Fines Migration in Fractured Wells: Integrating Modeling With Field and Laboratory Data
- Maricel Marquez (Chevron Corporation) | Wade Williams (Chevron Corporation) | Mark M Knobles (Chevron Corporation) | Pavel Bedrikovetsky (University of Adelaide) | Zhenjiang You (University of Adelaide)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Production & Operations
- Publication Date
- November 2014
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 309 - 322
- 2014.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- fines migration
- 1 in the last 30 days
- 523 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 10.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 30.00|
Production and drawdown data from 10 subsea deepwater fractured wells have been modeled with an analytical model for unsteadystate flow with fines migration. The simulation results and the field data indicated a good match, within 5%. A sensitivity study conducted on initial concentration of fines, flow rate, maximum finesmobilization velocity, fines distribution, formation damage, and filtration coefficients confirmed that the model-matching parameters are within values reported commonly in the literature. This paper describes the methodology used to integrate the modeling predictions with field and laboratory data to identify probable causes for increasing skins and declining productivity-index values observed in some of the wells under investigation. It discusses the results of an experiment designed to simultaneously assess the effects of pressure depletion and compaction on fines production and permeability with a triaxial-stress apparatus. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the first time an experiment of this nature is reported in the literature. The good match between the modeling and the field data, further validated with laboratory experiments, allows for discussion of long-term predictions on well productivity impacting current reservoir-management strategies and field-development plans.
|File Size||2 MB||Number of Pages||14|
Barenblatt, G.I., Entov, V.M., and Ryzhik, V.M. 1990. Theory of Fluid Flows Through Natural Rocks. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Bedrikovetsky, P., Siqueira, F., Furtado, C. et al. 2011. Modified Particle Detachment Model for Colloidal Transport in Porous Media. Transport Porous Media 86 (2): 353-383. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11242-010-9626-4.
Bedrikovetsky, P., Zeinijahromi, A., Siqueira, F. et al. 2012. Particle Detachment Under Velocity Alternation During Suspension Transport in Porous Media. Transport Porous Media 91 (1): 173-197. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11242-011-9839-1.
Bradford, S.A. and Torkzaban, S. 2008. Colloid Transport and Retention in Unsaturated Porous Media: A Review of Interface-, Collector-, and Pore-Scale Processes and Models. Vadose Zone J. 7 (2): 667-681. http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/vzj2007.0092.
Bradford, S.A., Kim, H.N., Haznedaroglu, B.Z. et al. 2009. Coupled Factors Influencing Concentration-Dependent Colloid Transport and Retention in Saturated Porous Media. Environ. Sci. Technol. 43 (18): 6996-7002. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es900840d.
Civan, F. 2007. Reservoir Formation Damage: Fundamentals, Modeling, Assessment, and Mitigation, second edition. Burlington, Massachusetts: Gulf Professional Publishing/Elsevier.
Ewy, R.T., Bovberg, C.A., Hagin, P.N. et al. 2012. Permeability Measurement With Ultra-High Fluid Pressure And Unequal Stresses. Presented at the 46th U.S. Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, Chicago, Illinois, USA, 24-27 June. ARMA-2012-656.
Khilar, K.C. and Fogler, H.S. 1998. Migration of Fines in Porous Media. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Theory and Applications of Transport in Porous Media, Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Khilar, K.C., Fogler, H.S., and Ahluwalia, J.S. 1983. Sandstone water sensitivity: Existence of a critical rate of salinity decrease for particle capture. Chem. Eng. Sci. 38 (5): 789-800. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0009-2509(83)80188-2.
Lever, A. and Dawe, R.A. 1984. Water-Sensitivity and Migration of Fines in the Hopeman Sandstone. J. Pet. Geol 7 (1): 97-107. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-5457.1984.tb00165.x.
Miranda, R.M. and Underdown, D.R. 1993. Laboratory Measurement of Critical Rate: A Novel Approach for Quantifying Fines Migration Problems. Presented at the SPE Production Operations Symposium, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA, 21–23 March. SPE-25432-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/25432-MS.
Muecke, T.W. 1979. Formation Fines and Factors Controlling Their Movement in Porous Media. J Pet Technol 31 (2): 144–150. SPE-7007-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/7007-PA.
Ochi, J. and Vernoux, J.-F. 1998. Permeability decrease in sandstone reservoirs by fluid injection: Hydrodynamic and chemical effects. J. Hydrol. 208 (3-4): 237-248. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0022-1694(98)00169-3.
Sarkar, A.K. and Sharma, M.M. 1990. Fines Migration in Two-Phase Flow. J Pet Technol 42 (5): 646–652. SPE-17437-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/17437-PA.
Schechter, R.S. 1992. Oil Well Stimulation. Richardson, Texas: Society of Petroleum Engineers.
Sharma, M.M. and Yortsos, Y.C. 1987. Fines migration in porous media. AIChE J. 33 (10): 1654-1662. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aic.690331009.
Tiab, D. and Donaldson, E.C. 2004. Petrophysics: Theory and Practices of Measuring Reservoir Rock and Fluid Transport Properties, second edition. Oxford, UK: Gulf Professional Publishing.
Valdya, R.N. and Fogler, H.S. 1992. Fines Migration and Formation Damage: Influence of pH and Ion Exhange. SPE Prod Eng 7 (4): 325–330. SPE-19413-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/19413-PA.
Zeinijahromi, A., Nguyen, T.K.P., and Bedrikovetsky, P. 2013. Mathematical Model for Fines-Migration-Assisted Waterflooding With Induced Formation Damage. SPE J. 18 (3): 518 - 533. SPE-144009-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/144009-PA.
Zeinijahromi, A., Vaz, A., and Bedrikovetsky, P. 2012. Well impairment by fines migration in gas fields. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 88–89: 125-135. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2012.02.002.