Investigation of Guided-Particle Transport for Noninvasive Healing of Damaged Piping Systems by Use of Electro-Magneto-Mechanical Methods
- Debanjan Mukherjee (University of California, Berkeley) | Zeyad Zaky (University of California, Berkeley) | Tarek I. Zohdi (University of California, Berkeley) | Amgad Salama (King Abdullah University of Science and Technology) | Shuyu Sun (King Abdullah University of Science and Technology)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- August 2015
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 872 - 883
- 2015.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- electric and magnetic fields, noninvasive healing of pipes, discrete element method
- 3 in the last 30 days
- 134 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 10.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 30.00|
Virtually all engineering applications involve the use of piping, conduits, and channels. In the petroleum industry, piping systems are extensively used in upstream and downstream processes. These piping systems often carry fluids that are corrosive, which leads to wear, cavitation, and cracking. The replacement of damaged piping systems can be quite expensive, both in terms of capital costs and in operational downtime. This motivates the present research on noninvasive healing of cracked piping systems. In this investigation, we propose to develop computational models for characterizing noninvasive repair strategies involving electromagnetically guided particles. The objective is to heal industrial-piping systems noninvasively, from the exterior of the system, during operation, resulting in no downtime, with minimal relative cost. The particle accumulation at a target location is controlled by external electromagnetic/mechanical means. There are two primary effects that play a role for guiding the particles to the solid-fluid interface/wall: mechanical shear caused by the fluid flow, and an electrical or magnetic force. In this work we develop and study a relationship that characterizes contributions of both, and ascertain how this relationship scales with characteristic physical parameters. Characteristic nondimensional parameters that describe system behavior are derived and their role in design is illustrated. A detailed, fully 3D discrete-element-simulation framework is presented, and illustrated by use of a model problem of magnetically guided particles. The detailed particle behavior is considered to be regulated by three effects: the field strength, the mass-flow rate, and the wall interactions.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||12|
Bailey, A. and Hiatt, J. 1972. Sphere Drag Coefficients for a Broad Range of Mach and Reynolds Numbers. AIAA J. 10 (11): 1436–1440. http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/3.50387.
Berlemont, A., Desjonqueres, P. and Gouesbet, G. 1990. Particle Lagrangian Simulation in Turbulent Flows. Int. J. Multiphas. Flow 16 (1): 19–34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0301-9322(90)90034-G.
Chialvo, A.A. and Debenedetti, P.G. 1990. On the Use of the Verlet Neighbor List in Molecular Dynamics. Comput. Phys. Commun. 60 (2): 215–224. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0010-4655(90)90007-N.
Crowe, C.T., Schwarzkopf, J.D., Sommerfeld, M., et al. 2011. Multiphase Flows with Droplets and Particles. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press.
Fritsching, U. 2004. Spray Simulation: Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Sprayforming metals. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Haider, A. and Levenspiel, O. 1989. Drag Coefficient and Terminal Velocity of Spherical and Nonspherical Particles. Powder Technol. 58 (1): 63–70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0032-5910(89)80008-7.
Hatch, A. and Kamholz, A. 2001. A Ferrofluidic Magnetic Micropump. J. Microelectromech. S. 10 (2): 215–221. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/84.925748.
Jordan, A., Scholz, R. and Wust, P. 1999. Magnetic Fluid Hyperthermia (MFH): Cancer Treatment with AC Magnetic Field Induced Excitation of Biocompatible Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 201 (1–3): 413–419. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-8853(99)00088-8.
Kim, I., Elghobashi, S. and Sirignano, W.A. 1998. On the Equation for Spherical-Particle Motion: Effect of Reynolds and Acceleration Numbers. J. Fluid Mech. 367 (1): 221–253. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022112098001657.
Liu, B. and Pui, D. 1974. Electrical Neutralization of Aerosols. J. Aerosol Sci. 5 (5): 465–472. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0021-8502(74)90086-X.
Maxey, M.R. and Riley, J.J. 1983. Equation of Motion for a Small Rigid Sphere in a Nonuniform Flow. Phys. Fluids 26: 883–889. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.864230.
Mei, R. 1994. Flow Due to an Oscillating Sphere and an Expression for Unsteady Drag on the Sphere at Finite Reynolds Number. J. Fluid Mech. 270 (July): 133–174. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022112094004222.
Mei, R. and Adrian, R. 1992. Flow Past a Sphere with an Oscillation in the Free-Stream Velocity and Unsteady Drag at Finite Reynolds Number. J. Fluid Mech. 237 (April): 323–341. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022112092003434.
Oden, J. and Pires, E. 1984. Algorithms and Numerical Results for Finite Element Approximations of Contact Problems with Non-Classical Friction Laws. Comput. Struct. 19 (1–2): 137–147. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0045-7949(84)90212-8.
Odenbach, S. 2003. Ferrofluids—Magnetically Controlled Suspensions. Colloid. Surface. A 217 (1–3): 171–178. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0927-7757(02)00573-3.
Peasley, K.W. 1996. Destruction of Human Immunodeficiency-Infected Cells by Ferrofluid Particles Manipulated by an External Magnetic Field: Mechanical Disruption and Selective Introduction of cytotoxic or antiretroviral substances into target cells. Med. Hypotheses 46 (1): 5–12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0306-9877(96)90226-1.
Pöschel, T. and Schwager, T. 2005. Computational Granular Dynamics: Models and Algorithms. Berlin, Germany: Springer.
Sinha, A., Ganguly, R., De, A.K., et al. 2007. Single Magnetic Particle Dynamics in a Microchannel. Phys. Fluids 19 (11): 117102-1–117102-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2780191.
US Department of Transportation (DOT). 2014. Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, http://phmsa.dot.gov/pipeline/.
Wriggers, P. and Zavarise, G. 2002. Computational Contact Mechanics. Berlin, Germany: Springer.
Zohdi, T.I. 2007. An Introduction to Modeling and Simulation of Particulate Flows. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.
Zohdi, T. 2010. On the Dynamics of Charged Electromagnetic Particulate Jets. Arch. Comput. Method. E. 17 (2): 109–135. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11831-010-9044-3.