- Boolean operators
- This OR that
This AND that
This NOT that
- Must include "This" and "That"
- This That
- Must not include "That"
- This -That
- "This" is optional
- This +That
- Exact phrase "This That"
- "This That"
- (this AND that) OR (that AND other)
- Specifying fields
- publisher:"Publisher Name"
author:(Smith OR Jones)
Investigation of the Impact of Fracture Spacing and Fluid Properties for Interfering Simultaneously or Sequentially Generated Hydraulic Fractures
- Kan Wu (University of Texas at Austin) | Jon E. Olson (University of Texas At Austin)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Production & Operations
- Publication Date
- November 2013
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 427 - 436
- 2013. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 3.2.3 Hydraulic Fracturing Design, Implementation and Optimisation, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating
- 16 in the last 30 days
- 1,122 since 2007
- Show more detail
Using a fully coupled (flow and mechanics) hydraulic-fracture-propagationmodel, we investigate the critical in-situ and treatment factors controllinggeometry in multiple-fracture horizontal wells. Fracture net pressure iscalculated by considering continuity of flow rate and pressure equilibrium inthe fracture and the wellbore between injection points. A 2Ddisplacement-discontinuity method, with correction for finite fracture height,was used to calculate fracture aperture, accounting for mechanical interactionbetween multiple propagating fractures.
Stress-shadow effects change the local stress field in the surrounding rock,influencing fracture geometry. A sensitivity study for simultaneous propagationwas performed, including fracture spacing, velocity exponent, in-situdifferential stress, fluid viscosity, and pump rate. The results show thatclosely spaced hydraulic fractures can cause significant fracture-widthrestriction, increasing the likelihood of premature screenout. Exteriorfractures have greater lengths than interior fractures, and the lengthdifference is more significant for poor injection control. At a low in-situdifferential stress, multiple fractures tend to extend away from one another toreduce the negative mechanical interaction; however, increasing the stressdifference can make fractures propagate along a straight line. Compared withgel hydraulic-fracturing treatments, slickwater treatments generate narrowerand much longer fractures with lower net pressure. In the case ofsimultaneously generating multiple fractures, these slickwater fractures causeless mechanical interference with each other. Increasing pump rate enlargesfracture width slightly and reduces the length. Finally, simultaneous andsequential injection methods were examined showing that these two methodscreate slightly distinct fracture trajectories.
Adda-Bedia, M. and Amar, M.B. 2001. Fracture Spacing in Layered Materials.Phys. Rev. Lett. 86 (25): 5703-5706. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.5703.PRL.
Arthur, J.D., Bohm, B., Coughlin, B.J. et al. 2008. Hydraulic FracturingConsiderations for Natural Gas Wells of the Fayetteville Shale. TechnicalReport, ALL Consulting for the State of Arkansas Oil and Gas Commission (AOGC),Little Rock, Arkansas (2 September 2008), http://www.aogc2.state.ar.us/OnlineData/reports/ALL%20FayettevilleFrac%20FINAL.pdf.
Atkinson, B.K. 1984. Subcritical crack growth in geological materials.Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 89 (B6):4077-4114. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JB089iB06p04077.
Bai, T., Pollard, D.D., and Gross, M.R. 2000. Mechanical prediction offracture aperture in layered rocks. Journal of Geophysical Research: SolidEarth 105 (B1): 707-721. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/1999jb900303.
Beach, A. 1980. Numerical models of hydraulic fracturing and theinterpretation of syntectonic veins. J. Struct. Geol. 2 (4):425-438. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0191-8141(80)90004-8.
Carter, R.D. 1957. Optimum fluid characteristics for fracture extension(Appendix). In API Drilling and Production Practice (1957), C.C. Howardand C.R. Fast, No. 57, 261-270. Tulsa, Oklahoma: API.
Chaudhri, M.M. 2012. Numerical Modeling of Multifracture Horizontal Well forUncertainty Analysis and History Matching: Case Studies From Oklahoma and TexasShale Gas Wells. Presented at the SPE Western Regional Meeting, Bakersfield,California, USA, 21-23 March. SPE-153888-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/153888-MS.
Cheng, Y. 2009. Boundary Element Analysis of the Stress Distribution aroundMultiple Fractures: Implications for the Spacing of Perforation Clusters ofHydraulically Fractured Horizontal Wells. Presented at the SPE Eastern RegionalMeeting, Charleston, West Virginia, USA, 23-25 September. SPE-125769-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/125769-MS.
Crouch, S.L. 1976. Solution of plane elasticity problems by the displacementdiscontinuity method. I. Infinite body solution. Int. J. Numer. MethodsEng. 10 (2): 301-343. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/nme.1620100206.
Crouch, S.L. and Starfield, A.M. 1983. Boundary Element Methods in SolidMechanics: With Applications in Rock Mechanics and Geological Engineering.London: George Allen & Unwin.
Dahi-Taleghani, A. and Olson, J.E. 2011. Numerical Modeling ofMultistranded-Hydraulic-Fracture Propagation: Accounting for the InteractionBetween Induced and Natural Fractures. SPE J. 16 (3):575-581. SPE-124884-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/124884-PA.
Davidson, B.M., Saunders, B.F., Robinson, B.M. et al. 1993. Analysis ofAbnormally High Fracture Treating Pressures Caused by Complex Fracture Growth.Presented at the SPE Gas Technology Symposium, Calgary, 28-30 June.SPE-26154-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/26154-MS.
Elbel, J.L., Piggott, A.R., and Mack, M.G. 1992. Numerical Modeling ofMultilayer Fracture Treatments. Presented at the Permian Basin Oil and GasRecovery Conference, Midland, Texas, USA, 18-20 March. SPE-23982-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/23982-MS.
Erdogan, F. and Sih, G. 1963. On the crack extension in plates under planeloading and transverse shear. Trans ASME J Basic Eng 85:519-527.
Erickson, L. 1986. User's manual for DIS3D: a three dimensionaldislocation program with applications to faulting in the Earth. MS thesis,Stanford University, Stanford, California.
Germanovich, L.N. and Astakhov, D.K. 2004. Fracture closure in extension andmechanical interaction of parallel joints. Journal of Geophysical Research:Solid Earth 109 (B2): B02208. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2002jb002131.
King, G.E. 2010. Thirty Years of Gas Shale Fracturing: What Have We Learned?Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Florence,Italy, 19-22 September. SPE-133456-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/133456-MS.
Leonard, R.S., Woodroof, R.A., Bullard, K. et al. 2007. Barnett ShaleCompletions: A Method for Assessing New Completion Strategies. Presented at theSPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Anaheim, California, USA, 11-14November. SPE-110809-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/110809-MS.
Mack, M.G., Elbel, J.L., and Piggott, A.R. 1992. Numerical Representation ofMultilayer Fracturing. In Rock Mechanics: Proceedings of the 33rd USSymposium, ed. J.R. Tillerson and W.R. Wawersik. Rotterdam, TheNetherlands: A.A. Balkema.
Mahrer, K.D., Aud, W.W., and Hansen, J.T. 1996. Far-Field Hydraulic FractureGeometry: A Changing Paradigm. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conferenceand Exhibition, Denver, 6-9 October. SPE-36441-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/36441-MS.
Meyer, B.R. and Bazan, L.W. 2011. A Discrete Fracture Network Model forHydraulically Induced Fractures - Theory, Parametric and Case Studies.Presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference, The Woodlands,Texas, USA, 24-26 January. SPE-140514-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/140514-MS.
Nolte, K.G. 1991. Fracturing-Pressure Analysis for Nonideal Behavior. JPet Technol 43 (2): 210-218. SPE-20704-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/20704-PA.
Peidro, F. 2009. The Relationship between Fracture Density and theMechanical Layering of Rock. MSc thesis, Norwegian University of Scienceand Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.
Pope, C.D., Palisch, T.T., Lolon, E. et al. 2010. Improving StimulationEffectiveness - Field Results in the Haynesville Shale. Presented at the SPEAnnual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Florence, Italy, 19-22 September.SPE-134165-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/134165-MS.
Olson, J. and Pollard, D.D. 1989. Inferring paleostresses from naturalfracture patterns: A new method. Geology 17 (4): 345-348.http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1989)017<0345:ipfnfp>2.3.co;2.
Olson, J.E. 2008. Multi-fracture Propagation Modeling: Application tohydraulic fracturing in shales and tight gas sands. Presented at the 42nd USRock Mechanics Symposium, San Francisco, 29 June -2 July. ARMA 08-327.
Olson, J.E. and Dahi-Taleghani, A. 2009. Modeling Simultaneous Growth ofMultiple Hydraulic Fractures and Their Interaction With Natural Fractures.Presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference, The Woodlands,Texas, USA, 19-21 January. SPE-119739-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/119739-MS.
Olson, J.E. 2004. Predicting fracture swarms—the influence of subcriticalcrack growth and the crack-tip process zone on joint spacing in rock. In TheInitiation, Propagation, and Arrest of Joints and Other Fractures, ed. J.W.Cosgrove and T. Engelder, No. 231, 73-87. Bath, UK: Special Publication,Geological Society Publishing House.
Olson, J.E. and Wu, K. 2012. Sequential vs. Simultaneous MultizoneFracturing in Horizontal Wells: Insights From a Non-Planar, Multifrac NumericalModel. Presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference, TheWoodlands, Texas, USA, 6-8 February. SPE-152602-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/152602-MS.
Roussel, N.P., Manchanda, R., and Sharma, M.M. 2012. Implications ofFracturing Pressure Data Recorded during a Horizontal Completion on StageSpacing Design. Presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing TechnologyConference, The Woodlands, Texas, USA, 6-8 February. SPE-152631-MS.http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/152631-MS.
Sagy, A. and Reches, Z. 2006. Joint intensity in layered rocks: Theunsaturated, saturated, supersaturated, and clustered classes. IsraelJournal of Earth Sciences 55 (1): 33 - 42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1560/IJES_55_1_33.
Sato, K., Wright, C.A., and Ichikawa, M. 1999. Post-Frac Analyses IndicatingMultiple Fractures Created in a Volcanic Formation. SPE Prod & Oper 14 (4): 284-291. SPE-59097-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/59097-PA.
Segall, P. 1984. Formation and growth of extensional fracture sets. Geol.Soc. Am. Bull. 95 (4): 454-462. http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/0016-7606(1984)95<454:fagoef>2.0.co;2.
Siriwardane, H.J. and Layne, A.W. 1991. Improved Model for PredictingMultiple Hydraulic Fracture Propagation From a Horizontal Well. Presented atthe SPE Eastern Regional Meeting, Lexington, Kentucky, USA, 22-25 October.SPE-23448-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/23448-MS.
Tang, C.A., Liang, Z.Z., Zhang, Y.B. et al. 2008. Fracture spacing inlayered materials: A new explanation based on two-dimensional failure processmodeling. Am. J. Sci. 308 (1): 49-72. http://dx.doi.org/10.2475/01.2008.02.
Valkó, P. and Economides, M.J. 1995. Hydraulic Fracture Mechanics.Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons.
Warpinski, N.R., Moschovidis, Z.A., Parker, C.D. et al. 1994. ComparisonStudy of Hydraulic Fracturing Models—Test Case: GRI Staged Field Experiment No.3. SPE Prod & Oper 9 (1): 7-16. SPE-25890-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/25890-PA.
Weijers, L., Wright, C.A., Sugiyama, H. et al. 2000. SimultaneousPropagation of Multiple Hydraulic Fractures - Evidence, Impact and ModelingImplications. Presented at the International Oil and Gas Conference andExhibition in China, Beijing, 7-10 November. SPE-64772-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/64772-MS.
Weng, X., Kresse, O., Cohen, C.E. et al. 2011. Modeling of HydraulicFracture Network Propagation in a Naturally Fractured Formation. Presented atthe SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference, The Woodlands, Texas, USA,24-26 January. SPE-140253-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/140253-MS.
Wu, R., Kresse, O., Weng, X. et al. 2012. Modeling of Interaction ofHydraulic Fractures in Complex Fracture Networks. Presented at the SPEHydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference, The Woodlands, Texas, USA, 6-8February. SPE-152052-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/152052-MS.
Yamamoto, K., Shimamoto, T., and Sukemura, S. 2004. Multiple FracturePropagation Model for a Three-Dimensional Hydraulic Fracturing Simulator.Int. J. Geomech. 4 (1): 46-57. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1532-3641(2004)4:1(46).
Yu, W. and Sepehrnoori, K. 2013. Optimization of Multiple HydraulicallyFractured Horizontal Wells in Unconventional Gas Reservoirs. Journal ofPetroleum Engineering 2013: 1-17. Article ID 151898. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/151898.
Not finding what you're looking for? Some of the OnePetro partner societies have developed subject- specific wikis that may help.
The SEG Wiki
The SEG Wiki is a useful collection of information for working geophysicists, educators, and students in the field of geophysics. The initial content has been derived from : Robert E. Sheriff's Encyclopedic Dictionary of Applied Geophysics, fourth edition.