"Squimulation"--Simultaneous Well-Stimulation and Scale-Squeeze Treatments in Deepwater West Africa
- David Patterson (Chevron) | Mike Kendrick (Chevron) | Wade Williams (Chevron) | Myles Martin Jordan (Nalco)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Production & Operations
- Publication Date
- February 2013
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 55 - 66
- 2013. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 1.11 Drilling Fluids and Materials, 2.4.3 Sand/Solids Control, 2 Well Completion, 4.3.4 Scale, 5.4.1 Waterflooding, 3 Production and Well Operations, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 2.4.6 Frac and Pack
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In a deepwater west African field, the relatively small number of high-cost, highly productive wells, coupled with a high barium sulfate scaling tendency (upon waterflood breakthrough of injected seawater) requires effective scale management along with removal of near-wellbore damage in order to achieve high hydrocarbon recovery.
The nature of the well-completion strategy in the field (frac packs for sand control) had resulted in some wells with higher-than-expected skin values owing to drilling fluid losses, residual fracture gel, fluid loss agents, and fines mobilization within the frac packs.
The paper will present how the challenges of managing impaired completions and inorganic scale forced innovation in terms of when to apply both stimulation and scale-inhibitor packages to deepwater wells. This paper will outline a novel process for non-conventional batch chemical applications where bullhead stimulation treatments have been displaced deep into the formation (> 20 ft) using a scale inhibitor overflush. Not only does this benefit the stimulation by displacing the spent acid and reagents away from the immediate wellbore area, but the combined treatment provides a cost savings with a single mobilization for the combined treatment. The paper will describe the laboratory testing that was performed to qualify the treatments. The four field treatments that were performed demonstrate how these coupled applications have proven very effective at both well stimulation/skin reduction and scale-inhibitor placement before and after seawater breakthrough. The term "squimulation" is used by the local operations team to describe this simultaneous squeeze-and-stimulation process.
Many similar fields are currently being developed in the Campos basin (Gulf of Mexico) and west Africa, and this paper presents a good example of best-practice sharing from another oil basin.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||12|
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