A Computational-Fluid-Dynamics-Based Eulerian-Granular Approach for Characterization of Sand Erosion in Multiphase-Flow Systems
- Yaojun Lu (FMC Technologies Incorporated) | Madhusuden Agrawal (Ansys)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- August 2014
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 586 - 597
- 2013. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.3.2 Multiphase Flow, 4.2.3 Materials and corrosion, 5.2.2 Fluid Modeling, Equations of State
- 6 in the last 30 days
- 393 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 10.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 30.00|
This paper presents a computational-fluid-dynamics (CFD)-basedEulerian-Granular approach for characterizing erosion wear in multiphase-flowsystems. In contrast to the conventional CFD-based Eulerian-Lagrangianapproach, the Eulerian-Granular approach takes account of multiphase dynamicson the basis of the multifluid concept and the kinetic theory; therefore, amore realistic erosion prediction can be achieved. Both the benchmark study andtypical applications have demonstrated the effectiveness of the CFD-basedEulerian-Granular approach from dilute to condensed flow systems. Unlike theconventional CFD-based Eulerian-Lagrangian approach and the spreadsheet-basedempirical approach, which tend to provide a risky erosion prediction, theCFD-based Eulerian-granular approach is able to capture detailed flow and phaseredistribution effects as well as particle/particle interaction involved inmultiphase-flow systems. Because fewer assumptions have been made, a morerealistic prediction can be expected. The CFD-based Eulerian-Granular approachdescribed in this paper can serve as a general instrument for erosion analysisin multiphase-flow systems, and thus deserves more attention in the erosioncommunity.
|File Size||1017 KB||Number of Pages||12|
Achebo, J.I. 2009. Computational Analysis of Erosion Wear Rate in a PipelineUsing the Drift Flux Models Based on Eulerian Continuum Equations.Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering, Vol. 1, 1-3 July,London, UK.
Ansys. 2011. Fluent User Manual.
API. 1981. Reprint (RP) for Design and Installation of Offshore ProductionPlatform Piping Systems, third edition, API RP 14E, Washington, DC:American Petroleum Institute.
Brown, G. 1999. Erosion Prediction in Slurry Pipeline Tee-Junction. Paperpresented at the Second International Conference on CFD in Minerals and ProcessIndustry, CSIRO, Melbourne, Australia, 6-8 December.
Chen, X.H., McLaury, B.S., and Shirazi, S.A. 2006. A Comprehensive Procedureto Estimate Erosion in Elbows for Gas/Liquid/Sand Multiphase Flow. J. EnergyResour. Technol. 128 (1): 70-78. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.2131885.
Crowe, C.T., Summerfield, M., and Tsuji, Y. 1997. Multiphase Flows WithDroplets and Particles, Oxford, UK: Taylor & Francis, Inc.
Det Norske Veritas. 2007. Reprint (RP) for Erosive Wear in PipingSystems, DNV O501, version 4.2, Hovik, Baerum, Norway.
Ding, J. and Gidaspow, D. 1990. A Bubbling Fluidization Mode Using KineticTheory of Granular Flow. AIChE J. 36 (4): 523-538. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aic.690360404.
Gidaspow, D. 1994. Multiphase Flow and Fluidization, Boston: AcademicPress.
Gidaspow, D., Bezburuah, R., and Ding, J. 1992. Hydrodynamics of CirculatingFluidized Beds, Kinetic Theory Approach. In Fluidization VII, Proceedings ofthe 7th Engineering Foundation Conference on Fluidization, 75-82, GoldCoast (Australia), 3-8 May.
Jenkins, J.T. and Savage, S.B. 1983. A Theory for the Rapid Flow ofIdentical, Smooth, Nearly Elastic Particles. J. Fluid Mechanics 130: 186-202.
Lun, C.K.K., Savage, S.B., Jeffrey, D.J. et al. 1984. Kinetic Theories forGranular Flow: Inelastic Particles in Coquette Flow and Slightly InelasticParticles in a General Flow Field. J. Fluid Mechanics 140:223-256.
Magner, E. 1996. Modeling and Simulation of Gas/Solid Flow in CurvilinearCoordinates. PhD thesis, Telemark Institute of Technology, Norway.
Mazumder, Q.H., Shirazi, S.A., and McLaury, B.S. 2004. A Mechanical Model ToPredict Sand Erosion in Multiphase Flow in Elbows Downstream of Vertical Pipes.Paper presented at the Corrosion Conference, NACE 04662.
Mazumder, Q.H., Shirazi, S.A., and McLaury, B.S. 2005. Development andValidation of a Mechanical Model To Predict Solid Particle Erosion inMultiphase Flow. Wear 259 (1-6): 203-207.
Mazumder, Q.H., Shirazi, S.A., and McLaury, B.S. 2008. Prediction of SolidParticle Erosive Wear of Elbows in Multiphase Annular Flow-Model Developmentand Experimental Validation. J. Energy Resour. Technol. 130(2): 1-10.
McLaury, B.S. 1993. A Model To Predict Solid Particle Erosion in OilfieldGeometries. MS thesis, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University ofTulsa.
McLaury, B.S. and Shirazi, S.A. 1999. Generalization of API RP 14E forErosive Service in Multiphase Production. Paper SPE 56812 presented at the SPEAnnual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Houston, Texas, 3-6 October. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/56812-MS.
McLaury, B.S. and Shirazi, S.A. 2000. An Alternative Method to API RP 14Efor Predicting Solids Erosion in Multiphase Flow. J. Energy Resour.Technol. 112: 115-122.
McLaury, B.S., Shirazi, S.A., and Rybicki, E.F. 2010. Sand Erosion inMultiphase Flow for Slug and Annular Flow Regimes. Paper presented at theCorrosion Conference, NACE 10377.
Ogawa, S., Umemura, A., and Oshima, N. 1980. On the Equations of FullyFluidized Granular Materials. J. Applied Mathematics and Physics 31 (4): 483-493. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01590859.
Salama, M.M. 2000. An Alternative to API 14E Erosion Velocity Limits forSand-Laden Fluids. J. Energy Resour. Technol. 122: 71-77.http://dx.doi.org/10.4043/8898-PA.
Salama, M.M. and Venkatesh, E.S. 1983. Evaluation of Erosion VelocityLimitations for Offshore Gas Wells. Paper OTC 4485 presented at the OffshoreTechnology Conference, Houston, Texas, 2-5 May.
Shirazi, S.A., McLaury, B.S., Shadley, J.R. et al. 1995a. Generalization ofthe API RP 14E Guideline for Erosive Services. J. Pet Technol 47 (8): 693-698. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/28518-PA.
Shirazi, S.A., McLaury, B.S., Shadley, J.R. et al. 1995b. A Procedure ToPredict Solid Particle Erosion in Elbows and Tees. J. Pressure VesselTechnol. 117 (1): 45-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.2842089.
Svedeman, S.I. and Arnold, K.E. 1994. Criteria for Sizing Multiphase FlowLines for Erosive/Corrosive Service. SPE Prod & Fac 9(1): 74-80. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/26569-PA.
Syamlal, M. and O'Brien, T.J. 1989. Computer Simulation of Bubbles in aFluidized Bed. AIChE Symp. Series 85: 22-31.
Wen, C.Y. and Yu, Y.H. 1966. Mechanics of Fluidization. Chem. Eng. Prog.Symp. Series 62: 100-111.
Zhang, Y., Reuterfors, E.P., McLaury, B.S. et al. 2007. Comparison ofComputed and Measured Particle Velocities and Erosion in Water and Air Flows.Wear 263: 330-338.