Advanced Signal Analysis of an Electrical-Submersible-Pump Failure Owing to Scaling
- Mohamed Nabil Noui-Mehidi (Saudi Aramco) | Ahmed Y. Bukhamseen (Saudi Aramco)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Production & Operations
- Publication Date
- May 2019
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 394 - 399
- 2019.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- ESP failure, scaling, prediction
- 19 in the last 30 days
- 125 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 12.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 35.00|
In this paper we focus on electrical-submersible-pump (ESP) failure caused by scale buildup. Weak fluctuations recorded in the motor current signals several weeks before a failure indicate a change in the motor load. Advanced signal analysis of the motor current data reveals the presence of a dynamic characteristic in the ESP signal during rapid scale buildup in the pump stages. On the basis of the raw data from the motor current draw, a dynamic cascade can be identified in the current marked with the superimposition of several characteristic frequencies added over time that develop into a chaotic trend. Our analysis was conducted with different signal-processing tools, such as Fourier transform, wavelet transform, and chaotic attractors, which described the nature of the scale signature in the current logs. This analysis was the first step toward developing a real-time diagnostic tool for predicting ESP failures.
|File Size||455 KB||Number of Pages||6|
Bennet, J. T., Yong, S. K., Chio, S. et al. 2009. A Conceptual Study of Dual Lift Design in Ultradeep Wells. Presented at the SPE Production and Operations Symposium, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 4–8 April. SPE-120825-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/120825-MS.
Bin Merdhah, A. B. and Yassin, A. M. 2007. Scale Formation in Oil Reservoir During Water Injection at High-Salinity Formation Water. Journal of Applied Sciences 7 (21): 3198–3207. https://doi.org/10.3923/jas.2007.3198.3207.
Bin Merdhah, A. B. and Yassin, A. M. 2009. Scale Formation due to Water Injection in Malaysian Sandstone Cores. Am J Appl Sci 6 (8): 1531–1538. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2009.1531.1538.
Haapanen, B. E. and Gagner, M. G. 2010. Remote Monitoring and Optimization of Electrical Submersible Pumps Utilizing Control Algorithms. Presented at the Canadian Unconventional Resources and International Petroleum Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 19–21 October. SPE-134109-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/134109-MS.
Lea, J. F. and Bearden, J. L. 1999. ESPs: On and Offshore Problems and Solutions. Presented at the SPE Mid-Continent Operations Symposium, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 28–31 March. SPE-52159-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/52159-MS.
Macary, S., Mohamed, I., Rashad, R. et al. 2003. Downhole Permanent Monitoring Tackles Problematic Electrical Submersible Pumping Wells. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Denver, 5–8 October. SPE-84138-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/84138-MS.
Nguib, M. A., Shahen, S. E., Bayoumi, A. E. et al. 2000. Review of Artificial Lift in Egypt. Presented at the SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference, Brisbane, Australia, 16–18 October. SPE-64508-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/64508-MS.
Nienow, A. W. 1996. Gas-Liquid Mixing Studies: A Comparison of Rushton Turbines With Some Modern Impellers. Chem Eng Res Des 74 (4): 417–423.
Park, S. H., Kang, Y., Cho, Y. J. et al. 2001. Characterization of Pressure Signals in a Bubble Column by Wavelet Transform. J Chem Eng Jpn 34: 158–165. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02697197.
Qahtani, A. M. 2007. Electric Submersible Pump (ESP) Selection Optimization: A Reservoir Engineering Outlook. Presented at the Middle East Artificial Lift Forum, Muscat, Oman, 17–19 February.
Rahman, M. 2011. Applications of Fourier Transform to Generalized Functions. Halifax, Canada: WIT Press.
Sachdeva, R., Doty, D. R., and Schmidt, Z. 1994. Performance of Electric Submersible Pumps in Gassy Wells. SPE Prod & Fac 9 (1): 55–60. SPE-22767-PA. https://doi.org/10.2118/22767-PA.
Warmoeskerken, M. M. C. G. and Smith J. M. 1989. The Hollowvane Agitator for Dispersion and Mass Transfer. Chem Eng Res Des 67: 193–198.
Zheng, J., Kishimoto, S., Ochi, T. et al. 2001. Flow Mechanism of a Submerged Jet Impinging on a Free Interface. J Chem Eng Jpn 34: 912–918.