A Novel Tool To Improve the Rate of Penetration--Hydraulic-Pulsed Cavitating-Jet Generator
- Jiasheng Fu (China University of Petroleum) | Gensheng Li (China University of Petroleum) | Huaizhong Shi (China University of Petroleum) | Jilei Niu (China University of Petroleum) | Zhongwei Huang (China University of Petroleum)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Drilling & Completion
- Publication Date
- September 2012
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 355 - 362
- 2012. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 1.11 Drilling Fluids and Materials, 1.10 Drilling Equipment
- 3 in the last 30 days
- 761 since 2007
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On the basis of the analysis of the jet-modulating mechanism, a novel tool--a hydraulic-pulsed cavitating-jet generator (HPCJG)--is designed to further improve the rate of penetration (ROP). The HPCJG combines the advantages of a pulsed jet and a cavitating jet. When the drilling fluid flows through this tool, the fluid will be modulated to the pulsed and cavitating jet by application of the impellers and by entering into the self-resonant chamber. During this process, a pulsed cavitating jet is formed at the outlet of the bit nozzle. Because of jet pulsation, cavitating erosion, and the local negative-pressure effect, the cleaning efficiency of the well-bottom cuttings and the ROP will be improved. Laboratory and oilfield tests have indicated that the pulsed-pressure amplitude and the pressure drop of the generator increase with the increase of the flow rate. However, the frequency of the pressure pulsation is invariable in this process. This generator has been applied to more than 100 wells in eight oil fields throughout China. The results show that the maximum density of the test drilling fluid is 1.93 g/cm3, the maximum test-well depth is 6162 m, and the operation time of the generator is more than 230 hours (the maximum operation time recorded was more than 520 hours). Furthermore, the average ROP was increased by approximately 16.7% to 104.4%. In conclusion, the generator has the characteristics of a simple structure, has a long lifetime, is able to adapt well with existing drilling equipment, and can provide a safe and efficient drilling technique for deep wells.
|File Size||2 MB||Number of Pages||8|
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