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Unconstrained Voronoi Grids for Densely Spaced Complex Wells in Full-Field Reservoir Simulation
- Larry S.-K. Fung (Saudi Aramco) | Xiang Y. Ding (Saudi Aramco) | Ali H. Dogru (Saudi Aramco)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- October 2014
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 803 - 815
- 2014.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 6 Reservoir Description and Dynamics, 6.5.2 Construction of Static Models, 6.5 Reservoir Simulation, 6.5.1 Simulator Development
- PEBI Voronoi grid, parallel reservoir simulation, Unstructured Gridding, Flow near Complex Wells
- 5 in the last 30 days
- 302 since 2007
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Accurate representation of near-well flow is an important subject matter in reservoir simulation. In today’s field-scale reservoir simulation, cell-centered structured grids remain the predominant practice. Typically, well-inflow performance of the perforated cells is connected to the finite-volume solution by means of well indices that may not be well-defined when the wellbore intersects the finite-volume cells in a complex trajectory. Fine gridding is also required to resolve the flow dynamics in the near-well regions. Strong grid-orientation sensitivities can also contribute to the numerical errors and may require significant local grid refinement to alleviate. There are ongoing research-and-development (R&D) efforts on applying unstructured grids to better represent the near-well flow in reservoir simulation, but their applications are mainly in single-well study or sector modeling with a few wells. Some of the reasons cited for this include (1) the lack of an effective, easy-to-use full-field complex well-gridding tool; (2) the lack of supporting unstructured workflow for full-cycle reservoir simulation; (3) the cost of unstructured-grid simulation; and (4) the availability of post-analysis and visualization tools for unstructured-grid simulation. The paper describes a novel method to automatically generate unstructured grids that conform to complex wellpaths in field-scale simulation. The method uses a multilevel approach to place cells optimally within the solution domain on the basis of the "regions of interests." The wellbore geometry is honored by means of the construction of a near-well grid that is complemented with multilevel quad-tree (Fig. 1) refinements to achieve the desired resolution in grid transition zones. The method includes an algorithm to remove small cells and pinching cells on the basis of local grid quality measures and cell prioritization to honor wellpaths. The gridding process forms a component of a production-level reservoir-simulation workflow. The use of unstructured grid results in computational savings by placing cells where the resolution is needed. An in-house massively parallel simulator is used to run the unstructured-grid models. Simulation examples for full-field applications with hundreds of complex wells by use of both structured grids and unstructured grids will be used to compare results, accuracy, and performance of the gridding method for reservoir simulation.
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