Improving the Accuracy of Directional Wellbore Surveying in the Norwegian Sea
- Inge Edvardsen (Baker Hughes) | Truls L. Hansen (University of Tromsø) | Morten Gjertsen (Baker Hughes) | Harry Wilson (Baker Hughes)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Drilling & Completion
- Publication Date
- May 2013
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 158 - 167
- 2013. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 1.6 Drilling Operations
- 3 in the last 30 days
- 579 since 2007
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Time-dependent current fluctuations in the Earth's ionosphere cause inaccuracies in wellbore directional surveying. These inaccuracies increase at higher latitudes, and although monitoring and correction are possible, they become less valid as the distance between the monitoring site and the rigsite increases, which is a particular problem for offshore drillsites. The characteristics of the ionosphere currents indicate that the most favorable location for monitoring stations is on the same geomagnetic latitude as the drillsite. Such an arrangement has been used to monitor and correct directional surveys at the Haltenbanken area of the Norwegian Sea over a period of approximately 2 years. Haltenbanken is approximately 200 km west of the Norwegian coast at latitude 65°N, where magnetic-storm activity can have a significant effect on directional surveying. A monitoring station was set up on the coast at the same geomagnetic latitude as Haltenbanken. To test the idea that magnetic disturbances are similar along constant magnetic latitude, an additional monitoring station was established 200 km east of the main station. The data broadly confirmed the hypothesis, although isolated events were observed when this was not the case. The challenges of surveying at offshore sites north of 62°N latitude are probably greater than the oil and gas industry is accustomed to--but such challenges will become more significant if the Arctic Ocean is opened to drilling operations. The technique described in this paper may contribute to safer and more-productive offshore operations at high latitudes.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||10|
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