A New Foam Model in Pipes for Drilling and Fracturing Application
- Ali Edrisi (Louisiana State University) | Seung I. Kam (Louisiana State University)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- August 2014
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 576 - 585
- 2013. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.2.2 Fluid Modeling, Equations of State, 5.8.2 Shale Gas, 2.5.2 Fracturing Materials (Fluids, Proppant), 1.7.1 Underbalanced Drilling, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 5.8.1 Tight Gas, 5.3.2 Multiphase Flow, 1.7.7 Cuttings Transport
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- 401 since 2007
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A series of recent experimental studies revealed that foam flow can berepresented by two distinct flow regimes in general--low quality regime,showing stable plug-flow pattern, and high-quality regime, showing unstableslug-flow pattern. This study, for the first time, presents how to develop acomprehensive foam model that can handle a variety of bubble-size distributionsand both stable and unstable flow patterns with a two-flow-regime concept.Building an improved foam model on the basis of such a new concept canpotentially help to better design and optimize many foam-associated processesincluding tight-gas and shale gas foam fracturing, foam underbalanced drilling,foam liquid unloading, and cuttings transport. Analyzing the experimental dataof surfactant foams and polymer- added foams shows that (i) in the low-qualityregime, foam rheology is governed by bubble slippage at the wall with nosignificant change in its fine foam texture and (ii) in the high-qualityregime, foam rheology is governed by the relative size of free-gas segment tofine-textured foam-slug segment. With these governing mechanisms, this improvedfoam model successfully reproduces foam-flow characteristics as observed in theexperiments, including almost-horizontal pressure contours in the low-qualityregime and inclined pressure contours in the high-quality regime. Although themodel is built with a power-law fluid model, the same procedure can be appliedfor Bingham-plastic or yield-power-law fluids.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||10|
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