Block Model for Growth of Steam-Heated Zone in Oil-Bearing Naturally Fractured Carbonate Reservoirs
- Philip J. Closmann (Consultant)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Journal
- Publication Date
- September 2012
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 671 - 679
- 2012. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.2.1 Phase Behavior and PVT Measurements, 5.4.6 Thermal Methods, 5.8.7 Carbonate Reservoir
- 2 in the last 30 days
- 272 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 10.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 30.00|
A model for steam injection into naturally fractured carbonate reservoirs provides a method of calculating the volume of heated formation for a given amount of steam, provided that the assumptions of the model are satisfied. The model represents the fractured reservoir by a system of blocks, dependent on fracture spacing and dimensions. The amount of oil mobilized can be estimated from prior measurements of oil saturation and laboratory tests of oil-displacement efficiency. Results comparable to observations are obtained. In addition, the temperature distribution along the direction of propagation in the reservoir may also be estimated, provided that there is a guide to variation in the local oil mobility. These results can assist in evaluating the effectiveness of steam injection in the recovery of oil from naturally fractured formations.
|File Size||2 MB||Number of Pages||9|
Burger, J.G., Sourieau, P., and Combarnous, M. 1985. Thermal Methods ofOil Recovery, 157-158. Houston, Texas: Gulf Publishing Company.
Carslaw, H.S. and Jaeger, J.C. 1959. Conduction of Heat in Solids,second edition, 233-234. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Churchill, R.V. 1973. Operational Mathematics, third edition, 8-12.New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.
Closmann, P.J. 1967. Steam Zone Growth During Multiple-Layer StreamInjection. SPE J. 7 (1): 1-10. SPE-1716-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/1716-PA.
Closmann, P.J. 1968. Steam Zone Growth in a Preheated Reservoir. SPEJ. 8 (3): 313-320. SPE-2000-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/2000-PA.
Closmann, P.J. and Seba, R.D. 1983. Laboratory Tests on Heavy Oil Recoveryby Steam Injection. SPE J. 23 (3): 417-426. SPE-10778-PA.http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/10778-PA.
Erdélyi, A., Oberhettinger, M.F., and Tricomi, F.G. 1954. Tables ofIntegral Transforms. Based, in Part, on Notes Left by Harry Bateman andCompiled by the Staff of the Bateman Manuscript Project, Vol. 1, 246-247.New York: McGraw-Hill. [author correction]
Iqbal, A., Zahedi, A., Li, B. et al. 2009. Characterization of ComplexCarbonate Heavy Oil Reservoir Undergoing Steam Injection—a Case Study. PaperSPE 120423 presented at the SPE Middle East Oil and Gas Show and Conference,Bahrain, 15-18 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/120423-MS.
Marx, J.W. and Langenheim, R.H. 1959. Reservoir Heating by Hot FluidInjection. In Transactions of the American Institute of Mining,Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, ed. Vol. 216, SPE-1266-G, 312-315.Dallas, Texas: Society of Petroleum Engineers of AIME.
Mollaei, A. and Maini, B. 2010. Steam Flooding of Naturally FracturedReservoirs: Basic Concepts and Recovery Mechanisms. J Can Pet Technol 49 (1): 65-70. SPE-132485-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/132485-PA.
Mollaei, A., Maini, B., and Jalilavi, M. 2007. Investigation of SteamFlooding in Naturally Fractured Reservoirs. Paper IPTC 11087 presented at theInternational Petroleum Technology Conference, Dubai, 4-6 December. http://dx.doi.org/10.2523/11087-MS.
Penney, R., Al-Lawati, S.B., Hinai, R. et al. 2007. First Full Field SteamInjection in a Fractured Carbonate at Qarn Alam, Oman. Paper SPE 105406presented at the SPE Middle East Oil and Gas Show and Conference, Bahrain,11-14 March. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/105406-MS.
Penney, R., Moosa, R., Sahin, G. et al. 2005. Steam Injection in FracturedCarbonate Reservoirs: Starting a New Trend in EOR. Paper IPTC 10727presented at the International Petroleum Technology Conference, Doha, Qatar,21-23 November. http://dx.doi.org/10.2523/10727-MS.
Prats, M. 1982. Thermal Recovery, No. 7, 42, 225-232. Richardson,Texas: Monograph Series, SPE. [year correction]
Stehfest, H. 1970. Algorithm 368: Numerical inversion of Laplace transforms.Commun. ACM 13 (1): 47-49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/361953.361969.