- Boolean operators
- This OR that
This AND that
This NOT that
- Must include "This" and "That"
- This That
- Must not include "That"
- This -That
- "This" is optional
- This +That
- Exact phrase "This That"
- "This That"
- (this AND that) OR (that AND other)
- Specifying fields
- publisher:"Publisher Name"
author:(Smith OR Jones)
Simulation of Hydrate Dynamics in Reservoirs
- Mohammad T. Vafaei (University of Bergen) | Bjørn Kvamme (University of Bergen) | Ashok Chejara (University of Bergen) | Khaled Jemai (University of Bergen)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- April 2014
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 215 - 226
- 2014.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 6.9 Unconventional Hydrocarbon Recovery, 6 Reservoir Description and Dynamics, 6.5 Reservoir Simulation
- Hydrate , reservoir, Kinetics, simulation
- 11 in the last 30 days
- 352 since 2007
- Show more detail
Gas hydrates in reservoirs are generally not in thermodynamic equilibrium, and there may be several competing phase transitions involving hydrate. Formation of carbon dioxide (CO2) hydrates during aquifer storage of CO2 involves roughly 10 vol% increase compared with groundwater. Dissociation of hydrate toward undersaturated fluid phases involves the same level of contraction. Hydrate phase transitions are generally fast (scales of seconds) compared with mineral dissolution and precipitation, and it is unlikely that a time-shifted explicit coupling to geomechanical analysis will be able to capture the appropriate dynamic couplings between flow and changes in stress. The need for geomechanical integrity of the storage site therefore requires a reservoir simulator with an implicit solution of mass flow, heat flow, and geomechanics. And because CO2 involved in hydrate is also involved in different geochemical reactions, we propose a scheme where all possible hydrate formation (on water/CO2 interface, from water solution, and from CO2 adsorbed on mineral surfaces) and all different possible dissociations are treated as pseudoreactions, but with kinetics derived from advanced theoretical modeling. The main tools for generating these models have been phase-field-theory (PFT) simulations, with thermodynamic properties derived from molecular modeling. The detailed results from these types of simulations provides information on the relative impact of mass transport, heat transport, and thermodynamics of the phase transition, which enable qualified simplifications for implementation into RetrasoCodeBright (RCB) (Saaltink et al. 2004). The primary step was to study the effect of hydrate growth or dissociation with a certain kinetic rate on the mechanical properties of the reservoir. Details of the simulator and numerical algorithms are discussed, and relevant examples are shown.
Ahmadi, G., Ji, C. and Smith, D.H. 2004. Numerical Solution for Natural Gas Production from Methane Hydrate Dissociation. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 41 (4): 269–285. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2003.09.004.
Baig, K. 2009. Phase Field Theory Modeling of CH4 and CO2 Fluxes from Exposed Natural Gas Hydrate Reserviors. MS thesis, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway (2009).
Baig, K., Qasim, M., Kivela, P. H., et al. 2010. Phase Field Theory Modeling of Methane Fluxes from Exposed Natural Gas Hydrate Reservoirs. AIP (in press).
Buanes, T., Kvamme, B. and Svandal, A. 2006. Computer Simulation of CO2 Hydrate Growth. J. Cryst. Growth 287 (2): 491–494. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2005.11.074.
Buanes, T., Kvamme, B. and Svandal, A. 2009. Two Approaches for Modelling Hydrate Growth. J. Math. Chem. 46 (3): 811–819. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10910-009-9551-3.
Burshears, M., O’Brien, T.J. and Malone, R.D. 1986. A Multi-Phase, Multi-Dimensional, Variable Composition Simulation of Gas Production From a Conventional Gas Reservoir in Contact With Hydrates. Paper SPE 15246 presented at the SPE Unconventional Gas Technology Symposium, Louisville, Kentucky, 18–21 May. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/15246-MS.
Collett, T. 2009. The Promise of Methane Hydrates. Oral testimony given before the US Department of the Interior, Subcommittee on Energy and Mineral Resources, Oversight Hearing on “Unconventional Fuels, Part II: The Promise of Methane Hydrates,” Washington, DC, 30 July.
Davie, M.K. and Buffett, B.A. 2001. A Numerical Model for the Formation of Gas Hydrate Below the Seafloor. J. Geophys. Res. 106 (B1): 497–514. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2000JB900363.
Gamwo, I.K. and Liu, Y. 2010. Mathematical Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Methane Production in a Hydrate Reservoir. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 49 (11): 5231–5245. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie901452v.
Goel, N., Wiggins, M. and Shah, S. 2001. Analytical Modeling of Gas Recovery from In Situ Hydrates Dissociation. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 29 (2): 115–127. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0920-4105(01)00094-8.
Graue, A., Kvamme, B., Baldwin, B., et al. 2008. MRI Visualization of Spontaneous Methane Production From Hydrates in Sandstone Core Plugs When Exposed to CO2. SPE J. 13 (2): 146–152. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/118851-PA.
Hellevang, H. and Kvamme, B. 2007. An Explicit and Efficient Algorithm to Solve Kinetically Constrained CO2-Water-Rock Interactions. Proc., 3rd WSEAS International Conference on Mathematical Biology and Ecology, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, 17–19 January.
Holder, G. and Angert, P. 1982. Simulation of Gas Production From a Reservoir Containing Both Gas Hydrates and Free Natural Gas. Paper SPE 11105 presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, Louisiana, 26–29 September. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/11105-MS.
Hong, H. and Pooladi-Darvish, M. 2005. Simulation of Depressurization for Gas Production From Gas Hydrate Reservoirs. J. Cdn. Pet. Tech. 44 (11): XX–XX. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/05-11-03.
Hong, H., Pooladi-Darvish, M. and Bishnoi, P.R. 2003. Analytical Modeling of Gas Production from Hydrates in Porous Media. J. Cdn. Pet. Tech. 42 (11): 45–56. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/03-11-05.
Kim, H.C., Bishnoi, P.R., Heidemann, R.A., et al. 1987. Kinetics of Methane Hydrate Decomposition. Chem. Eng. Sci. 42 (7): 1645–1653. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0009-2509(87)80169-0.
Koide, H., Takahashi, M., Shindo, Y., et al. K. 1997. Hydrate Formation in Sediments in the Sub-Seabed Disposal of CO2. Energy 22 (2–3): 279–283. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0360-5442(96)00122-3.
Kvamme, B., and Kuznetsova, T. 2010. Investigation into Stability and Interfacial Properties of CO2 Hydrate-Aqueous Fluid System. Math. Comput. Model. 51 (3–4): 156–159. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mcm.2009.08.007.
Kvamme, B. and Liu, S. 2008a. Reactive Transport of CO2 in Saline Aquifers with Implicit Geomechanical Analysis. Proc., International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, Washington, DC.
Kvamme, B. and Liu, S. 2008b. Simulating Long Term Reactive Transport of CO2 in Saline Aquifers with Improved Code RetrasoCodeBright. Oral presentation given at the 12th International Conference of International Association for Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics, Goa, India, 1–6 October.
Kvamme, B. and Tanaka, H. 1995. Thermodynamic Stability of Hydrates for Ethane, Ethylene, and Carbon Dioxide. J. Phys. Chem. 99 (18): 7114–7119. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/j100018a052.
Kvamme, B., Buanes, T. and Kuznetsova, T. 2006a. Kinetics of Hydrate Growth on the CO2/Aqueous Solution Interface. WSEAS Trans. Heat Mass Transfer 1 (5): 612–617.
Kvamme, B., Graue, A., Buanes, T., et al. 2009. Effects of Solid Surfaces on Hydrate Kinetics and Stability. Geol. Soc. London Special Publication 319: 131–144. http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/SP319.11.
Kvamme, B, Graue, A., Kuznetsova, T., et al. 2006b. Exploitation of Natural Gas Hydrate Reservoirs Combined with Long-Term Storage of CO2. WSEAS Trans. Environ. Dev. 2 (6): 699–710.
Kvamme, B., Graue, A., Kuznetsova, T., et al. 2007. Storage of CO2 in Natural Gas Hydrate Reservoirs and the Effect of Hydrate as an Extra Sealing in Cold Aquifers. Int. J. Greenh. Gas Con. 1 (2): 236–246. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1750-5836(06)00002-8.
Kvamme, B., Jemai, K., Chejara, A., et al. 2011. Simulation of Geomechanical Effects of CO2 Injection in Cold Aquifers with Possibility of Hydrate Formation. Proc., 7th International Conference on Gas Hydrates, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom, July 17–21.
Kvamme, B., Kuznetsova, T., Kivelæ, P.-K., et al. 2013a. Can Hydrate Form in Carbon Dioxide from Dissolved Water? Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (in press; published online 28 November 2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C2CP43061D.
Kvamme, B., Kuznetsova, T. and Kivelæ, P-H. 2012. Adsorption of Water and Carbon Dioxide on Hematite and Consequences for Possible Hydrate Formation. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14 (13): 4410–4424. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C2CP23810A.
Kvamme, B., Kuznetsova, T. and Uppstad, D. 2009. Modeling Excess Surface Energy in Dry and Wetted Calcite Systems. J. Math. Chem. 46 (3): 756–762. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10910-009-9548-y.
Kvamme, B., Qasim, M., Baig, K., et al. 2013b. Phase Field Theory Modeling of Methane Fluxes from Exposed Natural Gas Hydrate Reservoirs. Submitted to J. Chem. Phys.
Liu, Y., Strumendo, M. and Arastoopour, H. 2008. Simulation of Methane Production from Hydrates by Depressurization and Thermal Stimulation. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 48 (5): 2451–2464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie8005275.
Moridis, G.J. 2003. Numerical Studies of Gas Production from Methane Hydrates. SPE J. 8 (4): 359–370. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/87330-PA.
Nazridoust, K. and Ahmadi, G. 2007. Computational Modeling of Methane Hydrate Dissociation in a Sandstone Core. Chem. Eng. Sci. 62 (22): 6155–6177. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2007.06.038.
Olivella, S., Gens, A. and Carrera, J. 1997. CodeBright User’s Guide. Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya and Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra, Barcelona, Spain.
Olivella, S., Gens, A., Carrera, J., et al. 1996. Numerical Formulation for a Simulator (CODE_BRIGHT) for the Coupled Analysis of Saline Media. Eng. Computation 13 (7): 87–112. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/02644409610151575.
Olivella, S., Carrera, J., Gens, A., et al. 1994. Nonisothermal Multiphase Flow of Brine and Gas through Saline Media. Transport Porous Med. 15 (3): 271–293. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00613282.
Phirani, J. and Mohanty, K. 2010. Kinetic Simulation of CO2 Flooding of Methane Hydrates. Paper SPE 134178 presented at SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Florence, Italy, 19–22 September. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/134178-MS.
Qasim, M., Kvamme, B. and Baig, K. 2011. Phase Field Theory Modeling of CH4/CO2 Gas Hydrates in Gravity Fields. Int. J. Geol. 5 (2): 48–52.
Saaltink, M., Batlle, M. and Ayora, C. 2004. RETRASO, a Code for Modeling Reactive Transport in Saturated and Unsaturated Porous Media. Geologica Acta 2 (3): 235–251.
Saaltink, M., Benet, I. and Ayora, C. 1997. RETRASO, a FORTRAN Code for Solving 2D Reactive Transport of Solutes, User’s Guide. Barcelona, Spain: Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya and Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra.
Sun, X. and Mohanty, K.K. 2006. Kinetic Simulation of Methane Hydrate Formation and Dissociation in Porous Media. Chem. Eng. Sci. 61 (11): 3476–3495. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2005.12.017.
Svandal, A. 2006. Modeling Hydrate Phase Transitions Using Mean-Field Approaches. PhD dissertation, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway (2006).
Svandal, A. and Kvamme, B. 2009. Modeling the Dissociation of Carbon Dioxide and Methane Hydrate using the Phase Field Theory. J. Math. Chem. 46 (3): 763–769. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10910-009-9545-1.
Svandal, A., Kuznetsova, T. and Kvamme, B. 2006a. Thermodynamic Properties and Phase Transitions in the H2O/CO2/CH4 System. Fluid Phase Equilibr. 246 (1–2): 177–184. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fluid.2006.06.003.
Svandal, A., Kvamme, B., Granasy, L., et al. 2006b. The Phase-Field Theory Applied to CO2 and CH4 Hydrate. J. Cryst. Growth 287 (2): 486–490. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2005.11.071.
Swinkels, W. and Drenth, R.J.J. 2000. Reservoir-Simulation Model of Production from Gas-Hydrate Accumulations. SPE Res Eval & Eng 3 (6): 559–566. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/68213-PA.
Tegze, G., Gránásy, L. and Kvamme, B. 2006a. Phase Field Modeling of the Conversion of Methane Hydrate into Carbon Dioxide Hydrate. WSEAS Trans. Biol. Biomed. 3 (7): 532–537.
Tegze, G., Pusztai, T., Toth, G., et al. 2006b. Multiscale Approach to CO2 Hydrate Formation in Aqueous Solution: Phase Field Theory and Molecular Dynamics. Nucleation and Growth. J. Chem. Phys. 124 (23): 4710–4721. http://link.aip.org/link/doi/10.1063/1.2207138.
Uddin, M., Coombe, D. and Wright, F. 2008. Modeling of CO2-Hydrate Formation in Geological Reservoirs by Injection of CO2 Gas. J. Energ. Resour.-ASME 130 (3). http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.2956979.
Van Cuong, P., Kvamme, B., Kuznetsova, T., et al. 2012a. Adsorption of Water and CO2 on Calcite and Clathrate Hydrate: The Effect of Short-Range Forces and Temperature. Int. J. Energy Environ. 6 (3): 301–309.
Van Cuong, P., Kvamme, B., Kuznetsova, T., et al. 2012b. Molecular Dynamics Study of Calcite and Temperature Effect on CO2 Transport and Adsorption Stability in Geological Formations. Mol. Phys. 110 (11–12): 1097–1106. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00268976.2012.679629.
Wanga, X., Sainb, K., Satyavanib, N., et al. 2013. Gas Hydrates Saturation Using Geostatistical Inversion in a Fractured Reservoir in the Krishna-Godavari Basin, Offshore Eastern India. Mar. Petrol. Geol. 45: 224–235. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2013.04.024.
Xiao, K., Zou, C., Xiang, B., et al. 2013. Acoustic Velocity Log Numerical Simulation and Saturation Estimation of Gas Hydrate Reservoir in Shenhu Area, South China Sea. The Scientific World J. 2013 (2013): 1–13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/101459.
Xu, W. 2004. Modeling Dynamic Marine Gas Hydrate Systems. Am. Mineral. 89 (8–9): 1271–1279.
Xu, W. and Ruppel, C. 1999. Predicting the Occurrence, Distribution, and Evolution of Methane Gas Hydrate in Porous Marine Sediments. J. Geophys. Res. 104 (B3): 5081–5095. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/1998JB900092.
Yousif, M.H., Abass, H.H., Selim, M.S., et al. 1991. Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of Methane-Gas-Hydrate Dissociation in Porous Media. SPE Res Eng 6 (1): 69–76. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/18320-PA.
Zatsepina, O.Y. and Pooladi-Darvish, M. 2011. Storage of CO2 Hydrate in Shallow Gas Reservoirs: Pre- and Post-Injection Periods. Greenh. Gas. Sci. Tech. 1 (3): 223–236. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ghg.23.
Not finding what you're looking for? Some of the OnePetro partner societies have developed subject- specific wikis that may help.
The SEG Wiki
The SEG Wiki is a useful collection of information for working geophysicists, educators, and students in the field of geophysics. The initial content has been derived from : Robert E. Sheriff's Encyclopedic Dictionary of Applied Geophysics, fourth edition.