- Boolean operators
- This OR that
This AND that
This NOT that
- Must include "This" and "That"
- This That
- Must not include "That"
- This -That
- "This" is optional
- This +That
- Exact phrase "This That"
- "This That"
- (this AND that) OR (that AND other)
- Specifying fields
- publisher:"Publisher Name"
author:(Smith OR Jones)
Use of Carbon Dioxide and Hydrocarbon Solvents During the Method of Steam-Over-Solvent Injection in Fractured Reservoirs for Heavy-Oil Recovery From Sandstones and Carbonates
- Khosrow Naderi (University of Alberta) | Tayfun Babadagli (University of Alberta)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering
- Publication Date
- May 2014
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 286 - 301
- 2014.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 2.4.3 Sand/Solids Control, 5.4.7 Chemical Flooding Methods (e.g., Polymer, Solvent, Nitrogen, Immiscible CO2, Surfactant, Vapex), 4.1.9 Heavy Oil Upgrading
- solvent retrieval, steam injection, solvent injection, fractured carbonates, wettability
- 5 in the last 30 days
- 538 since 2007
- Show more detail
Because of low efficiencies and the high cost of the individual injection of steam and solvent for heavy-oil recovery, their hybrid applications have gained significant attention recently. Although numerous laboratory studies exist and there are a considerable number of field projects for sandstone environments, fractured carbonates lack technologies to drain matrix oil efficiently. An alternative-method injection of solvent and steam was proposed and tested earlier (Babadagli and Al-Bahlani 2008). This process applies steam initially to condition the matrix oil for succeeding solvent injection and steam reinjection to retrieve solvent in the matrix and to recover additional upgraded oil. The present study uses carbon dioxide (CO2) as a solvent and compares it with hydrocarbon solvents in this type of application. To clarify the physics of the process and to test the applicability of the method for different reservoir and injection conditions, we conducted a series of experiments by first injecting steam, followed by CO2 injection. In the third cycle, steam was injected again to produce upgraded oil in the matrix. The experiments were performed under static conditions (soaking sand and carbonate samples in steam or CO2 chambers) at different temperatures and pressures. CO2 is shown to be a reasonable alternative for hydrocarbon solvents in such a process in terms of cost and benefits by reducing the solvent expenses, keeping the oil-production levels, and disposing of a greenhouse gas.
Adam, L., Otheim, T., van Wijk, K. et al. 2011. CO2 Sequestration in Basalt: Carbonate Mineralization and Fluid Substitution. Paper SEG 2011–2108 presented at the SEG Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, 18–23 September.
Al-Bahlani, A.M. and Babadagli, T. 2008. Heavy-Oil Recovery in Naturally Fractured Reservoirs With varying Wettability by Steam Solvent Co-Injection. Paper SPE 117626 presented at the 2008 SPE International Thermal Operations and Heavy Oil Symposium, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 20–23 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/117626-MS.
Al-Bahlani, A.M. and Babadagli, T. 2009a. Steam-Over-Solvent Injection in Fractured reservoirs (SOS-FR) for Heavy-Oil Recovery: Experimental Analysis of the Mechanism. Paper SPE 123568 presented at the 2009 SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Jakarta, Indonesia, 4–6 August. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/123568-MS.
Al-Bahlani, A.M. and Babadagli, T. 2009b. Laboratory and Field-Scale Analysis of Steam Over Solvent Injection in Fractured Reservoirs (SOS-FR) for Heavy-Oil Recovery. Paper SPE 124047 presented at the 2009 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, Louisiana, 4–7 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/124047-MS.
Al-Bahlani, A.M. and Babadagli, T. 2010. Efficiency Analysis of Steam-Over-Solvent Injection in Fractured Reservoirs (SOS-FR) Method for Heavy-Oil Recovery. Paper SPE 132458 presented at the Western North America Regional Meeting, Anaheim, California, 26–30 May. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/132458-MS.
Al-Shizawi, A., Denby, P.G. and Marsden, G. 1997. Heat-Front Monitoring in the Qarn Alam Thermal GOGD Pilot. Paper SPE 37781 presented at the 1997 Mid. East Oil Show, Bahrain, 15–18 March. http://dx.doi.orh/10.2118/37781-MS.
Asghari, K. and Torabi, F. 2007. Experimental Study of Extent and Rate of Gravity Drainage of Oil From Matrix Into Fractures in Presence of Miscible and Immiscible CO2. Paper 2007-120 presented at the Petroleum Society 8th Canadian International Petroleum Conference (58th Annual Technical Meeting), Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 12–14 June. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/2007-120-MS.
Babadagli, T. and Al-Bahlani, A.M. 2008. Hydrocarbon Recovery Process for Fractured Reservoirs. Canadian Patent Application, Serial No: 2,639,997 filed on October 6, 2008.
Babadagli, T. and Al-Bemani, A. 2007. Investigations on Matrix Recovery During Steam Injection Into Heavy-Oil Containing Carbonate Rocks. J. Pet. Sci. & Eng. 58 (1–2): 259–274. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/j.petrol.2007.01.003.
Babadagli, T., Sahin, S., Kalfa, U. et al. 2009. Evaluation of Steam Injection Potential and Improving Ongoing CO2 Injection of the Bati Raman Field, Turkey. J. Pet. Sci. & Eng. 68 (1–2): 107–117. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/115400-PA.
Beliveau, D., Payne, D.A., and Mundry, M. 1993. Waterflood and CO2 Flood of the Fractured Midale Field. J. Pet Tech 45 (9): 881–817. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/22946-PA.
Butler, R.M. and Mokrys, I.J. 1989. Solvent Analog Model for Steam-Assisted Gravity Drainage. AOSTRA J. of Res. 5: 17–32.
Coskuner, G., Naderi, K., and Babadagli, T. 2013. An Enhanced Oil Recovery Technology as a Follow Up to Cold Heavy-Oil Production With Sand. Paper SPE 165385 presented at the SPE Heavy Oil Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 11–13 June. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/165385-MS.
Darvish, G.R., Lindeberg, E., Holt, T. et al. 2006a. Laboratory Experiments of Tertiary CO2 Injection Into a Fractured Core. Paper SPE 99649 presented at the 2006 SPE/DOE Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 22–26 April. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/99649-MS.
Darvish, G.R., Lindeberg, E., Holt, T. et al. 2006b. Reservoir-Conditions Laboratory Experiments of CO2 Injection into Fractured Cores. Paper SPE 99650 presented at the SPE Europec/EAGE Annual Conference and Exhibition, Vienna, Austria, 12–15 June. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/99650-MS.
Das, S. 2002. VAPEX—A Unique Canadian Technology. J. Cdn. Pet. Tech. 41 (8): 32–34.
Grigg, R.B. and Svec, R.K. 2003. Co-Injected CO2-Brine Interactions With Indiana Limestone. Paper SCA 2003-19 presented at the International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts, Pau, France, 21–23 September.
Himmelblau, D.M. 1989. Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Karimaie, H., Darvish, G.R., Lindeberg, E. et al. 2008. Secondary and Tertiary Gas Injection in Fractured Carbonate Rock. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 62 (1–2): 45–51.
Macaulay, R.C., Krafft, J.M., Hartemink, M. et al. 1995. Design of a Steam Pilot in a Fractured Carbonate Reservoir—Qarn Alam Field, Oman. Paper SPE 30300 presented at the International Heavy Oil Symposium, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 19–21 June. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/30300-MS.
Mathis, R.L. and Sears, S.O. 1984. Effect of CO2 Flooding on Dolomite Reservoir Rock, Denver Unit, Wasson (San Andres) Field, Texas. Paper SPE 13132 presented at the 59th Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Houston, Texas, 16–19 September. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/13132-MS.
McCain, W.D. 1990. The Properties of Petroleum Fluids. Tulsa, Oklahoma: PennWell Publishing Company.
Mohammed, M. and Babadagli, T. 2013. Efficiency of Solvent Retrieval During Steam-Over-Solvent Injection in Fractured Reservoirs (SOS-FR) Method: Core-Scale Experimentation. Paper SPE 165528 presented at the SPE Heavy-Oil Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 11–13 June. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/165528-MS.
Naderi, K. and Babadagli T. 2012a. Field-Scale Application of the SOS-FR (Steam-Over-Solvent Injection in Fractured Reservoirs) Method: Optimal Operating Conditions. Paper SPE 154088 presented at the 18th SPE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 14–18 April. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/154088-MS.
Naderi, K. and Babadagli, T. 2012b. Experimental Analysis of Heavy-Oil Recovery and CO2 Storage by Alternate Injection of Steam and CO2 in Deep Naturally Fractured Reservoir. Paper SPE 146738 presented at the 2012 Heavy-Oil Conference Canada, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 12–14 June. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/146738-MS.
Naderi, K., Babadagli, T., and Coskuner, G. 2013. Bitumen Recovery by the SOS-FR (Steam-Over-Solvent Injection in Fractured Reservoirs) Method: An Experimental Study on Grosmont Carbonates. Paper SPE 165530 accepted for presentation at 2013 SPE Heavy-Oil Conference Canada, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 11–13 June. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/165530-MS.
Pathak, V., Babadagli, T. and Edmunds, N.R. 2011. Heavy-Oil and Bitumen Recovery by Hot Solvent Injection. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 78 (3–4): 637–645.
Pathak, V., Babadagli, T., and Edmunds, N.R. 2012. Mechanics of Heavy-Oil and Bitumen Recovery by Hot Solvent Injection. SPE Res Eval & Eng 15 (2): 182–194. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/144546-PA.
Pathak, V., Babadagli, T., and Edmunds, N.R. 2013. Experimental Investigation of Bitumen Recovery From Fractured Carbonates Using Hot Solvents. Paper accepted for publication in J. Cdn. Pet. Tech.
Penney, R., Baqi Al Lawati, S., Hinai, R. et al. 2007. First Full-Field Steam Injection in a Fractured Carbonate at Qarn Alam, Oman. Paper SPE 105406 presented at the 15th SPE Middle East Oil and Gas Show and Conference, Bahrain, 11–14 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/105406-MS.
Penney, R., Moosa, R., Shahin G. et al. 2005. Steam Injection in Fractured Carbonate Reservoirs: Starting a New Trend in EOR. Paper IPTC 10727 presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference, Doha, Qatar, 21–23 November.
Sedaee Sola, B. and Rashidi, F. 2006. Application of the SAGD to an Iranian Carbonate Heavy-Oil Reservoir. Paper SPE 100533 presented at the 2006 SPE Western Regional/AAPG Pacific Section/GSA Cordilleran Section Joint Meeting, Anchorage, Alaska, 8–10 May. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/100533-MS.
Shahin, G.T. Jr., Moosa, R., Kharusi, B. et al. 2006. The Physics of Steam Injection in Fractured Carbonate Reservoirs: Engineering Development Options That Minimize Risk. Paper SPE 102186 presented at the 2006 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, 24–27 September. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/102186-MS.
Tang, G., Inouye, A., Lee, V. et al. 2012. Investigation of Recovery Mechanism of Steam Injection in Heavy-Oil Carbonate Reservoir and Mineral Dissolution. Paper SPE 153812 presented at the SPE Western Regional Meeting, Bakersfield, California, 19–23 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/153812-MS.
Tang, G., Inouye, A., Lowry, D. et al. 2011. Recovery Mechanism of Steam Injection in Carbonate Reservoir. Paper SPE 144524 presented at the SPE Western North American Regional Meeting, Anchorage, Alaska, 7–11 May. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/144524-MS.
Thibeau, S., Nghiem, L.X. and Ohkuma, H. 2007. A Modeling Study of the Role of Selected Minerals in Enhancing CO2 Mineralization During CO2 Aquifer Storage. Paper SPE 109739 presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Anaheim, California, 11–14 November. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/109739-MS.
Torabi, F. and Asghari, K. 2007. Performance of CO2 Huff-and-Puff Process in Fractured Media (Experimental Results). Paper 2007-119 presented at the Petroleum Society 8th Canadian International Petroleum Conference (58th Annual Technical Meeting), Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 12–14 June.
Trivedi, J.J. and Babadagli, T. 2008a. Efficiency of Diffusion-Controlled Miscible Displacement in Fractured Porous Media. Transp. Porous Med. 71 (3): 379–394.
Trivedi, J.J. and Babadagli, T. 2008b. Efficiency Analysis of Greenhouse-Gas Sequestration During Miscible CO2 Injection in Fractured Oil Reservoirs. Environ. Sci. Technol. 42 (15): 5473–5479.
Trivedi, J.J. and Babadagli, T. 2008c. Experimental Analysis of CO2-Sequestration Efficiency During Oil Recovery in Naturally Fractured Reservoirs. Paper SPE 117607 presented at the 2008 SPE Eastern Regional/AAPG Eastern Section Joint Meeting, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 11–15 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/117607-MS.
Trivedi, J. and Babadagli, T. 2009a. Oil Recovery and Sequestration Potential of Naturally Fractured Reservoirs During CO2 Injection. Energy and Fuels 23 (8): 4025–4036.
Trivedi, J.J. and Babadagli, T. 2009b. Experimental and Numerical Modeling of the Mass Transfer Between Rock Matrix and Fracture. Chem. Eng. J. 146 (2): 194–204.
Trivedi, J.J. and Babadagli, T. 2010. Experimental Investigations on the Flow Dynamics and Abandonment Pressure for CO2 Sequestration and Oil Recovery in Artificially Fractured Cores. J. Cdn. Pet. Tech. 49 (3): 22–27. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/134245-PA.
Not finding what you're looking for? Some of the OnePetro partner societies have developed subject- specific wikis that may help.
The SEG Wiki
The SEG Wiki is a useful collection of information for working geophysicists, educators, and students in the field of geophysics. The initial content has been derived from : Robert E. Sheriff's Encyclopedic Dictionary of Applied Geophysics, fourth edition.