Four-Fluid-Phase, Fully Implicit Simulation of Surfactant Flooding
- Leonardo Patacchini (Total S.A.) | Romain de Loubens (Total S.A.) | Arthur Moncorge (Total S.A.) | Adrien Trouillaud (Total S.A.)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering
- Publication Date
- May 2014
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 271 - 285
- 2014.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.2.1 Phase Behavior and PVT Measurements, 5.2.2 Fluid Modeling, Equations of State, 5.5 Reservoir Simulation, 5.4.7 Chemical Flooding Methods (e.g., Polymer, Solvent, Nitrogen, Immiscible CO2, Surfactant, Vapex), 4.6 Natural Gas, 2.5.2 Fracturing Materials (Fluids, Proppant)
- surfactant, four-fluid-phase, microemulsion, fully implicit, reservoir simulation
- 7 in the last 30 days
- 714 since 2007
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|SPE Member Price:||USD 10.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 30.00|
The Microemulsion phase behavior model based on oleic/aqueous/surfactant pseudophase equilibrium, commonly used in chemical flooding simulators, is coupled to Gas/Oil/Water phase equilibrium in our new four-fluid-phase, fully implicit in-house research reservoir simulator (IHRRS) (Moncorge et al. 2012). The method consistsof splitting the equilibrium into two stages, in which all the components other than surfactant are equilibrated first - by use of a black-oil, K-value, or equation of state (EOS) model - and the resulting Gas, Oil, and Water phases are then lumped into pseudophases to be equilibrated by use of the Microemulsion model. This subdivision in stages is conceptual, and at each converged timestep the four phases (Gas, Oil, Water, and Microemulsion, when simultaneously present) will be in equilibrium with each other. The fluid properties (such as densities, viscosities, and interfacial tensions) and rock/fluid properties (such as relative permeabilities) required in the transport equations are evaluated with models from well-known industrial or academic simulators. Surfactant flooding being usually implemented as a tertiary recovery mechanism, on fields for which complete models that we do not wish to modify already exist, particular care is devoted to ensuring continuity of the physics at the onset of surfactant injection. Our code is first validated against a reference academic chemical- flooding simulator, on a 1D, three-fluid-phase (Oil/Water/ Microemulsion) coreflood. Second, as application examples where it is necessary to account for four phases in equilibrium, we consider a scenario where the chemical flood is preceded by a vaporizing Gas drive, as well as a scenario where dissolved gas is released by the Oil during the flooding process. Some aspects of our implementation, such as numerical dispersion vs. timestep length and nonlinear convergence, are also discussed; in particular, we show that numerical performance is not degraded by the four-phase equilibrium.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||15|
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