A Method To Perform Multiple Diagnostic Fracture Injection Tests Simultaneously in a Single Wellbore
- Alvin R. Martin (ConocoPhillips) | David D. Cramer (ConocoPhillips) | Neale Roberts (ConocoPhillips) | Oswaldo Nunez (ConocoPhillips)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Production & Operations
- Publication Date
- April 2013
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 191 - 200
- 2013. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 4.3.4 Scale, 3 Production and Well Operations, 3.2.3 Hydraulic Fracturing Design, Implementation and Optimisation
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This paper presents a unique process for deriving reservoir properties (i.e., minimum horizontal stress, kh/u, and reservoir pressure) in isolated reservoir layers intersected by the same vertical wellbore. It is based on simultaneously performing multiple diagnostic fracture-injection tests (DFIT) with extended multiday shut-in periods using downhole shut-in tools and bottomhole memory gauges.
A case study of 58 vertical wells completed in the Mesaverde and Dakota sandstones of the San Juan basin is used to describe and assess the above application. These intervals are gas productive, slightly to significantly subpressured, and possess a very low permeability pore network enhanced by natural fracture networks. As many as seven individual intervals per well were tested using the simultaneous process in an area spanning the entire San Juan basin. Large-scale, multistage hydraulic fracturing is necessary to establish commercial production from these intervals. The diagnostic tests were done before the large-scale fracture treatments, yet did not impede the subsequent implementation of the treatments. In the Dakota interval, the diagnostic testing results agreed well with the kh derived from post-fracture production analysis and led to a process of treatment design optimization. In the Mesaverde interval, less agreement was found between diagnostic-test and production-analysis results. Despite the lack of validation, fluid leakoff rates measured during the diagnostic testing provided insight into fracture half-length differences documented in a previous study of microseismic mapping. As part of the case study, procedural guidelines and best practices developed in the process of performing over 200 tests will be discussed.
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