The First Visualization of Acid Treatments on Carbonates With 3D Nuclear-Magnetic-Resonance Imaging
- Manuel Krebs (Clausthal University of Technology) | Bernhard Lungwitz (Schlumberger) | Andre Souza (Schlumberger) | Alexandre Pépin (Schlumberger) | Sandra Montoya (Schlumberger) | Peter Schlicht (Schlumberger) | Austin Boyd (Schlumberger) | Edson Vidoto (University of Sao Paulo) | Roberson Polli (University of Sao Paulo) | Tito Bonagamba (University of Sao Paulo)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- August 2015
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 678 - 688
- 2015.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- acidizing, NMRI nuclear magnetic resonance imaging, core flow testing
- 3 in the last 30 days
- 339 since 2007
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Carbonate reservoirs often show great heterogeneity in their inner rock structure, and stimulation treatments are often necessary to maintain or establish fluid production. Therefore, core-flow tests are usually conducted to test and model stimulation treatments within a laboratory scale to predict their performance. The visualization of wormholes that were created within core-flow tests requires novel technologies for evaluation and pathway-prediction purposes. Unfortunately, past visualization techniques were always associated with the destruction of the core sample, creating demand for nondestructive methods.
Nuclear-magnetic-resonance imaging (NMRI) is such a method that fulfills the approach of being nondestructive. The technology is widely known by medical applications, and this study developed a procedure on how to use the NMRI technology to visualize wormholes with NMRI in 3D.
The study was started by initially choosing and obtaining various core samples that have different contents of calcite and dolomite. These core samples were imaged with the NMRI and microfocus-computed-tomography (µCT) technology in their unchanged state, and basic petrophysical experiments were conducted for initial experiments. The µCT technology was used as a reference visualization technique, because it provides a very high resolution with a corresponding high level of detail. Afterward, core-flow tests were conducted on the core samples with various acid systems and wormholes generated. Finally, the core samples with wormholes were imaged again with the NMRI and µCT technology, whereby the NMRI acquisition technique was improved toward imaging of rock samples, and the results were compared with the µCT results. The NMRI results showed moderate imaging achievements for the unchanged rock samples and high-quality imaging achievements for the extracted wormholes.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||11|
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