Kinetics of the In-Situ Upgrading of Heavy Oil by Nickel Nanoparticle Catalysts and Its Effect on Cyclic-Steam-Stimulation Recovery Factor
- Yousef Hamedi Shokrlu (University of Alberta) | Tayfun Babadagli (University of Alberta)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering
- Publication Date
- August 2014
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 355 - 364
- 2014.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 2.5.2 Fracturing Materials (Fluids, Proppant), 5.4.6 Thermal Methods, 5.7.2 Recovery Factors
- residual oil saturation, nanometal catalysts, aquathermolysis reaction kineticss, in-situ upgrading, cyclic steam stimulation
- 3 in the last 30 days
- 463 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 10.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 30.00|
The effect of nickel nanoparticles on in-situ upgrading of heavy oil (HO) during aquathermolysis and the effect of this process on the recovery through cyclic steam injection were studied. High-temperature experiments were conducted with a benchtop reactor to study the kinetics of the reactions among oil, water, and sandstones in the presence and absence of the nickel nanoparticles. Eighteen experiments were conducted at three different temperatures and at three different lengths of time, and the evolved hydrogen sulfide during the reaction was analyzed. The kinetic analysis showed that nickel nanoparticles reduce the activation energy of the reactions corresponding to the generation of hydrogen sulfide by approximately 50%. This reaction was the breakage of C-S bonds in the organosulfur compounds of the HO. The maximal catalysis effect was observed to be at a temperature of approximately 270°C. Also, the simulated-distillation gas-chromatography (GC) analysis of the oil sample, after the aquathermolysis reactions, confirmed the catalysis effect of nickel nanoparticles. According to this analysis, by catalytic process, the concentration of the components lighter than C30 increased whereas the concentration of heavier components decreased. Next, the effect of the catalytic aquathermolysis on the recovery factor of the steam-stimulation technique was studied. The stimulation experiments consisted of three injection/soaking/production phases. The results showed that the nickel nanoparticles increased the recovery factor by approximately 22% when the nanoparticles were injected with a cationic surfactant and xanthan-gum polymer. This increase of recovery was approximately 7% more than that of the experiment conducted with the surfactant and polymer only.
|File Size||779 KB||Number of Pages||10|
Anhorn, J.L. and Badakhshan, A. 1994. MTBE. A Carrier for Heavy Oil Transportation and Viscosity Mixing Rule Applicability. J Can Pet Technol 33 (4): 17–21. SPE-94-04-02-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/94-04-02-PA.
Clark, P.D., Clarke, R.A., Hyne, J.B. et al. 1990. Studies on the Chemical Reactions of Heavy Oils Under Steam Stimulation Conditions. AOSTRA J. Res. 6 (1): 29–39.
Clark, P.D., Clarke, R.A., Hyne, J.B. et al. 1990a. Studies on the Effect of Metal Species on Oil Sands Undergoing Steam Treatments. AOSTRA J. Res. 6 (1): 53–64.
Fan, H., Zhang, Y., and Lin, Y. 2004. The Catalytic Effects of Minerals on Aquathermolysis of Heavy Oils. Fuel 83 (14–-15): 2035–2039.
Hamedi S.Y. and Babadagli, T. 2010. Effects of Nano Sized Metals on Viscosity Reduction of Heavy Oil/Bitumen During Thermal Applications. Presented at the SPE Unconventional Resources and International Petroleum Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. CSUG/SPE- 137540. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/137540-MS.
Hamedi Shokrlu, Y. and Babadagli, T. 2013c. Behavior of Nano-Metal Particles in Porous Media in the Presence of Aqueous and Oleic Phases. Submitted to Ind. and Eng. Chem. Res.
Hamedi Shokrlu, Y. and Babadagli, T. 2013a. In-Situ Upgrading of Heavy Oil/Bitumen During Steam Injection by Use of Metal Nanoparticles: A Study on In-Situ Catalysis and Catalyst Transportation. SPE Res Eval & Eng 16 (3): 333–344.
Hamedi Shokrlu, Y., Maham, Y., Tan, X. et al. 2013b. Enhancement of the Efficiency of In-Situ Combustion Technique for Heavy Oil Recovery by Application of Nickel Ions. Fuel 105: 397–407.
Hyne, J.B. 1986. Aquathermolysis—A Synopsis of Work on the Chemical Reactions Between Water (Steam) and Heavy Oil Sands During Simulated Steam Stimulation. Synopsis Report No. 50, AOSTRA Contracts No. 11, 103, 103B/C.
Hyne, J.B., Clark, P.D., Clarke, R.A. et al. 1982. Aquathermolysis of Heavy Oils. Presented at the Second International Conference on Heavy Crudes and Tar Sands, UNITAR, Caracas, 7–17 February.
Kapadia, P.R., Kallos, M.S. and Gates, I.D. 2012. A New Reaction Model for Aquathermolysis of Athabasca Bitumen. Can. J. Chem. Eng. 91 (3): 475–482.
Li, W., Zhu, J. and Qi, J. 2007. Application of Nano-Nickel Catalyst in the Viscosity Reduction of Liaohe-Heavy Oil by Aquathermolysis. J. Fuel Chem. Technol. 35 (2): 176–180.
Luo, P. and Gu, Y. 2006. Effects of Asphaltene Content on the Heavy Oil Viscosity at Different Temperatures. Fuel 86 (7–8): 1069–1078.
Rahimi, P.M. and Gentzis, T. 2006. The Chemistry of Bitumen and Heavy Oil Processing. In Practical Advances in Petroleum Processing, ed. C.S. Hsu and P.R. Robinson, Chap. 19, 149–179, SpringerLink.
Ramirez-Garnica, M.A., Hernandez-Perez, J.R., Cabrera-Reyes, M.C. et al. 2008. Increase Oil Recovery of Heavy Oil in Combustion Tube Using a New Catalyst Based Nickel Ionic Solution. Presented at the International Thermal Operations and Heavy Oil Symposium, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 20–23 October.
Vyazovkin, S., Burnham, A., Criado, J.M. et al. 2011. ICTAC Kinetics Committee Recommendations for Performing Kinetic Computations on Thermal Analysis Data. Thermochem Acta 520 (1–2): 1–19.