- Boolean operators
- This OR that
This AND that
This NOT that
- Must include "This" and "That"
- This That
- Must not include "That"
- This -That
- "This" is optional
- This +That
- Exact phrase "This That"
- "This That"
- (this AND that) OR (that AND other)
- Specifying fields
- publisher:"Publisher Name"
author:(Smith OR Jones)
Field vs. Laboratory Polymer-Retention Values for a Polymer Flood in the Tambaredjo Field
- Renuka N. Manichand (Staatsolie Maatschappij Suriname N.V.) | Randall Seright (New Mexico Tech)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering
- Publication Date
- August 2014
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 314 - 325
- 2014.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 6 Reservoir Description and Dynamics, 6.4 Primary and Enhanced Recovery Processes, 6.4.6 Chemical Flooding Methods (e.g., Polymer, Solvent, Nitrogen, Immiscible CO2, Surfactant, Vapex)
- polymer retention, polymer flooding
- 10 in the last 30 days
- 418 since 2007
- Show more detail
During a polymer flood, polymer retention can have a major impact on the rate of polymer propagation through a reservoir, and consequently on oil recovery. A review of the polymer-retention literature revealed that iron and high-surface-area minerals (e.g., clays) dominate polymer-retention measurements in permeable rock and sand (>100 md). A review of the literature on inaccessible pore volume (IAPV) revealed inconsistent and unexplained behavior. A conservative approach to design of a polymer flood in high-permeability (>1 darcy) sands would assume that IAPV is zero. Laboratory measurements using fluids and sands associated with the Sarah Maria polymer flood in Suriname suggested polymer retention and IAPV values near zero [0±20 µg/g for retention and 0±10% pore volume (PV) for IAPV]. A procedure was developed using salinity-tracer and polymer concentrations from production wells to estimate polymer retention during the Sarah Maria polymer flood in the Tambaredjo reservoir. Field calculations indicated much higher polymer-retention values than those from laboratory tests, typically ranging from approximately 50 to 250 µg/g. Field cores necessarily represent an extremely small fraction of the reservoir. Because of the importance of polymer retention, there is considerable value in deriving polymer retention from field results, so that information can be used in the design of project expansions.
API RP 63, Recommended Practices for Evaluation of Polymers Used in Enhanced Oil Recovery Operations. 1990. Washington, DC: API.
Broseta, D., Medjahed, F., Lecourtier, J., et al. 1995. Polymer Adsorption/Retention in Porous Media: Effects of Core Wettability and Residual Oil. SPE Advanced Technology Series 3 (1): 103–112. SPE-24149-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/24149-PA.
Camilleri, D., Engelsen, S., Lake, L.W., et al. 1987. Description of an Improved Compositional Micellar/Polymer Simulator. SPE Res Eng 2 (4): 427–432. SPE-13967-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/13967-PA.
Casassa, E.F. 1967. Equilibrium Distribution of Flexible Polymer Chains Between a Macroscopic Solution Phase and Small Voids. J. Polym. Sci. Pol. Lett. 5 (9): 773–778. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pol.1967.110050907.
Castagno, R.E., Shupe, R.D., Gregory, M.D., et al. 1987. Method for Laboratory and Field Evaluation of a Proposed Polymer Flood. SPE Res Eng 2 (4): 452–460. SPE-13124-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/13124-PA.
Chauveteau, G. 1981. Molecular Interpretation of Several Different Properties of Flow of Coiled Polymer Solutions Through Porous Media in Oil Recovery Conditions. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, 4–7 October. SPE-10060-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/10060-MS.
Chauveteau, G., Denys, K., and Zaitoun, A. 2002. New Insight on Polymer Adsorption under High Flow Rates. Presented at the SPE/DOE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 13–17 April. SPE-75183-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/75183-MS.
Chauveteau, G., Lecourtier, J., and Lee, L.T. 1987. Reduction of Polymer Adsorption on Reservoir Rocks. Oral presentation given at the 4th European Symposium on Enhanced Oil Recovery, Hamburg, Germany, 27–29 October.
Chiappa, L., Mennella, A., Lockhart, T.P., et al. 1999. Polymer Adsorption at the Brine/Rock Interface: The Role of Electrostatic Interactions and Wettability. J. Petrol. Sci. Eng. 24 (2–4): 113–122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0920-4105(99)00035-2.
Cohen, Y., and Christ, F.R. 1986. Polymer Retention and Adsorption in the Flow of Polymer Solutions through Porous Media. SPE Res Eng 1 (2): 113–118. SPE-12942-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/12942-PA.
Dabbous, M.K. 1977. Displacement of Polymers in Waterflooded Porous Media and Its Effects on a Subsequent Micellar Flood. SPE J. 17 (5): 358–368. SPE-6203-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/6203-PA.
Dang, C.T.Q., Chen, Z., Nguyen, N.T.B., et al. 2011. Development of Isotherm Polymer/Surfactant Adsorption Models in Chemical Flooding. Presented at the SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition. Jakarta, Indonesia, 20–22 September. SPE-147872-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/147872-MS.
Dawson, R., and Lantz, R.B. 1972. Inaccessible Pore Volume in Polymer Flooding. SPE J. 12 (5): 448–452. SPE-3522-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/3522-PA.
De Gennes, P-G. 1979. Scaling Concepts in Polymer Physics. Cornell University Press: Ithaca, New York.
Dimarzio, E.A. 1965. Proper Accounting of Conformations of a Polymer Near a Surface. J. Phys. Chem. 42: 2101–2106. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1696251.
Dominguez, J.G. and Willhite, G.P. 1977. Retention and Flow Characteristics of Polymer Solutions in Porous Media. SPE J. 17 (2): 111–121. SPE-5835-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/5835-PA.
Fletcher, A.J.P., Flew, S.R.G., Lamb, S.P., et al. 1991. Measurements of Polysaccharide Polymer Properties in Porous Media. Presented at the SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, Anaheim, California, 20–22 February. SPE-21018-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/21018-MS.
Friedmann, F. 1986. Surfactant and Polymer Losses During Flow Through Porous Media. SPE Res Eng 1 (3): 261–271. SPE-11779-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/11779-PA.
Gilman, J.R. and MacMillan, D.J. 1987. Improved Interpretation of the Inaccessible Pore-Volume Phenomenon. SPE Form Eval 2 (4): 442–448. SPE-13499-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/13499-PA.
Gogarty, W.B. 1967. Mobility Control with Polymer Solutions. SPE J. 7 (2): 161–173. SPE-1566-B. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/1566-B.
Green, D.W., and Willhite, G.P. 1998. Enhanced Oil Recovery, Vol. 6, 100–185. Richardson, Texas: Textbook Series, SPE.
Gupta, S.P. and Trushenski, S.P. 1978. Micellar Flooding—The Propagation of the Polymer Mobility Buffer Bank. SPE J. 18 (1): 5–12. SPE-6204-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/6204-PA.
He, Q., Young, T.S., Willhite, G.P., et al. 1990. Measurement of Molecular Weight Distribution of Polyacrylamides in Core Effluents. SPE Res Eng 5 (3): 333–338. SPE-17343-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/17343-PA.
Hirasaki, G.J. and Pope, G.A. 1974. Analysis of Factors Influencing Mobility and Adsorption in the Flow of Polymer Solution Through Porous Media. SPE J. 14 (4): 337–346. SPE-4026-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/4026-PA.
Huang, Y., and Sorbie, K.S. 1993. Scleroglucan Behavior in Flow through Porous Media: Comparison of Adsorption and In-Situ Rheology with Xanthan. Presented at the 1993 International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, New Orleans, Louisiana, 2–5 March. SPE-25173-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/25173-MS.
Hughes, D.S., Teew, D., Cottrell, C.W., et al. 1990. Appraisal of the Use of Polymer Injection to Suppress Aquifer Influx and to Improve Volumetric Sweep in a Viscous Oil Reservoir. SPE Res Eng 5 (1): 33–40. SPE-17400-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/17400-PA.
Huh, C., Lange, E.A., and Cannella, W.J. 1990. Polymer Retention in Porous Media. Presented at the SPE/DOE Symposium on Enhanced Oil Recovery, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 22–25 April. SPE-20235-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/20235-MS.
Knight, B.L. and Rudy, J.S. 1977. Recovery of High-Viscosity Crudes by Polymer Flooding. J Can Pet Technol 16 (4): 46–55. PETSOC-77-04-07. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/77-04-07.
Knight, B.L., Jones, S.C., and Parsons, R.W. 1974. Discussion. SPE J. (December): 643–644.
Kolodziej, E.J. 1988. Transport Mechanisms of Xanthan Biopolymer Solutions in Porous Media. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Houston, Texas, 2–5 October. SPE-18090-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/18090-MS.
Lee, J., and Fuller, G.G. 1985. Adsorption and Desorption of Flexible Polymer Chains in Flowing Systems. J. Colloid Interf. Sci. 103 (2): 569–577. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0021-9797(85)90132-8.
Liauh, W.C., Duda, J.L., and Klaus, E.E. 1979. An Investigation of the Inaccessible Pore Volume Phenomena. SPE-8751-MS.
Lotsch, T., Muller, T., and Pusch, G. 1985. The Effect of Inaccessible Pore Volume on Polymer Core Experiments. Presented at the SPE Oilfield and Geothermal Chemistry Symposium, Phoenix, Arizona, 9–11 April. SPE-13590-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/13590-MS.
MacWilliams, D.C., Rogers, J.H., and West, T.J. 1973. Water Soluble Polymers in Petroleum Recovery. In Water Soluble Polymers, ed. N.M. Bikales, 105–126. New York City, New York: Plenum Press.
Maerker, J.M. 1973. Dependence of Polymer Retention on Flow Rate. J Pet Technol 25 (11): 1307–1308. SPE-4423-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/4423-PA.
Manichand, R.N., Moe Soe Let, K.P., Gil, L., et al. 2013. Effective Propagation of HPAM Solutions through the Tambaredjo Reservoir during a Polymer Flood. SPE Prod & Oper 28 (4): 358–368. SPE-164121-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/164121-PA.
Martin, F.D. and Sherwood, N. 1975. The Effect of Hydrolysis of Polyacrylamide on Solution Viscosity, Polymer Retention, and Flow Resistance Properties. Presented at the SPE Rocky Mountain Regional Meeting, Denver, Colorado, 7–9 April. SPE-5339-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/5339-MS.
Martin, F.D., Hatch, M.J., Shepitka, J.S., et al. 1983. Improved Water-Soluble Polymers for Enhanced Oil Recovery. Presented at the SPE Oilfield and Geothermal Chemistry Symposium, Denver, Colorado, 1–3 June. SPE-11786-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/11786-MS.
Meier, D.J. 1967. Theory of Polymeric Dispersants. Statistics of Constrained Polymer Chains. J. Chem. Phys. 71 (6): 1861–1868. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/j100865a050.
Meister, J.J., Pledger, H., Hogen-Wsch, T.E., et al. 1980. Retention of Polyacrylamide by Berea Sandstone, Baker Dolomite, and Sodium Kaolinite during Polymer Flooding. Presented at the SPE Oilfield and Geothermal Chemistry Symposium, Stanford, California, 28–30 May. SPE-8981-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/8981-MS.
Mezzomo, R.F., Moczydlower, P., Sanmartin, A.N., et al. 2002. A New Approach to the Determination of Polymer Concentration in Reservoir Rock Adsorption Tests. Presented at the SPE/DOE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium, Tulsa, Oklahoma,13–17 April. SPE-75204-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/75204-MS.
Moe Soe Let, K.P., Manichand, R.N., and Seright, R.S. 2012. Polymer Flooding a ~500-cp Oil. Presented at the SPE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 14–18 April. SPE-154567-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/154567-MS.
Mungan, N. 1969. Rheology and Adsorption of Aqueous Polymer Solutions. J Can Pet Technol 8 (2): 45–50. PETSOC-69-02-01. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/69-02-01.
Osterloh, W.T., and Law, E.J. 1998. Polymer Transport and Rheological Properties for Polymer Flooding in the North Sea Captain Field. Presented at the SPE/DOE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 19–22 April, SPE-39694-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/39694-MS.
Pancharoen, M., Thiele, M.R., and Kovscek, A.R. 2010. Inaccessible Pore Volume of Associative Polymer Floods. Presented at the SPE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 24–28 April. SPE-129910-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/129910-MS.
Satter, A., Shum, Y.M., Adams, W.T., et al. 1980. Chemical Transport in Porous Media with Dispersion and Rate-Controlled Adsorption. SPE J. 20 (3): 129–138. SPE-6847-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/6847-PA.
Seright, R.S., Prodanovic, M., and Lindquist, W.B. 2006. X-Ray Computed Microtomography Studies of Fluid Partitioning in Drainage and Imbibition Before and After Gel Placement. SPE J. 11 (2): 159–170. SPE-89393-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/89393-PA.
Shah, B.N., Willhite, G.P., and Green, D.W. 1978. The Effect of Inaccessible Pore Volume on the Flow of Polymer and Solvent through Porous Media. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Houston, Texas, 1–3 October. SPE-7586-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/7586-MS.
Skauge, Arne. 2013. EOR Introduction. Oral presentation given at the FORCE-EOR Competence Building Seminar, Stavanger, Norway, 6–7 November.
Sorbie, K.S. 1991. Polymer-Improved Oil Recovery. Glasgow, Scotland: Blackie and Son.
Szabo, M.T. 1975. Some Aspects of Polymer Retention in Porous Media Using a C14-Tagged Hydrolyzed Polyacrylamide. SPE J. 15 (4): 323–337. SPE-4668-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/4668-PA.
Szabo, M.T. 1979. An Evaluation of Water-Soluble Polymers for Secondary Oil Recovery–Parts 1 and 2. J Pet Technol 31 (5): 561–570. SPE-6601-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/6601-PA.
Trushenski, S.P., Dauben, D.L., and Parrish, D.R. 1974. Micellar Flooding–Fluid Propagation, Interaction, and Mobility. SPE J. 14 (6): 633–645. SPE-4582-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/4582-PA.
Van Domselaar, H.R., and Fortmuller, C. 1992. On the Transport Properties of a Rod-Type Polymer in SandpacksPresented at the European Petroleum Conference, Cannes, France, 16–18 November. SPE-25073-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/25073-MS.
Vela, S., Peaceman, D.W., and Sandvik, E.I. 1976. Evaluation of Polymer Flooding in a Layered Reservoir with Crossflow, Retention, and Degradation. SPE J. 16 (2): 82–96. SPE-5102-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/5102-PA.
Vermolen, E.C.M., van Haasterecht, M.J.T., Masalmeh, S.K., et al. 2011. Pushing the Envelope for Polymer Flooding Towards High-Temperature and High-Salinity Reservoirs with Polyacrylamide-Based Ter-Polymers. Presented at the SPE Middle East Oil and Gas Show and Conference, Manama, Bahrain, 25–28 September. SPE-141497-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/141497-MS.
Vossoughi, S., Smith, J.E., Green, D.W., et al. 1984. A New Method to Simulate the Effects of Viscous Fingering on Miscible Displacement Processes in Porous Media. SPE J. 24 (1): 56–64. SPE-10970-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/10970-PA.
Wang, F. 1993. Effects of Reservoir Anaerobic, Reducing Conditions on Surfactant Retention in Chemical Flooding. SPE Res Eng 8 (2): 108–116. SPE-22648-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/22648-PA.
Yuan, C., Delshad, M., and Wheeler, M.F. 2010. Parallel Simulations of Commercial-Scale Polymer Floods. Presented at the SPE Western Regional Meeting, Anaheim, California, 27–29 May. SPE-132441-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/132441-MS.
Zaitoun, A., and Chauveteau, G. 1998. Effect of Pore Structure and Residual Oil on Polymer Bridging Adsorption. Presented at the SPE/DOE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 19–22 April. SPE-39674-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/39674-MS.
Zaitoun, A. and Kohler, N. 1987. The Role of Adsorption in Polymer Propagation Through Reservoir Rocks. Presented at the SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, San Antonio, Texas, 4–6 October. SPE-16274-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/16274-MS.
Zaitoun, A., and Kohler, N. 1988. Two-Phase Flow through Porous Media: Effect of an Adsorbed Polymer Layer. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Houston, Texas, 2–5 October. SPE-18085-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/18085-MS.
Zettlitzer, M., and Volz, H. 1992. Comparison of Polyacrylamide Retention in Field Application and Testing. Presented at the SPE/DOE Enhanced Oil Recovery Symposium, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 22–24 April. SPE-24121-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/24121-MS.
Zhang, G. and Seright, R.S. 2013. Effect of Concentration on HPAM Retention in Porous Media. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, Louisiana, 30 September–2 October. SPE-166265-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/166265-MS.
Zheng, C.G., Gall, B.L., Gao, H.W., et al. 2000. Effects of Polymer Adsorption and Flow Behavior on Two-Phase Flow in Porous Media. SPE Res Eval & Eng 3 (3): 216–223. SPE-64270-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/64270-PA.
Zitha, P.L.J., and Botermans, C.W. 1998. Bridging-Adsorption of Flexible Polymers in Low Permeability Porous Media. SPE Prod & Fac 13 (1): 15–20. SPE-36665-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/36665-PA.
Zitha, P.L.J., van Os, K.G.S., and Denys, K.F.J. 1998. Adsorption of Linear Flexible Polymers during Laminar Flow through Porous Media: Effect of the Concentration. Presented at the SPE/DOE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 19–22 April. SPE-39675-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/39675-MS.
Not finding what you're looking for? Some of the OnePetro partner societies have developed subject- specific wikis that may help.
The SEG Wiki
The SEG Wiki is a useful collection of information for working geophysicists, educators, and students in the field of geophysics. The initial content has been derived from : Robert E. Sheriff's Encyclopedic Dictionary of Applied Geophysics, fourth edition.