Wanted Dead or Live: Crude-Cocktail Viscosity--A Pseudocomponent Method to Predict the Viscosity of Dead Oils, Live Oils, and Mixtures
- Harvey Yarranton (University of Calgary) | Johan van Dorp (Shell Canada Limited) | Marco Verlaan (Shell Canada Limited) | Vaclav Lastovka (Shell Chemicals Americas Incorporated)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- May 2013
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 176 - 191
- 2013. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.2.1 Phase Behavior and PVT Measurements
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- 663 since 2007
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A broadly applicable methodology is presented to reliably predict crude-oil-liquid viscosity from a gas-chromatographic (GC)-assay composition only (C30+ is recommended). The viscosity model employs a Walther-type correlation of double-log viscosity with log temperature to predict the viscosity of dead and live crude oils and mixtures. The model has three parameters: the slope and intercept of the Walther plot and a viscosibility factor to account for pressure effects. Simple mass-based mixing rules are applied on these three parameters to obtain mixture viscosity. The three parameters were correlated to component molecular weight (MW); therefore, a gas-chromatographic assay is the only required input apart from the temperature and pressure. The methodology was developed from a western Canadian (WC) data set of two bitumens, one heavy oil, and one condensate, and then tested on an independent data set of 10 conventional and heavy crude oils from the Gulf of Mexico, the Middle East, Asia, and Europe. The model provides untuned viscosity predictions within a factor of two of the measured values for dead and live crude oils ranging in viscosity from 0.5 to 500 000 mPa·s. A single multiplier is used to tune the model. Models tuned to dead-oil data predict live-oil viscosities and those of mixtures of oils with solvents to within 30% of the measured values. Models tuned to the viscosity at the saturation pressure predict the effect of temperature and pressure to within 20% of the measured values. The method retains its accuracy when components are lumped into a few pseudocomponents and is suited ideally for use in simulators for accurate liquid-phase viscosity predictions over a wide range of compositions, pressures, and temperatures. It would be necessary to include the proposed mixing rules in numerical simulators. An additional advantage of the method is the reduction in viscosity measurements needed to construct an accurate viscosity model.
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