CFD Modelling and Experimental Observations of Changing Surface Profiles Caused by Solid Particle Erosion
- Chong Y. Wong (CSIRO Process Science and Engineering) | Christopher B. Solnordal (CSIRO Computational Informatics) | Jie Wu (CSIRO Process Science and Engineering)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Production & Operations
- Publication Date
- February 2013
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 61 - 74
- 2013.Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 4.2.3 Materials and corrosion
- CFD, prediction, solid particle erosion, air
- 1 in the last 30 days
- 373 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 10.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 30.00|
Traditional erosion modeling on oil and gas equipment frequently assumes a fixed erosion rate and unchanging surface profile throughout the erosion-exposure period. This approach does not account for the constantly changing surface and changes in the fluid flow, and therefore may lead to unquantified uncertainties in the prediction of equipment life. The literature presents limited experimental data of generic configurations in this topic. This paper addresses this gap by simultaneously investigating three generic configurations often encountered in oil and gas facilities. These configurations are a cylindrical rod, a hole in a flat plate, and a pipe cavity. Various eroded profiles of the physical configurations will be compared with traditional computational-fluid-dynamics (CFD) modeling with an unchanging model surface. To validate this traditional assumption, the authors have used a modeling approach with multilayer paint modeling and geometry surface profiling of the aforementioned configurations exposed to a flow field with ambient air suspended with dilute solid particles.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||14|
Achim, D., Easton, A.K., Schwarz, M.P. et al. 2002. Tube Erosion Modelling in a Fluidised Bed. Applied Mathematical Modelling 26 (2):191-201. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0307-904X(01)00055-5.
ANSYS. 2010. CFX13.0 User Manual. Canonsburg, Pennsylvania: ANSYS Inc.
API RP 14E, Recommended Pratice for Design and Installation of Offshore Production Platform Piping Systems, fifth edition. 1991. Washington, DC:API.
ASTM G73-04, Standard Practice for Liquid Impingement ErosionTesting. 2005. West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania: ASTM International. http://dx.doi.org/10.1520/G0073-04.
Brown, G.J. 2002. Erosion Prediction in Slurry Pipeline Tee-Junctions.Applied Mathematical Modelling 26 (2): 155-170. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0307-904X(01)00053-1.
Brown, G. 2006. Use of CFD to Predict and Reduce Erosion in an Industrial Slurry Piping System. Presented at the Fifth International Conference on CFD inthe Process Industries, Melbourne, Australia, 13-15 December. http://www.cfd.com.au/cfd_conf06/PDFs/073Bro.pdf.
Chen, X., McLaury, B.S., and Shirazi, S.A. 2004. Application and Experimental Validation of a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)-based Erosion Prediction Model in Elbows and Plugged Tees. Computers & Fluids 33 (10): 1251-1272. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compfluid.2004.02.003.
Clark, H.M. and Wong, K.K. 1995. Impact Angle, Particle Energy and Mass-Loss in Erosion by Dilute Slurries. Wear 186-187 (2): 454-464.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0043-1648(95)07120-2.
DNV-RP-O501, Erosive Wear in Piping Systems. 2007. Høvik, Norway: Det Norske Veritas (DNV).
Finnie, I. 1960. Erosion of Surfaces by Solid Particles. Wear 3 (2): 87-103. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0043-1648(60)90055-7.
Gosman, A.D. and Ioannides, E. 1983. Aspects of Computer-Simulation of Liquid-Fueled Combustors. Journal of Energy 7 (6):482-490.
Graham, L., Wong, C.Y., and Lester, D. 2009. Laboratory Modeling of Equipment Erosion by Sand Particles. Presented at the 2009 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, Louisiana, 4-7 October. SPE-124108-MS.http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/124108-MS.
Jordan, K.G. 1998. Erosion in Multiphase Production of Oil and Gas.Presented at the NACE International CORROSION 98 53rd Annual Conference and Exposition, San Diego California, USA, 22-27 March. NACE 98058.
Kuan, B., Yang, W., and Schwarz, M.P. 2007. Dilute Gas-Solid Two-Phase Flows in a Curved 90° Duct Bend: CFD Simulation with Experimental Validation.Chem. Eng. Sci. 62 (7): 2068-2088. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2006.12.054.
Launder, B.E. and Sharma, B.I. 1974. Application of the energy-dissipation model of turbulence to the calculation of flow near a spinning disc. Lettersin Heat and Mass Transfer 1 (2): 131-137. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0094-4548(74)90150-7.
Launder, B.E. and Spalding, D.B. 1974. The numerical computation of turbulent flows. Comput. Meth. Appl. Mech. Eng. 3 (2): 269-289.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0045-7825(74)90029-2.
Lester, D.R., Graham, L.A., and Wu, J. 2010. High precision suspension erosion modeling. Wear 269 (5-6): 449-457. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2010.04.032.
McLaury, B.S., Shirazi, S.A., and Shadley, J.R. 1996. How Erosion-Corrosion Patterns in a Choke Change as Material Losses in the Choke Progress. Presented at the NACE International CORROSION 96 51st Annual Conference and Exposition, Denver, 24-29 March. NACE 96016.
McLaury, B.S., Shirazi, S.A., and Shadley, J.R. 1999. How Operating and Environmental Conditions Affect Erosion. Presented at the NACE International CORROSION 99 54th Annual Conference and Exposition, San Antonio,Texas, USA, 25-30 April. NACE 99034.
McLaury, B.S., Wang, J., Shirazi, S.A. et al. 1997. Solid Particle Erosion in Long Radius Elbows and Straight Pipes. Presented at the 1997 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, 5-8 October.SPE-38842-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/38842-MS.
Meng, H.C. and Ludema, K.C. 1995. Wear Models and Predictive Equations:Their Form and Content. Wear 181-183 (2): 443-457. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0043-1648(95)90158-2.
Microsoft. 2006. Article 82890: Solver Uses Generalised Reduced Gradient Algorithm, 2006; Revision 1.4 (available from: http://support.microsoft.com/kb/82890).
Nuguri, P. 2007. Experimental Investigation and Modeling of Erosion for Gas Dominant Multiphase Flows with Sand. MS thesis, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tulsa.
Salama, M.M. 1998. An Alternative to API 14E Erosional Velocity Limits for Sand Laden Fluids. Presented at the Offshore Technology Conference, Houston,4-7 May. OTC-8898-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.4043/8898-MS.
Schiller, L. and Naumann, A. 1933. A drag coefficient correlation. VDIZeitschrift 77: 318-320.
Shirazi, S.A., McLaury, B.S., Shadley, J.R. et al. 1995. Generalization ofthe API RP 14E Guideline for Erosive Services. J Pet Technol 47 (8): 693-698. SPE-28518-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/28518-PA.
Solnordal, C. and Wong, C. 2011. Application of a combined CFD/experimental approach to quantifying erosion rate. Presented at the 8th International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics in the Oil & Gas, Metallurgical and Process Industries (CFD2011), Trondheim, Norway, 21-23 June. Paper No.EP111687.
Solnordal, C. and Wong, C. 2012. Predicting Surface Profile Evolution Caused by Solid Particle Erosion. Presented at the Ninth International Conference onCFD in the Minerals and Process Industries, Melbourne, Australia, 10-12 December. Paper No. 54.
Sommerfeld, M. 2003. Analysis of collision effects for turbulent gas-particle flow in a horizontal channel: Part I. Particle transport. Int.J. Multiphase Flow 29 (4): 675-699. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0301-9322(03)00031-4.
Wallace, M.S., Dempster, W.M., Scanlon, T. et al. 2004. Prediction of Impact Erosion in Valve Geometries. Wear 256 (9-10): 927-936. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2003.06.004.
Wellman, R.G. and Nicholls, J.R. 2004. High Temperature Erosion-Oxidation Mechanisms, Maps and Models. Wear 256 (9-10): 907-917. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2003.04.003.
Wong, C.Y., Solnordal, C., Swallow, A. et al. 2012. Predicting the Material Loss Around a Hole Due To Sand Erosion. Wear 276-277: 1-15.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2011.11.005.
Wong, C.Y., Solnordal, C., Swallow, A., and Wu, J. 2013. Experimental and Computational Modelling of Solid Particle Erosion in a Pipe Annular Cavity.Wear 303 (1-2): 109-129. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2013.02.018.
Yeung, W.-S. 1979. Erosion in a Curved Pipe. Wear 55 (1):91-106. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0043-1648(79)90182-0.