Cost-Effective Ultralarge-Diameter Polycrystalline-Diamond-Compact-Bit Drilling in Deepwater Gulf of Mexico
- Piero D’Ambrosio (BP America) | Sofiri Hart (BP America) | Ernest Prochaska (NOV Downhole) | Reisha Bouska (NOV Downhole) | Douglas Tinsley (DMTJ Energy Consulting)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Drilling & Completion
- Publication Date
- February 2014
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 47 - 63
- 2014.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 1.11 Drilling Fluids and Materials, 1.10 Drilling Equipment, 5.3.4 Integration of geomechanics in models, 1.10.1 Drill string components and drilling tools (tubulars, jars, subs, stabilisers, reamers, etc), 1.5 Drill Bits, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 1.6.2 Technical Limit Drilling, 2.1.7 Deepwater Completions Design, 1.6.1 Drilling Operation Management
- deepwater, optimization, PDC bits, Gulf of Mexico, drilling
- 1 in the last 30 days
- 485 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 10.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 30.00|
Ultralarge-diameter polycrystalline-diamond-compact (PDC)-bit drilling is a fast-growing cost-effective solution in high-tier deepwater drilling operations in the US Gulf of Mexico (GOM) where salt is encountered in the shallow part of the wellbore. Conventional design called for roller-cone (RC) (IADC Code 111-115) drill bits on positive-displacement motors (PDMs) in these ultralarge- diameter intervals. Cost savings on drilling fluid alone, in the form of rate-of-penetration (ROP) gains through the salt interval, has the industry trending to drill these riserless sections with the use of PDC drill bits on rotary-steerable-system (RSS) drilling assemblies. New robust high-torque-capacity topdrives, stronger drillpipe (DP) connections, larger-diameter RSS tools, and improved mud programs have all largely contributed to this step change in drilling performance. In addition, evolved bit and bottomhole-assembly (BHA) design, efficient operating parameters, improved hydraulics, and vibration-prediction modeling have all aided in the success of these runs. Although this emerging new trend reduces drilling times and associated cost, experience has shown there are multiple challenges that must be overcome to complete a successful run in a single trip. These challenges vary from well to well and include, but are not limited to, BHA steerability, rig-equipment limitations, efficient operating parameters, identification of both sediment and salt formations, hole cleaning and hydraulics, salt creep, drilling-fluid displacement, DP torque limitations, stabilization placement, lateral/ torsional BHA vibrations, and others. This paper will concentrate on the multiple aspects of ultralarge- diameter riserless PDC-bit drilling applications and the considerations that have been used to optimize them. Prior SPE papers and data from previous deepwater GOM case histories were heavily researched and scrutinized to support the conclusions provided within the body of this paper. Together with industry experience available, these findings have resulted in a set of defined recommendations, providing operators with a guide to justify a lower-cost-per-foot approach through the potential reduction of drilling time in these challenging applications.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||17|
Aburto, M. 2011. Drilling Optimization for Salt Caprock in Deepwater Gulf of Mexico. Paper prepared for the Drilling & Completing Trouble Zones (DCTZ) Forum.
Amorim, D., Hanley, C., and Leite, D.J. 2012. BHA Selection and Parameter Definition Using Vibration Prediction Software Leads to Significant Drilling Performance Improvements. Paper SPE 152231 presented at the SPE Latin American and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference, Mexico City, Mexico, 16–18 April. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/152231-MS.
Bailey, J. and Remmert, S. 2010. Managing Drilling Vibrations Through BHA Design Optimization. Drill & Compl 25 (4): 458–471. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/139426-PA.
Barton, S., Weeden, R., Mensa-Wilmot, G. et al. 2010. Solving the Salt Challenge: Unique Drill Bit Philosophy Delivers Breakthrough Performance in the Gulf of Mexico. Paper OTC-20425 presented at the Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, Texas, 3–6 May. http://dx.doi.org/10.4043/20425-MS.
Chamat, E. and Israel, R. 2012. Efficient and Reliable Vertical Drilling of Top Holes with RSS in Deepwater GOM. Paper SPE 151395 presented at the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference and Exhibition, San Diego, California, 6–8 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/151395-MS.
Chatar, C., D’Ambrosio, P., and Clyde, R. 2009. Directional Drilling Challenges for Deep Wells —Modeling Side-Force Limits. Paper AADE 2009NTCE-14-03 presented at the American Association of Drilling Engineers, New Orleans, Louisiana.
Chatar, C., Israel, R., and Cantrell, A. 2010. Drilling Deep in DeepWater: What It Takes to Drill Past 30,000 ft. Paper SPE 128190 presented at the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, Louisiana, 2–4 February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/128190-MS.
D’Ambrosio, P., Clarke, A., Bouska, R. et al. 2012. Distributed Dynamics Feasibility Study. Paper SPE 151477 presented at the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference and Exhibition, San Diego, California, 6–8 March.
Dareing, Don W. 1984. Drill Collar Length Is a Major Factor in Vibration Control. J Pet Tech 36 (4): 637–644. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/11228-PA.
Dykstra, M. and Grauwmans, R. 2010. Business Value of Stick-Slip Mitigation: Rejuvenation of Soft Torque Technology. IADC Stick-Slip Mitigation Workshop.
Erb, P., Healey, M., Saha, L. et al. 2002. The Thunder Horse Project: A New Benchmark in the Gulf of Mexico. Paper WPC 32112 presented at the 17th World Petroleum Congress, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1–5 September.
Israel, R., D’Ambrosio, P., Leavitt, A. et al. 2008. Challenges of Directional Drilling Through Salt in Deepwater Gulf of Mexico. Paper SPE 112669 presented at the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference, Orlando, Florida, 4–6 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/112669-MS.
Javanmardi, K. and Gaspard, D.T. 1992. Application of Soft-Torque Rotary Table in Mobile Bay. Paper SPE 23913 presented at the SPE/IADC Drilling Conference, New Orleans, Louisiana, 18–21 February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/23913-MS.
Johnson, M. and Rowden, M. 2001. Riserless Drilling Technique Saves Time and Money by Reducing Logistics and Maximizing Borehole Stability. Paper SPE 71752 presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, Louisiana, 30 September–3 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/71752-MS.
Johnstone, J.A. and Allan, D. 1999. Realizing True Value From Rotary Steerable Drilling Systems. Paper SPE 56958 presented at the Offshore Europe Oil and Gas Exhibition and Conference, Aberdeen, United Kingdom, 7–10 September. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/56958-MS.
Kull, B.J., Duff, R., Clarke, A. et al. 2009. Salt Drilling While Underreaming Behaviors Illuminated by Distributed Downhole Measurements. Paper SPE 124121 presented at the 2009 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, Louisiana, 4–7 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/124121-MS.
Kyllingstad, Å. and Nessjøen, P.J. 2009. A New Stick-Slip Prevention System. Paper SPE 119660 presented at the SPE/IADC Drilling Conference and Exhibition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 17–19 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/119660-MS.
Kyllingstad, Å. and Nessjøen, P.J. 2010. Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulations Used as a Cost-Efficient Tool for Developing an Advanced Stick-Slip Prevention System. Paper SPE 128223presented at the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, Louisiana, 2–4 February. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/128223-MS.
Kyllingstad, Å., Nessjøen, P.J., D’Ambrosio, P. et al. 2011. Field Experience With an Active Stick-Slip Prevention System. Paper SPE 139956 presented at the SPE/IADC Drilling Conference and Exhibition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1–3 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/139956-MS.
Marland, C., Buchan, J., Chen, D. et al. 2004. Understanding Downhole Vibration Transmission and Disruption in Gulf of Thailand. Paper SPE 88449 presented at the SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Perth, Australia, 18–20 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/88449-MS.
Neuschaefer, R., Sirkin, G., and Tollefsen, E. 2005. Realizing Substantial Rig Time Savings With Next-Generation LWD and Directional Services. Paper presented at the Global Drilling Conference, Houston, Texas, 19 April.
Pink, T., Bruce, A., Kverneland, H. et al. 2012. Building an Automated Drilling System Where the Surface Machines are Controlled by Downhole and Surface Data to Optimize the Well-Construction Process. Paper SPE 150973 presented at the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference and Exhibition, San Diego, California, 6–8 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/150973-MS.
Sowers, S., Dupriest, F., Bailey, J. et al. 2009. Use of Roller Reamers Improves Drilling Performance in Wells Limited by Bit and Bottom Hole Assembly Vibrations. Paper SPE 119375 presented at the SPE/IADC Drilling Conference and Exhibition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 17–19 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/119375-MS.
Stroud, D., Bird, N., Norton, P. et al. 2012. Roller Reamer Fulcrum in Point-the-Bit Rotary Steerable System Reduces Stick-Slip and Backward Whirl. Paper SPE 151603 presented at the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference and Exhibition, San Diego, California, 6–8 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/151603-MS.
Teasdale, P., Chafai, R., Saeed, A. et al. 2012. BHA Modeling Coupled With High Frequency Downhole Vibration Data Provides Unique Solution to Inconsistent Drilling Performance in South Iraq Oilfield Development. Paper SPE 156445 presented at the IADC/SPE Asia Pacific Drilling Technology Conference and Exhibition, Tianjin, China, 9–11 July. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/156445-MS.
Valdez, H. and Fleece, T. 2005. Atlantis Batch Setting: Operational Performance Close to Perfection. Paper SPE 97218 presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Dallas, Texas, 9–12 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/97218-MS.
Weber, A., Gray, I., Neuschaefer, R. et al. 2007. Rotary Steerable Systems in the Gulf of Mexico Gain Acceptance. World Oil article, April, pp. 53–62.
Willson, S.M. and Fredrich, J.T. 2005. Geomechanics Considerations for Through- and Near-Salt Well Design. Paper SPE 95621 presented at the SPE Technical Conference and Exhibition, Dallas, Texas, 9–12 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/95621-MS.