Evaluation and Performance of Packer-Type Downhole Gas Separators
- James N. McCoy (Echometer Company) | Augusto L. Podio (University of Texas at Austin) | O. Lynn Rowlan (Echometer Company) | Dieter Becker (Echometer Company)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Production & Operations
- Publication Date
- August 2015
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 236 - 242
- 2015.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- downhole gas separators
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- 509 since 2007
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Advances in horizontal drilling and large fracturing technology have resulted in wells that produce larger volumes of oil and gas than have been common domestically. Artificially lifting large volumes of oil and associated gas to the surface has always been a problem because of the difficulty of separating liquid from large volumes of gas downhole, especially in rod-pumped wells.
This paper describes a separation technique that uses a packing element to divert the formation fluids through the separator and into the casing annulus at the top of the separator, above the pump inlet at the bottom of the separator, so that the liquids and gas can separate by gravity. The pump seating nipple is located at the bottom of the separator so that the pressure drop is less in the liquids moving from the casing annulus to the pump intake. Better pump fillage is obtained with the technique of setting the pump intake at the bottom of the separator rather than above the long separator, as show by the field data.
This paper also describes a quantitative technique for evaluating the effectiveness of downhole gas separators. Often, the evaluation of separator performance is based only on pump fillage and the total gas production from the well, instead of a comparison of the liquid fillage in the pump in relation to the percentage of liquid that exists in the casing annulus surrounding the pump.
|File Size||745 KB||Number of Pages||7|
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