Mixtures of Anionic/Cationic Surfactants: A New Approach for Enhanced Oil Recovery in Low-Salinity, High-Temperature Sandstone Reservoir
- Yingcheng Li (Sinopec Shanghai Research Institute of Petrochemical Technology) | Weidong Zhang (Sinopec Shanghai Research Institute of Petrochemical Technology) | Bailing Kong (Sinopec Henan Oil Field Company) | Maura Puerto (Rice University) | Xinning Bao (Sinopec Shanghai Research Institute of Petrochemical Technology) | Ou Sha (Sinopec Shanghai Research Institute of Petrochemical Technology) | Zhiqin Shen (Sinopec Shanghai Research Institute of Petrochemical Technology) | Yiqing Yang (Sinopec Shanghai Research Institute of Petrochemical Technology) | Yanhua Liu (Sinopec Henan Oil Field Company) | Songyuan Gu (Sinopec Shanghai Research Institute of Petrochemical Technology) | Clarence Miller (Rice University) | George J. Hirasaki (Rice University)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- August 2016
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 1,164 - 1,177
- 2016.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- sandstone, anionic surfactant, EOR, cationic surfactant
- 6 in the last 30 days
- 647 since 2007
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Test results indicate that a lipophilic surfactant can be designed by mixing both hydrophilic anionic and cationic surfactants, which broaden the design of novel surfactant methodology and application scope for conventional chemical enhanced-oil-recovery (EOR) methods. These mixtures produced ultralow critical micelle concentrations (CMCs), ultralow interfacial tension (IFT), and high oil solubilization that promote high tertiary oil recovery.
Mixtures of anionic and cationic surfactants with molar excess of anionic surfactant for EOR applications in sandstone reservoirs are described in this study. Physical chemistry properties, such as surface tension, CMC, surface excess, and area per molecule of individual surfactants and their mixtures, were measured by the Wilhelmy (1863) plate method. Morphologies of surfactant solutions, both surfactant/polymer (SP) and alkaline/surfactant/polymer (ASP), were studied by cryogenic-transmission electron microscopy (Cryo-TEM). Phase behaviors were recorded by visual inspection including crossed polarizers at different surfactant concentrations and different temperatures. IFTs between normal octane, crude oil, and surfactant solution were measured by the spinning-drop-tensiometer method. Properties of IFT, viscosity, and thermal stability of surfactant, SP, and ASP solutions were also tested. Static adsorption on sandstone was measured at reservoir temperature. IFT was measured before and after multiple contact adsorptions to recognize the influence of adsorption on interfacial properties. Forced displacements were conducted by flooding with water, SP, and ASP. The coreflooding experiments were conducted with synthetic brine with approximately 5,000 ppm of total dissolved solids (TDS), and with a crude oil from a Sinopec reservoir.
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