. IPTC-16852.
Fort, J. 2000. The Elgin/Franklin Project: Developing the Largest High Pressure/High Temperature Fields in the World. Paper presented at the Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, USA, 1 May. OTC-12117-MS.
Furlan, W. 2014. Solving Life Predictive O-Ring Sealing Issues in Drilling Applications With the Use of Compressive Stress Relaxation and Accelerated Aging Techniques. Paper presented at the Element Oilfield Engineering With Polymers 2014, the 9th International Conference on Non-Metallic Materials in Oil and Gas Sexctor Applications.
Hahn, D. E., Burke, L. H., and MacKenzie, S. F. 2003. Completion Design and Implementation in Challenging HP/HT Wells in California. SPE Drill & Compl 18 (4): 293–303. SPE-86911-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/86911-PA.
Hahn, D., Atkins, M., Russell, J. et al. 2005a. Gulf Of Mexico Shelf Deep Ultra HP/HT Completions— Current Technology Gaps. Paper presented at the 2005 SPE High Pressure/High Temperature Sour Well Design Applied Technology Workshop, The Woodlands, Texas, USA, 17–19 May. SPE-97560-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/97560-MS.
Hahn, D., Atkins, M., Russell, J. et al. 2005b. Gulf of Mexico Shelf Deep Ultra HP/HT Completions—Current Technology Gaps. Paper presented at the 2005 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Dallas, Texas, USA, 9–12 October. SPE-97300-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/97300-MS.
Hamby Jr., T. W., Broussard, L. P., and Taylor, D. B. 1976. Producing Mississippi’s Deep, High-Pressure Sour Gas. J Pet Technol 28 (6): 629–638. SPE-5604-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/5604-PA.
Hamby Jr., T. W. 1981. Development of High-Pressure Sour Gas Technology, SPE 8309-PA, J Pet Technol 33 (5): 792–798. SPE-8309-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/8309-PA.
Hoshman, R. 2014. Approval Process for HP/HT. Paper presented at the 2014 SPE-ASPE Advanced Technology Workshop, Precision Tools in HP/HT Applications—Filling the Gaps, Austin, Texas, USA, 1–2 April.
Humphreys, A. and Ross, R. 2009. Delivering a Fully Qualified HP/HT Production Packer Following Field Failure. SPE Drill & Compl. 24 (1): 191–199. SPE-105736-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/105736-PA.
Jack/St. Malo, SubSeaIQ. 4 December 2014, http://www.subseaiq.com/data/Project.aspx?project_id=340, (accessed 4 May 2015).
Jezdimirovic, S., Marple, A., Maleyran, Jean-Marc et al. 2012. Overcoming Field Development Challenges in Depleting Ultra HP/HT West Franklin Field. Paper presented at the Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, Texas, USA, 30 April–3 May. OTC-22997-MS.
Joyce, R. 2014. Advanced Testing of HP/HT Downhole Assemblies for Improved Reliability. Paper presented at the 2014 SPE-ASPE Advanced Technology Workshop, Precision Tools in HP/HT Applications—Filling the Gaps, Austin, Texas, USA, 1–2 April.
Kristin, SubSeaIQ. 2014. http://www.subseaiq.com/data/Project.aspx?project_id=202 (accessed 4 May 2015).
Lehr, D. and Collins, S. D. 2014. HP/HT Product Design, An Evolving Landscape—Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow. Paper presented at SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Amsterdam, 27–29 October. SPE-170919-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/170919-MS.
Maldonado, B., Arrazola, A., and Morton, B. 2006. Ultradeep HP/HT Completions: Design Methodologies, and Technical Challenges. Paper presented at the Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, USA, 1–4 May. OTC-17927-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.4043/17927-MS.
Mallory Nomack. 2010. 25 September 2010. Deep Natural Gas in the Gulf of Mexico, http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/51cbefae7896bb431f69e901 (accessed 4 May 2015).
McClean, C., Myers, B., and Talapatra, D. 2014a. Ultra-HP/HT Perforating System Opens Access to Untapped Reservoirs. Paper presented at the World Oil Conference, September, pages 45–49.
McClean, C., Myers, B., and Talapatra, D. 2014b. Ultra-High Pressure Perforating System Development. Paper presented at the SPE Deepwater Drilling and Completions Conference, Galveston, Texas, USA, 10–11 September. SPE-170300-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/170300-MS.
McDermott, J. R. and Martin III, B. L. 1992. Completion Design for Deep, Sour Norphlet Gas Wells Offshore. Paper presented at the 67th Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Washington, DC, USA, 4–7 October. SPE-24772-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/24772-MS.
Palmer, I. A. C. 2005. Jade North Sea HP/HT Development: Innovative Well Design Generates Best in Class Performance. Paper presented at the SPE/IADC Drilling Conference, Amsterdam, 23–25 February. SPE-92218-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/92218-MS.
Ravi, K., Bosma, M., and Hunter, P. L. 2003. Optimizing the Cement Sheath Design in HP/HT Shearwater Field. Paper presented at the SPE/IADC Drilling Conference, Amsterdam, 19–21 February. SPE/IADC-79905-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/79905-MS.
Reich, M., Picksak, A., and John, W. 2000. Competitive Performance Drilling With High-Speed Downhole Motors in Hard and Abrasive Formations. Paper presented at the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference, New Orleans, USA, 23–25 February. SPE-59215-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/59215-MS.
Rossenfoss, S. 2015. In Search of Better Reservoir Imaging Using Fiber Optic Receivers Downhole. J Pet Technol 66 (6): 58–65. SPE-0614-0058-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/0614-0058-PA.
Ruffo, A., Guijun, D., and Doane, J. 2013. A State-of-the-Art Completion Technological Innovation: The first 25,000-psi 500°F Permanent Bridge Plug. Paper presented at the 2013 Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, USA, 30 September–2 October. SPE-166382-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/166382-MS.
Segura, J. 2011. Drillpipe Cutting at Ultrahigh Pressure Proven for Remediating Deepwater Stuck-Pipe Hazards. SPE Drill & Compl 26 (4): 569–577. SPE-139511-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/139511-PA.
Shaughnessy, J. M. and Locke, H. A. 2000. 20-Plus Years of Tuscaloosa Drilling: Continuously Optimizing HTHP Wells. Paper presented at the 2000 SPE/IADC Drilling Conference, New Orleans, USA, 23–25 February. SPE/IADC-59181-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/59181-MS.
Shivers III, R. M. and Brubaker, J. P. 1995. Development Planning for the HP/HT Erskine Field. Paper presented at the Offshore Europe Conference, Aberdeen, 5–8 September.
Stolboushkin, E., Zuklic, S., and Peterson, R. 2013. Novel Electro-Hydraulic Intelligent Firing Head for Tubing Conveyed Perforating. Paper presented at the 2013 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, USA, 30 September–2 October. SPE-166248-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/166248-MS.
Tahiti, SubSeaIQ. 21 February 2011, http://www.subseaiq.com/data/Project.aspx?project_id=127, (accessed 4 May 2015).
Thompson, G. 2012. Subsurface Safety Valve Design, Development, and Qualification Testing Considerations for Ultra HP/HT Applications. Paper presented at the World Oil Conference.
Thompson, G., Patterson, R., and Sloan, J. 2012. Design and Development Considerations for HP/HT Safety Valves. Paper presented at the Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, USA, 30 April–3 May. OTC-23429.
Thunderhorse, SubSeaIQ. 7 February 2013, http://www.subseaiq.com/data/Project.aspx?project_id=129, (accessed 4 May 2015).
Watson, A. and Castro, B. 2012. High-Temperature Electronics Pose Design and Reliability Challenges, Analogue Dialogue 46-04.
Weiss, M. 1998. Today’s Technology— Can It Take the Heat? Petroleum Engineer International 71 (9).
Zeringue, R. 2005. HP/HT Completion Challenges. Paper presented at the 2005 SPE High Pressure/High Temperature Sour Well Design Applied Technology Workshop, The Woodlands, Texas, USA, 17–19 May. SPE-97689-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/97689-MS.
Zeringue, R. 2006. Ultra-HP/HT Conditions Will Be the Next Challenge. Oil & Gas J.